Template:Infobox historic subdivision Axstane was a hundred in the county of Kent, England. The Hundred of Axstane lay south-east of Dartford and Wilmington Hundred. It is called Achestan in Domesday Book, but by the reign of Edward I it was called Axstane.
Its name has been interpreted as referring to an oak bearing stony land, or alternatively a reference to the personal name Acca.
In the time of Edward I, the King and the Archbishop of Canterbury were then its lords paramount. In the 20th year of the reign of Edward III (1347, just before the Black Death) this hundred answered for a total of 14.725 knights' fees.
Alternative spellings: Achestan (as above), Axston, Axstone, Axtane, Axton<ref name="ReferenceA">Hundred of Axton in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales,1870-72</ref>
The hundred included the parishes of
- Horton Kirby
The Hundred of Dartford and Wilmington did not exist at the time of the Norman Conquest, and the parishes of Dartford and Wilmington were accounted as part of Axstane in Domesday Book.<ref name=hundred>See The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1, author:Edward Hasted, publ. 1797</ref>
The importance of the hundred courts declined from the 17th century, and most of their powers were extinguished with the establishment of county courts in 1867. In 1894 the Hundred was succeeded by Dartford Rural District, which was then created out of the same parishes, with the addition of Wilmington and Crayford.
Dartford Poor Law Union
Dartford Poor Law Union was formed on 19 May 1836, covering roughly the same area as the Hundred of Axstane. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 24 in number, representing the following 21 constituent parishes (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one): Ash, Bexley (2), Crayford (2), Darenth, Dartford (2), Eynsford, Erith, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Kingsdown, Longfield, Lullingstone, Ridley, Southfleet, Stone, Sutton-at-Hone, Swanscombe, East Wickham, Wilmington.
The area was 34,139 acres (138 km2). Population in 1851: 9,869; Houses: 1,852.<ref name="ReferenceA"/>
The population by parish was as follows:
|Ash||3074||702||619||Merged into Ash-cum-Ridley 1.4.1955|
|Kingsdown||2813||423||412||Renamed West Kingsdown 1.8.1948|
|Sutton at Hone||3625||1290||3847||Swanley parish created 1.4.1955|
The Hundred of Axstane belonged to the Lathe of Sutton at Hone.