Axstane Hundred

From Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Infobox historic subdivision Axstane was a hundred in the county of Kent, England. The Hundred of Axstane lay south-east of Dartford and Wilmington Hundred. It is called Achestan in Domesday Book, but by the reign of Edward I it was called Axstane.

Its name has been interpreted as referring to an oak bearing stony land, or alternatively a reference to the personal name Acca.

In the time of Edward I, the King and the Archbishop of Canterbury were then its lords paramount. In the 20th year of the reign of Edward III (1347, just before the Black Death) this hundred answered for a total of 14.725 knights' fees.

Alternative spellings: Achestan (as above), Axston, Axstone, Axtane, Axton<ref name="ReferenceA">Hundred of Axton in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales,1870-72</ref>

The hundred included the parishes of

  • Ash
  • Darenth
  • Eynsford
  • Farningham
  • Fawkham
  • Hartley
  • Horton Kirby
  • Longfield
  • Lullingstone
  • Ridley
  • Southfleet
  • Stone
  • Swanscombe
  • Sutton-at-Hone
  • Kingsdown

The Hundred of Dartford and Wilmington did not exist at the time of the Norman Conquest, and the parishes of Dartford and Wilmington were accounted as part of Axstane in Domesday Book.<ref name=hundred>See The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1, author:Edward Hasted, publ. 1797</ref>

The importance of the hundred courts declined from the 17th century, and most of their powers were extinguished with the establishment of county courts in 1867. In 1894 the Hundred was succeeded by Dartford Rural District, which was then created out of the same parishes, with the addition of Wilmington and Crayford.

Dartford Poor Law Union

Dartford Poor Law Union was formed on 19 May 1836, covering roughly the same area as the Hundred of Axstane. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 24 in number, representing the following 21 constituent parishes (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one): Ash, Bexley (2), Crayford (2), Darenth, Dartford (2), Eynsford, Erith, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Kingsdown, Longfield, Lullingstone, Ridley, Southfleet, Stone, Sutton-at-Hone, Swanscombe, East Wickham, Wilmington.

The area was 34,139 acres (138 km2). Population in 1851: 9,869; Houses: 1,852.<ref name="ReferenceA"/>

The population by parish was as follows:

Parish Area
Ash 3074 702 619 Merged into Ash-cum-Ridley 1.4.1955
Darenth 2223 654 2801
Eynsford 3544 1323 1841
Farningham 2739 701 879
Fawkham 1198 249 232
Hartley 1211 227 272
Horton Kirby 2841 747 1551
Kingsdown 2813 423 412 Renamed West Kingsdown 1.8.1948
Longfield 605 162 498
Lullingstone 1557 51 64 Abolished 1.4.1955.
Ridley 834 91 86 Abolished 1.4.1955
Southfleet 2409 657 968
Stone 3009 829 3773
Sutton at Hone 3625 1290 3847 Swanley parish created 1.4.1955
Swanscombe 2141 1763 6577
TOTAL 33823 9869 24420

The Hundred of Axstane belonged to the Lathe of Sutton at Hone.