Beddington

From Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Other uses Template:Infobox UK place

Beddington is a lightly settled settlement in the London Borough of Sutton on the boundary with the London Borough of Croydon formed from a village of the same name which until early the 20th century still included land which became termed entirely as Wallington. The BedZED low energy housing estate (or Beddington Zero Energy Development) is, in non-ecclesiastical terms, in the neighbouring locality of Hackbridge. The latter was in the 13th century shown on local maps as Hakebrug, and named after a bridge on the River Wandle. The locality has a landscaped wooded park at Beddington Park - also known as Carew Manor; and a nature reserve and sewage treatment works in the centre and to the north of its area respectively.

History

Template:See also The village lay in Wallington hundred and until the 19th century was in secular and ecclesiastical terms a large parish in its own right. Wallington was for centuries a manor in Beddington parish and although known as a shorthand for the area stretching from Cheam to Addington and from Chaldon to Mitcham (inclusive). Wallington superseded Beddington's former area almost completely in the early 20th century.

The settlement appears in the Domesday Book as Beddinton(e) held partly by Robert de Watevile from Richard de Tonebrige and by Miles Crispin. Its Domesday Assets were: 6 hides; 1 church, 14 ploughs, 4 mills worth £3 15s 0d, Template:Convert of meadow, woodland worth 10 hogs per year. It rendered: £19 10s 0d per year to its feudal system overlords. In 1901 it consisted of Template:Convert, of which 1,439 acres were arable land, 614 permanent grass and 45 woods. As this was before the expansion of Wallington, it extends on the south over the chalk downs and northwards on to the London Clay. Lavender and medicinal herbs were grown commercially in the parish. The population in 1901 was 4,812. The parish was bounded on the north by Mitcham Common, and the three parishes of Croydon, Beddington and Mitcham met on the railway line by Beddington Lane station.<ref name=m>Template:Cite web</ref>

The 1911 Victoria County History documents Beddington in the period of its shrinkage.

Template:Quote

A parish hall was built at Wallington in 1888, following its church and parish being set up in 1867 (in Beddington at the time). Holy Trinity Church school was built in 1896; the High School for girls was built in 1895 and enlarged in 1905. Thus it came about that Wallington took up most of the land of Beddington.<ref name=m/>

In the late 20th century here was a static inverter plant of HVDC Kingsnorth.

Beddington Park

File:Carew Manor School, Beddington, Surrey - geograph.org.uk - 587496.jpg
Carew Manor School, Beddington, Surrey in the London Borough of Sutton
File:Carew manor.jpg
Beddington Park, the former manor house of the Carew family
File:CarewArms.jpg
Arms of Carew: Or, 3 lions passant in pale sable These were the arms shown on the seal of "Nicholas de Carreu" (c.1255–1311), appended to the Barons' Letter, 1301, which he joined as "Lord of Mulesford" and which were blazoned for the same bearer in the Caerlaverock Poem or Roll of Arms of 1300, when he was present at the Siege of Caerlaverock Castle. From him are descended the Carew baronets of Antony and of Haccombe, the Earl of Totnes and Baron Carew

Beddington Park was the former manor house of the Carew family, lost to money lenders (see George Samuel Ford) and bad debts by Charles Hallowell Hallowell Carew in the 1850s. The Domesday Book mentions two Beddington estates and these were united by Nicholas Carew to form Carew Manor in 1381. The Manor, once a medieval moated house, was home to the Royal Female Orphanage from 1866 until 1968. It now contains council offices and Carew Manor School.

In about 1591 Sir Walter Raleigh secretly, and without royal permission, married one of Queen Elizabeth I's maids of honour, Elizabeth Throckmorton of Carew Manor. Raleigh spent time in the Tower of London for this and Elizabeth was expelled from the court but the marriage appears to have been a genuine love-match and survived the imprisonment. A popular story is that when Raleigh was beheaded by James I in 1618, Elizabeth claimed his embalmed head and kept it in a bag for the rest of her life. His body was buried in St Margaret's, Westminster, and after his wife's death 29 years later, Raleigh's head was returned to his tomb and interred at St. Margaret's Church. Local myths claim the head remains in Beddington park or was inherited by his son and buried with him.

The Grade I listed great hall (or banqueting hall), containing a fine hammerbeam roof, survives from the mediaeval house. In the grounds are part of the orangery built in the early 18th century around orange trees planted by Sir Francis Carew (claimed to be the first planted in England) and an early 18th-century Grade II* listed dovecote.

Queen Elizabeth's Walk is a short wooded trail that dates back to the first Elizabeth. Local legend has it that the Monarch and Sir Walter Raleigh used to stroll together there Template:Citation needed. However, this was actually land left unused for the proposed M23 motorway extension.

Archaeologists have recently discovered a Tudor garden including a grotto at Carew Manor, believed to have been created by Sir Francis Carew in the 16th century. Its exact location is currentlyTemplate:When not being disclosed in order to protect it from looting.

The 14th Century flint parish church of St Mary's is situated in the park next to the house. It is Grade B listed, and contains an organ screen by William Morris. Template:Clear

Nearest places

  • Carshalton
  • Hackbridge
  • Mitcham
  • Roundshaw
  • Waddon
  • Wallington

References

Template:Reflist

Template:Commons category

Template:LB Croydon Template:LB Sutton