The Bonnefanten Museum is a museum of fine art in Maastricht, Netherlands.
The museum was founded in 1884 as the historical and archaeological museum of the Dutch province of Limburg. The name Bonnefanten Museum is derived from the French 'bons enfants' ('good children'), the popular name of a former convent that housed the museum from 1951 until 1978.
In 1995, the museum moved to its present location, a former industrial site named 'Céramique'. The new building was designed by the Italian architect Aldo Rossi. With its rocket-shaped cupola overlooking the river Maas, it is one of Maastricht's most prominent modern buildings.<ref name="Dunford2010">Template:Cite book</ref>
Since 1999, the museum has become exclusively an art museum. The historical and archaeological collections were housed elsewhere. The museum is largely funded by the province of Limburg.
In 2009, the museum celebrated its 125th anniversary with the exhibition Exile on Main Street. In 2012, Stijn Huijts became director.
The combination of old art and contemporary art under one roof gives the Bonnefanten Museum its distinctive character. The department of old masters is located on the first floor and displays highlights of early Italian, Flemish and Dutch painting. Exhibited on the same floor is the museum's extensive collection of Medieval sculpture. The contemporary art collection is exhibited on the second floor and focuses on American Minimalism, Italian Arte Povera and Concept Art. The second and third floors are also used for temporary exhibitions.
The collection old art of the Bonnefanten Museum consist of four main sections:
- Wooden sculptures dating from the 13th till 16th century (notably by Jan van Steffeswert and the Master of Elsloo);
- The so-called Neutelings collection of medieval art, consisting of artifacts made of wood, bronze, marble, alabaster and ivory from the Southern Netherlands, France, England and the German Lower Rhine region;
- Italian paintings from the 14th and 15th centuries: Giovanni del Biondo, Domenico di Michelino, Jacopo del Casentino, Sano di Pietro, Pietro Nelli;
- Flemish and Dutch paintings from the 16th and 17th centuries: Colijn de Coter, Jan Mandyn, Jan Provost, Roelandt Savery, Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Pieter Aertsen, Pieter Brueghel the Younger, David Teniers II, Peter Paul Rubens, Jacob Jordaens, Hendrik van Steenwijk II, Gérard de Lairesse, Wallerant Vaillant, Melchior d'Hondecoeter and Jan van Goyen.
Since Alexander van Grevenstein became director in 1986, the Bonnefanten Museum has focused mainly on contemporary art. In 2006, an important long-term loan from the Belgian architect Charles Vandenhove and his wife greatly strengthened the museum's collection of postwar art. The main focus of the permanent collection is now on:
- École de Paris, Art informel and COBRA: Roger Bissière, Alfred Manessier, Antonio Saura, Pierre Alechinsky, Christian Dotremont, Asger Jorn, Karel Appel;
- Conceptual art: Jan Dibbets, Marcel Broodthaers, Daniel Buren, Christo, Christian Boltanski, Bernd and Hilla Becher, Joseph Beuys, Bruce Nauman, Gilbert and George, Barry Flanagan;
- Minimal Art: Sol LeWitt, Robert Ryman, Robert Mangold, Richard Serra;
- Arte Povera: Luciano Fabro, Mario Merz, Jannis Kounellis;
- Neo-expressionism: Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Anselm Kiefer, Neo Rauch, Antoni Tàpies, Peter Doig, Gary Hume, Luc Tuymans, Marlene Dumas;
The collection also features video art and room-size installations by younger artists: Atelier Van Lieshout, Francis Alÿs, David Claerbout, Patrick Van Caeckenbergh, Roman Signer, Franz West, Pawel Althamer.
In 2011, a deal was negotiated between the collectors Jo and Marlies Eyck and the province of Limburg. The result was that the Eyck collection of postwar art and the castle of Wijlre and its grounds, are now part of the museum.
- Meester van 1518 - Huisaltaar.JPG
Tryptich. Antwerp (?), 1518.
- Giovanni del Biondo - H. Stephanus.jpg
Saint Stephen (before 1399), Giovanni del Biondo
- Pieter Brueghel de Jonge - Volkstelling te Bethlehem, 1605-1610.jpg
Census in Bethlehem (±1605-1610), Pieter Brueghel the Younger
- Peter Paul Rubens - Portret van Pater Jan Neyen.JPG
Portrait of Father Jan Neyen (1607), Peter Paul Rubens
- Colijn de Coter (1504-1510) De graflegging (ICN NK2832).jpg
Entombment (±1505), Colijn de Coter
- LeWitt-1994 LongPyramid2.jpg
Long Pyramid (1994), Sol LeWitt
Bibliography, references and notes
- Szénássy, I.L. (ed.), Bonnefantenmuseum. Het gebouw. Het museum. De verzamelingen. Maastricht, 1984
- Szénássy, I.L. (ed.), Kunst in het Bonnefantenmuseum. Maastricht, 1984
- Szénássy, I.L. (ed.), Oudheden in het Bonnefantenmuseum. Maastricht, 1984
- Poel, P. te, Bonnefantenmuseum. Collectie Middeleeuws Houtsnijwerk. Maastricht, 2007
- Poel, P. te, Bonnefantenmuseum. Collectie Neutelings. Maastricht, 2007
- Quik, T., Bonnefantenmuseum. De geschiedenis. Maastricht, 2007
- Timmers, J.J.M., Catalogus van schilderijen en beeldhouwwerken. Maastricht, 1958
- Wegen, R. van, and T. Quik (ed.), Bonnefantenmuseum Maastricht. Maastricht, 1995