1992 Monaco Grand Prix

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Template:Infobox Grand Prix race report The 1992 Monaco Grand Prix (formally the L Grand Prix de Monaco) was a Formula One motor race held on May 31, 1992 at the Monaco. It was the sixth round of the 1992 Formula One season. The race, contested over 78 laps was won by Ayrton Senna after a close battle for the lead in the final three laps with Nigel Mansell. Mansell has started from pole position and had been in first place from the start until lap 71 when he had to stop for a new set of tyres after he suspected puncture with his left rear tyre. Despite Senna’s victory, Mansell proved to be faster during the race, and seemed to be on course for a comfortable victory before his pitstop on lap 71.

Riccardo Patrese took the final podium position after just holding off Michael Schumacher’s Benetton who finished fourth after an earlier collision with Jean Alesi's Ferrari, which damaged the sidepod and the electronics of Alesi's Ferrari and caused his retirement. Martin Brundle in the second Benetton finished fifth despite having to pit for a new nose cone and tyres after a crash at the Nouvelle Chicane. Bertrand Gachot finished sixth in the final points position after having to pre-qualify on Thursday morning and scored Larrousse’s first and only point of the 1992 season.

Report

Background

The first five races of the championship had ended with Williams driver Nigel Mansell leading the Drivers Championship by 26 points having achieved five race wins in a row. Team-mate Riccardo Patrese was second having claimed 24. Their Williams team was leading the Constructors Championship with 74 points; second-placed Benetton had 20, with their driver Michael Schumacher third place in the drivers championship. Reigning World Champion Ayrton Senna of McLaren was only in fourth place, having accumulated eight points. However, The Monaco Grand Prix had only been won in the last eight years by either Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost but Nigel Mansell was looking to achieve his first win at Monaco having won the previous five races. There were no changes to the driver line-up from the previous race, however before the race Ferrari President Luca di Montezemolo had to publicly announce Ivan Capelli's position within the Ferrari team was "safe" in response to criticism from the Italian Autosprint magazine about Capelli's recent performances.<ref name="Ivan The Terrible">Template:Cite web</ref>Autosport had also reported on the Thursday before the race that Capelli was "about to be replaced" according to "Italian rumours", highlighting the fact Gianni Morbidelli had carried out most of Ferrari's testing work at the Imola circuit before the Monaco race.<ref name=r&r>Template:Cite journal</ref> Ferrari had released a statement in response to Morbidelli's testing of the Ferrari F92A saying Capelli had been "on holiday" but Capelli denied this was the case.<ref name=r&r/> Team Lotus also brought a second new 107 chassis for Mika Häkkinen at Monaco as only one 107 had been available for Herbert at San Marino. The car had been "shaken down" at Hethel in Norfolk by Olivier Beretta before being taken to Monaco

Pre-qualifying

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The pre-qualifying session on the Thursday morning lasted for one hour and started at 8:00 local time, in warm and sunny weather conditions.<ref name=p39>Template:Cite journal</ref> Michele Alboreto ended up fastest in the session, gaining himself some extra track time. Bertrand Gachot also pre-qualified without drama and finished second fastest with a best time of 1:25.980.<ref name=p39/><ref name=p37/> Roberto Moreno finished third fastest promoting the Andrea Moda team into the main qualifying session for the first time. Andrea Chiesa was the final pre-qualifier in fourth place with a best time of 1:27.756.<ref name=p39/> Ukyo Katayama was slowed by a slight oil leak and only managed a 1:28.310 before crashing at Tabac in the final minutes of session, finishing with the 5th fastest time and becoming the only driver other than Roberto Moreno and Perry McCarthy to not pre-qualify in 1992.<ref name=p37>Template:Cite journal</ref> Perry McCarthy in his Andrea Moda S921 actually only managed two laps at the beginning of the session and subsequently did not record a time.<ref name=p28>Template:Cite journal</ref><ref name="F1 Rejects Interview with Perry McCarthy">Template:Cite web</ref> The team wanted his Andrea Moda S921 car to be ready as a spare for his team mate Moreno, should he have needed it.<ref name=p37/>

Practice and qualifying

Two practice sessions were held before the race; the first was held on Friday morning, with the second held on Saturday morning. Both sessions lasted 1 hour and 45 minutes. The first practice session took place under warm and hazy weather conditions.<ref name=p28/>
File:Andrea Chiesa 1992 Monaco.jpg
Andrea Chiesa's Fondmetal spins in front of Karl Wendlinger's March during the Thursday practice session. Chiesa failed to qualify as he finished 29th fastest, 0.715 seconds slower than Moreno's Andrea Moda.<ref name="Qualifying">Template:Cite news</ref>
File:Riccardo Patrese 1992 Monaco.jpg
Riccardo Patrese finished Saturday qualifying second fastest despite being blocked by Bertrand Gachot in the final minutes of Saturday qualifying, resulting in a "paddock confrontation" between them.
File:Michael Schumacher 1992 Monaco.jpg
Michael Schumacher finished Saturday qualifying sixth fastest.
Nigel Mansell was fastest in the first practice session, 0.883 seconds ahead of Ayrton Senna in second, with Gerhard Berger in third and Michael Schumacher fourth.<ref name=p28/> Michele Alboreto took advantage of his extra running in the earlier pre-qualifying session by finishing sixth fastest, with Andrea de Cesaris's Tyrrell in seventh and Karl Wendlinger's March eighth.<ref name=p28/> Ferrari tried out a new traction control device and electronic differential on Jean Alesi's F92A car and he finished the session ninth fastest.<ref name=p28/> Alesi still said the engine "needed more power and better response" though.<ref name=p37/> Stefano Modena who qualified on the front row of the grid in the 1991 Monaco Grand Prix achieved the tenth fastest time and showed improvement with the Jordan 192 having previously failed to qualify for two races with Jordan in 1992.<ref name=p39/>

The qualifying session was split into two one-hour sessions; the first was held on Thursday afternoon with the second held on Saturday afternoon. The fastest time from either sessions counted towards their final grid position. The Thursday afternoon qualifying session was held under warm but overcast conditions.<ref name=p39/> Nigel Mansell finished Thursday qualifying fastest with a 1:20.714.<ref name=p39/> Ayrton Senna was second fastest ahead of Ricardo Patrese in third. Gerhard Berger was fourth fastest with a time of 1:22.359, but halfway through the session his McLaren's front suspension broke at Massenet causing him to crash heavily into the barriers. Berger commented: Template:Quote Jean Alesi had a spin in the session and was forced to use the spare Ferrari F92A on used tyres, however he still finished with the fifth fastest time. Michael Schumacher rounded out the top six with Andrea de Cesaris up in seventh place in the Tyrrell 020B. Having pre-qualified for the first time with Andrea Moda, Roberto Moreno continued to show improved speed by posting a 1:25.185 in the first twenty minutes, which put him 11th on the grid at the time despite Moreno's complaints of a "down-on-power engine".<ref name=p37/><ref name=Motoretro/> Moreno managed no further laps in the session due to overheating problems and slipped to 20th fastest by the end of Thursday qualifying.<ref name=Motoretro/> Andrea Chiesa had an engine changed on his Fondmetal GR01 during the session and started late, finishing with a best lap time of 1:27.140, the slowest time of Thursday qualifying.

The weather conditions on Saturday were sunny and dry, but gradually became more overcast later into the afternoon.<ref name=p39/> Within the first practice session on Saturday morning Pierluigi Martini crashed in the Monaco tunnel, causing damage to the barrier which took 40 minutes to repair and delayed the start of Saturday Qualifying by 30 minutes.<ref name="grandprix.com">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=FP1-eurosport>Template:Cite video</ref>

Nigel Mansell went even faster on Saturday with a 1:19.495 and took his sixth pole position of the season. Mansell later described his time as a "totally clear lap".<ref name=quali2>Template:Cite video</ref> Riccardo Patrese improved to qualify second fastest, however was held up by Bertrand Gachot on one of his qualifying laps, and reacted by heading over to the Larrousse pit and trying to punch the Belgian.<ref name=p39/><ref name="grandprix.com"/> Ayrton Senna finished qualifying third on the grid despite spinning the rear of his car into the tyre barrier at the Mirabeau corner, damaging both his rear suspension and wing which eventually broke off in the tunnel as Senna returned his damaged car to the pits.<ref name=quali2/> Stefano Modena suffered a drive shaft failure early in the session and ran back to his pit to use the spare Jordan. In the spare car he failed to improve on his Friday time and dropped to 21st on the grid. Modena was the only driver who did not set a faster time in Saturday Qualifying. Following his crash in the morning Pierluigi Martini still took part in the afternoon session in the spare Dallara and qualified 18th fastest.<ref name="Qualifying"/> Having finished 20th fastest on Thursday Roberto Moreno only managed to improve slightly on his Thursday time with a 1:24.945 due to "a string of mechanical problems" with the S921 chassis.<ref name=p37/> With the circuit proving faster on Saturday Moreno fell to 26th place by the end of the session. Eric van de Poele set his fastest time in the final minutes of qualifying but just failed to make 26th place as he was +0.036 seconds slower than Moreno's Andrea Moda.<ref name="grandprix.com"/> Formula 1 journalist Joe Saward reported there was "rejoicing" in the Andrea Moda pit upon Moreno's qualification for the race.<ref name=p33>Template:Cite journal</ref>

Race

File:Ayrton Senna 1992 Monaco.jpg
Ayrton Senna took the lead of the race on lap 70, but had to hold off a much faster Nigel Mansell after he caught up in the last three laps
The conditions for the race were overcast, but warm and dry.<ref name=p39/> The drivers took to the track on Sunday morning for a 30-minute warm-up session and Williams driver Ricardo Patrese finished fastest with Mansell down in fifth.<ref name=p39/> Michele Alboreto performed strongly in his Footwork to finish the session second, but his team-mate Aguri Suzuki was sent to hospital for checks after crashing his FA13 at Tabac.<ref name=p39/> The Japanese driver was later pronounced fit to race.<ref name="grandprix.com"/>

The formation lap started at 15:30 local time. 26 cars qualified for the race, but only 25 took to the grid for the start as Gianni Morbidelli couldn't start his car during the warm-up lap and subsequently had to start from the pit lane.

At the start, Senna passed Patrese into the St. Devote corner. Schumacher also passed Berger into the first corner. Pierluigi Martini also experienced his second crash of the weekend within the opening lap by running into the barrier on the exit of Mirabeau. The order at the end of lap one was Mansell in first, followed by Senna, Patrese, Alesi, Schumacher and Berger. Morbidelli joined the race a couple of laps down but only managed one lap before the gearbox again caused problems and forced him to retire for good.<ref name=p37/>

Roberto Moreno had moved up to nineteenth place thanks to the six earlier retirements but was forced to retire the Andrea Moda S921 on lap 11 in the pits due to engine problems with the Judd GV V10.<ref name=p37/> Patrese began to attack Senna but then began to drop back with gearbox troubles. On lap 12, Schumacher tried to pass Alesi in the Loews Hairpin and the two collided, and an electronic box was damaged in Alesi's car. Alesi continued to stay in fifth for another 16 laps with Schumacher getting ahead of him, before the damage forced him to retire on lap 28, this promoted Berger to fifth. Brundle was chasing Berger, but he made an error in Nouvelle Chicane and not only suffered a puncture but also damaged the Benetton's front wing and had to pit for repairs, giving sixth place to Capelli. On lap 32 Berger had to retire when his gearbox failed.<ref name=p37/>

On lap 60 Michele Alboreto made a mistake and spun in front of Senna's McLaren-Honda, nearly causing a collision between them. In avoiding Alboreto's Footwork Senna lost nearly 10 seconds.<ref name="grandprix.com"/>

Template:Quote boxIvan Capelli was running in 5th place despite having been lapped by Nigel Mansell, however on lap 61 he spun at Casino Square, damaging the steering arm. When he reached the swimming pool complex the damage caused him to spin and slide backwards wedging his Ferrari into barrier before Rascasse at a 45 degree angle. His retirement reminded the BBC F1 commentary team of the speculation regarding his future with Ferrari, which had been prominent before the race weekend.<ref name=BBC>Template:Cite video</ref>

Nigel Mansell lead the race in his Williams FW14B-Renault up until lap 70, but then suffered a loose wheel nut and was forced into the pits, emerging behind Ayrton Senna's McLaren-Honda. Mansell, on fresh tyres, set a lap record almost two seconds quicker than Senna's and closed from 5.2 to 1.9 seconds in only two laps. The pair duelled around Monaco for the final three laps but Mansell could find no way past, finishing just two tenths of a second behind the Brazilian.<ref name="grandprix.com"/><ref name=pg150>Template:Cite book</ref> It was Senna's fifth win at Monaco, equalling Graham Hill's record. Ricardo Patrese took the final podium position after just holding off Michael Schumacher’s Benetton who finished fourth.

Post-race

The top three finishers appeared in Prince Albert II of Monaco's Royal box to collect their trophies and in the subsequent press conference with Tony Jardine asking the questions.<ref name=race2/> Senna admitted he knew the Williams car was "several seconds faster" than him in the last few laps and his tyres were like "driving on ice" due to having completed the whole race on the same set.<ref name=race2/>

Mansell expressed his “disappointment” at not winning the race, but still described the result as the most important second place in his life and complimented Senna for his fair defensive driving:

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Mansell also described the sequence of events as a result of the suspected puncture on lap 71:

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Despite initial reports that Mansell incurred a puncture in the tunnel on lap 71 Goodyear later denied this was the case.<ref name=p34/> Williams engineer Adrian Newey later speculated the problem had "perhaps" been caused by a "loose wheel nut".<ref name=p34>Template:Cite journal</ref>

The 1992 Monaco Grand Prix turned out to be the only time the Andrea Moda team qualified for a Formula One race. Roberto Moreno retired after 11 laps with engine problems and the team never improved on this race result. In an interview in 2011 Roberto Moreno declared qualifying the Andrea Moda S921 at Monaco was one of his greatest motor racing memories:

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In a feature on the BBC's Formula 1 Website in 2009 former BBC Formula One commentator Murray Walker ranked the 1992 Monaco Grand Prix as one of the five "best ever" Formula 1 races due to what he described as the "absolute magic" battle for lead in the last three laps between Senna and Mansell. Template:-

Classification

Pre-Qualifying

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 9 Template:Flagicon Michele Alboreto Footwork-Mugen-Honda 1:25.413
2 29 Template:Flagicon Bertrand Gachot Larrousse-Lamborghini 1:25.980 +0.567
3 34 Template:Flagicon Roberto Moreno Andrea Moda-Judd 1:27.186 +1.773
4 14 Template:Flagicon Andrea Chiesa Fondmetal-Ford 1:27.756 +2.343
DNPQ 30 Template:Flagicon Ukyo Katayama Larrousse-Lamborghini 1:28.310 +2.897
DNPQ 35 Template:Flagicon Perry McCarthy Andrea Moda-Judd No time  
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Qualifying

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Time Q2 Time Gap
1 5 Template:Flagicon Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 1:20.714 1:19.495
2 6 Template:Flagicon Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:22.309 1:20.368 +0.873
3 1 Template:Flagicon Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:21:467 1:20.608 +1.113
4 27 Template:Flagicon Jean Alesi Ferrari 1:22.942 1:20.895 +1.400
5 2 Template:Flagicon Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 1:22.359 1:21.224 +1.729
6 19 Template:Flagicon Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 1:23.150 1:21.831 +2.336
7 20 Template:Flagicon Martin Brundle Benetton-Ford 1:23.872 1:22.068 +2.573
8 28 Template:Flagicon Ivan Capelli Ferrari 1:23.813 1:22.119 +2.624
9 12 Template:Flagicon Johnny Herbert Lotus-Ford 1:25.979 1:22.579 +3.084
10 4 Template:Flagicon Andrea de Cesaris Tyrrell-Ilmor 1:23.552 1:22.647 +3.152
11 9 Template:Flagicon Michele Alboreto Footwork-Mugen-Honda 1:23.774 1:22.671 +3.176
12 24 Template:Flagicon Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Lamborghini 1:24.567 1:22.733 +3.238
13 33 Template:Flagicon Maurício Gugelmin Jordan-Yamaha 1:24.235 1:22.863 +3.368
14 11 Template:Flagicon Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Ford 1:25.809 1:22.886 +3.391
15 29 Template:Flagicon Bertrand Gachot Larrousse-Lamborghini 1:23.606 1:23.122 +3.627
16 16 Template:Flagicon Karl Wendlinger March-Ilmor 1:23.978 1:23.264 +3.769
17 23 Template:Flagicon Christian Fittipaldi Minardi-Lamborghini 1:25.561 1:23.487 +3.992
18 22 Template:Flagicon Pierluigi Martini Dallara-Ferrari 1:25.665 1:23.508 +4.013
19 10 Template:Flagicon Aguri Suzuki Footwork-Mugen-Honda 1:24.340 1:23.641 +4.146
20 21 Template:Flagicon JJ Lehto Dallara-Ferrari 1:25.050 1:23.862 +4.367
21 32 Template:Flagicon Stefano Modena Jordan-Yamaha 1:23.890 1:23.909 +4.395
22 25 Template:Flagicon Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Renault 1:25.222 1:23.909 +4.414
23 26 Template:Flagicon Érik Comas Ligier-Renault 1:24.816 1:23.974 +4.479
24 3 Template:Flagicon Olivier Grouillard Tyrrell-Ilmor 1:24.533 1:23.990 +4.495
25 15 Template:Flagicon Gabriele Tarquini Fondmetal-Ford 1:25.614 1:24.479 +4.984
26 34 Template:Flagicon Roberto Moreno Andrea Moda-Judd 1:25.185 1:24.945 +5.450
DNQ 7 Template:Flagicon Eric van de Poele Brabham-Judd 1:25.702 1:24.981 +5.486
DNQ 8 Template:Flagicon Damon Hill Brabham-Judd 1:26.889 1:25.394 +5.899
DNQ 14 Template:Flagicon Andrea Chiesa Fondmetal-Ford 1:27.140 1:25.660 +6.165
DNQ 17 Template:Flagicon Paul Belmondo March-Ilmor 1:26.501 1:25.750 +6.255
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Race

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 1 Template:Flagicon Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 78 1:50:59.372 3 10
2 5 Template:Flagicon Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 78 + 0.215 1 6
3 6 Template:Flagicon Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 78 + 31.843 2 4
4 19 Template:Flagicon Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford 78 + 39.294 6 3
5 20 Template:Flagicon Martin Brundle Benetton-Ford 78 + 1:21.347 7 2
6 29 Template:Flagicon Bertrand Gachot Larrousse-Lamborghini 77 + 1 Lap 15 1
7 9 Template:Flagicon Michele Alboreto Footwork-Mugen-Honda 77 + 1 Lap 11  
8 23 Template:Flagicon Christian Fittipaldi Minardi-Lamborghini 77 + 1 Lap 17  
9 21 Template:Flagicon JJ Lehto Dallara-Ferrari 76 + 2 Laps 20  
10 26 Template:Flagicon Érik Comas Ligier-Renault 76 + 2 Laps 23  
11 10 Template:Flagicon Aguri Suzuki Footwork-Mugen-Honda 76 + 2 Laps 19  
12 25 Template:Flagicon Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Renault 75 + 3 Laps 22  
Ret 28 Template:Flagicon Ivan Capelli Ferrari 60 Spun Off 8  
Ret 2 Template:Flagicon Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 32 Gearbox 5  
Ret 11 Template:Flagicon Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Ford 30 Gearbox 14  
Ret 27 Template:Flagicon Jean Alesi Ferrari 28 Gearbox 4  
Ret 33 Template:Flagicon Maurício Gugelmin Jordan-Yamaha 18 Gearbox 13  
Ret 12 Template:Flagicon Johnny Herbert Lotus-Ford 17 Spun Off 9  
Ret 34 Template:Flagicon Roberto Moreno Andrea Moda-Judd 11 Engine 26  
Ret 4 Template:Flagicon Andrea de Cesaris Tyrrell-Ilmor 9 Gearbox 10  
Ret 15 Template:Flagicon Gabriele Tarquini Fondmetal-Ford 9 Engine 25  
Ret 32 Template:Flagicon Stefano Modena Jordan-Yamaha 6 Spun Off 21  
Ret 3 Template:Flagicon Olivier Grouillard Tyrrell-Ilmor 4 Transmission 24  
Ret 16 Template:Flagicon Karl Wendlinger March-Ilmor 1 Gearbox 16  
Ret 24 Template:Flagicon Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Lamborghini 1 Gearbox 12  
Ret 22 Template:Flagicon Pierluigi Martini Dallara-Ferrari 0 Spun Off 18  
DNQ 7 Template:Flagicon Eric van de Poele Brabham-Judd    
DNQ 8 Template:Flagicon Damon Hill Brabham-Judd    
DNQ 14 Template:Flagicon Andrea Chiesa Fondmetal-Ford    
DNQ 17 Template:Flagicon Paul Belmondo March-Ilmor    
DNPQ 30 Template:Flagicon Ukyo Katayama Larrousse-Lamborghini    
DNPQ 35 Template:Flagicon Perry McCarthy Andrea Moda-Judd    
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Standings after the race

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Drivers' Championship standings
Pos Driver Points
1 Template:Flagicon Nigel Mansell 56
2 Template:Flagicon Riccardo Patrese 28
3 Template:Flagicon Michael Schumacher 20
4 Template:Flagicon Ayrton Senna 18
5 Template:Flagicon Gerhard Berger 8

Template:Col-2

Constructors' Championship standings
Pos Constructor Points
1 Template:Flagicon Williams-Renault 84
2 Template:Flagicon McLaren-Honda 26
3 Template:Flagicon Benetton-Ford 25
4 Template:Flagicon Ferrari 9
5 Template:Flagicon Footwork-Mugen-Honda 5

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  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.

References

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External links

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