Architectural Association School of Architecture

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Architectural Association
School of Architecture


Motto Design with Beauty, Build in Truth
Established 1847
Director Brett Steele
Location London, England

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The Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, commonly referred to as the AA, is the oldest independent school of architecture in the UK and one of the most prestigious and competitive in the world. Its wide-ranging programme of exhibitions, lectures, symposia and publications have given it a central position in global discussions and developments within contemporary architectural culture.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>



The foundation of the Architectural Association, the precursor to the school, was a reaction against the customary way of architectural training where young men were articled to established architects. This practise offered no guarantee for educational quality, let alone professional standards. It was rife with vested interests and open to abuse, dishonesty and incompetence.<ref name=Bottoms>Edward Bottoms, Introductory lecture to AA Archives, February 2010</ref>

This situation and the reluctance of calling for programs prescribed by the state (as epitomised by France) led two articled pupils, Robert Kerr (1823–1904) and Charles Gray (1827/28–1881), to propose a systematic course of training provided by the students themselves.<ref name=Bottoms /> Immediately following a merger with the already existing Association of Architectural Draughtsmen, the first formal meeting under the name of the Architectural Association took place in May 1847 at Lyons Inn Hall, London. Kerr became its first president, 1847–48.

The AA School was formally established in 1890. In 1901, it moved premises to the former Royal Architectural Museum. In 1917, it moved again, to its current premises in Bedford Square, central London (it has since acquired additional London premises in John Street and a Template:Convert site at Hooke Park in Dorset). The school has also acquired property on Morwell Street behind Bedford Square, which it uses as studio space and there are plans for further expansion.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref>

In the 1960s, the school's free thinking philosophy provided a platform for radically new concepts like the Fun Palace by Cedric Price and the establishment and long lasting legacy of the Archigram group.<ref name=Bottoms /> Outstanding alumni were likely to stay on or return to the AA as teachers as exemplified by Pritzker Prize winners Rem Koolhaas and his pupil Zaha Hadid.

Put on a decidedly global basis by Alvin Boyarsky (Chairman from 1971 to 1990),<ref name=Bottoms /> after more than 150 years, the AA is one of the world's most international schools of architecture, attracting students and staff from more than 60 countries worldwide, with a long list of visiting critics, lecturers and other participants from around the world each year. The students of the AA have been addressed by many eminent figures, from John Ruskin and George Gilbert Scott in the 19th century, to more recently Richard Rogers, an alumnus of the school.


Courses are divided into two main areas - undergraduate programmes, leading to the AA Diploma (Part 2), and postgraduate programmes, which include specialised courses in Landscape Urbanism (LU),<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Housing and Urbanism, Sustainable Environmental Design, Histories and Theories, Emergent Technologies,<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> Design Research Lab (DRL), as well as day-release course in Building Conservation, garden conservation, and environmental access. Recently launched programmes Projective Cities, Design+Make and Interprofessional Studio. Since its foundation, the School has continued to draw its teaching staff from progressive international practices, and they are reappointed annually, allowing a continual renewal of the exploration of architectural graphics and polemical formalism.

The school also has its own bookshop, the AA Bookshop,<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> containing a comprehensive range of architectural books. The bookshop is also used as a platform for newly launched titles from AA Publications and its imprint Bedford Press.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> AA Publications has a long tradition of publishing architects, artists and theorists early in their careers, as well as occasionally publishing figures who have already gained notoriety in their field of expertise, such as Salman Rushdie. AA Publications also publishes the journal AA Files and the AA Book, also known as the Projects Review, which annually documents the work undertaken by members of the school from Foundation to Graduate programmes. AA Publications are designed and edited by the AA Print Studio, originally established in 1971 as part of the Communications Unit directed by Denis Crompton of Archigram. The school also has its own independent radio station.<ref>Template:Cite web</ref> The AA gallery also regularly exhibits work from emerging professionals, to exhibitions containing the work of more established architects and related professionals.

The school is notable as existing outside the state-funded university system, with tuition fees comparable to that of a private school, though some bursaries and scholarships are available on merit and financial need. Since non-EU students are charged higher fees to attend state universities however, the AA is competitively priced by comparison; therefore the AA is notable for having a higher proportion of overseas students enrolled than many other UK architecture schools.

It also exists outside the UCAS application system; even at undergraduate/first degree level direct application is the norm. It is therefore not included in many books which guide potential undergraduates to choose appropriate courses, indeed many are unaware of its existence until they are studying architecture elsewhere. This may also account for the lower count of home-students enrolled.



Notable former students

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  • Will Alsop (Stirling Prize, 2000)
  • Ron Arad
  • Herbert Baker
  • Geoffrey Bawa
  • Ben van Berkel
  • Peter Blundell Jones
  • David Chipperfield (Stirling Prize, 2007)
  • Nigel Coates
  • Sir Peter Cook
  • Edward Cullinan
  • Sir Philip Dowson
  • Jane Drew
  • Frank Duffy
  • Robin Evans
  • Mark Fisher
  • Colin Fournier
  • Kenneth Frampton
  • John Frazer
  • Tony Fretton
  • Stephen Gardiner
  • Marco Goldschmied
  • Hansjörg Göritz (Kunstpreis Berlin | Baukunst, 1996; American Academy in Rome | Affiliated Fellow, 2012/2013)
  • Piers Gough
  • Johnny Grey
  • Sir Nicholas Grimshaw
  • Zaha Hadid (Pritzker Prize, 2004; Stirling Prize, 2010, 2011)
  • Thomas Hardy
  • Fergus Henderson
  • Michael Ulrich Hensel
  • Manuel Herz
  • A. R. Hye
  • Steven Holl
  • Michael Hopkins


  • Maxwell Hutchinson
  • Louisa Hutton
  • Mazharul Islam
  • Robert Furneaux Jordan
  • Gerhard Kallmann<ref name=nytimes>Template:Cite news</ref>
  • Shiu-Kay Kan
  • Ram Karmi (Israel Prize, 2002)
  • Ada Karmi-Melamede (Israel Prize, 2007)
  • Rem Koolhaas (Pritzker Prize, 2000)
  • Nicholas Williams
  • Denys Lasdun
  • Steffen Lehmann
  • Edward Prentice Mawson
  • James MacLaren
  • Mohsen Mostafavi
  • Herbert Muschamp
  • Nicolai Ouroussoff
  • Neri Oxman
  • John Pawson
  • Philip Powell
  • Cedric Price
  • Keith Raywood
  • Raj Rewal
  • Richard Rogers (Pritzker Prize, 2007; Stirling Prize, 2006, 2009)
  • Peter Salter
  • Matthias Sauerbruch
  • Ole Scheeren
  • Dennis Sharp
  • Janet Street-Porter
  • Quinlan Terry
  • Michael Ventris
  • Eyal Weizman
  • Clive Wilkinson
  • John Winter
  • John Worthington


Former directors

  • Howard Robertson (1929–1935)
  • Alan Balfour (1991–1995)
  • Mohsen Mostafavi (1995–2004)

Current and former teachers

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  • Abalos & Herreros
  • David Adjaye
  • Will Alsop
  • Wiel Arets
  • Pier-Vittorio Aureli
  • Ben van Berkel
  • Alison Brooks (Stirling Prize, 2008)
  • Reg Butler
  • Nigel Coates
  • Mark Cousins
  • Robin Evans
  • Terry Farrell
  • Mark Fisher
  • Earl Flansburgh
  • John Frazer
  • Ranulph Glanville
  • Zaha Hadid
  • Michael Ulrich Hensel
  • Louisa Hutton
  • Robert Furneaux Jordan
  • Jeff Kipnis
  • Leon Krier
  • Rem Koolhaas
  • Arthur Korn
  • Daniel Libeskind


  • Christopher Matthews
  • Mohsen Mostafavi
  • Farshid Moussavi
  • Gordon Pask
  • Alberto Pérez-Gómez
  • Cedric Price
  • Philippe Rahm
  • Ian Ritchie
  • Makoto Saito
  • Peter Salter
  • Matthias Sauerbruch
  • Dennis Sharp
  • Bahram Shirdel
  • Peter Smithson
  • John Summerson
  • Bernard Tschumi
  • Dalibor Vesely
  • Ken Yeang
  • Alejandro Zaera-Polo
  • Elia Zenghelis



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Further reading

  • John Summerson: The Architectural Association 1847–1947, Pleiades Books, London 1947.

External links

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