Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Template:Redirect Template:Infobox university The Budapest University of Technology and Economics (Template:Lang-hu), in Hungarian abbreviated as BME, English official abbreviation BME, is the most significant University of Technology in Hungary and is also one of the oldest Institutes of Technology in the world, having been founded in 1782.
BME is considered the world's oldest Institute of Technology which has university rank and structure. It was the first institute in Europe to train engineers at university level. The legal predecessor of the university was founded in 1782 by Emperor Joseph II, and was named Template:Lang-la ("Institute of Geometry and Hydrotechnics").
The "Berg-Schola," the world's first institute of technology, was founded in Selmecbánya, Kingdom of Hungary (today Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia) in 1735. Many members of the first teaching staff of BME arrived from Selmecbánya.
In 1860, the Hungarian language replaced Latin as the language of instruction.
It was reorganized in 1871 as Royal Joseph Technical University and was elevated to equal rank with other universities in the country. In 1910 it moved to its current site near Gellért square (next to the Art Nouveau Hotel Gellért). In 1934 it was reorganized again as Palatine Joseph University of Technology and Economics and it played a dominant role in the interwar industrialization process, together with engineering and economist training in Hungary.
The university was restructured again after the Second World War. The 1956 Hungarian Revolution was partly launched by students at the university, followed by many professors. In 1967, the two technical universities seated in Budapest were merged to form the Technical University of Budapest, with six faculties. In 2000 – two years after the Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences was established – the official name changed to Budapest University of Technology and Economics.
The university has approximately 1,100 faculty members. About a third of its 24,000 students are foreign students, from fifty countries. BME issues about 70% of Hungary's engineering degrees.
- Dénes Gábor (Dennis Gábor), inventor of holography (1971 Nobel Prize in Physics)
- George Oláh (1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry)
- Wigner Jen?, (Eugene Wigner), (1963 Nobel Prize in Physics)
- Fülöp von Lénárd (1905 Nobel Prize in Physics)
- Alfréd Hajós Olympic champion swimmer
- Alajos Hauszmann
- Donát Bánki Co-inventor of the modern carburetor
- Károly Ereky (Karl Ereky, born Károly Wittmann), coined the notion: biotechnology 1917
- Csaba Horváth Built first high performance liquid chromatograph.
- Kálmán Kandó ("Father" of the AC powered electric locomotive), Rotary phase converter
- Tódor Kármán (Theodore von Kármán "Father" of super-sonic flight)
- Károly Kós
- Dénes Mihály
- Ern? Rubik
- Imre Steindl Architect of Hungarian Parliament
- Leó Szilárd ("Father" of the atomic bomb, one of two co-inventors of nuclear reactor)
- Ede Teller ("Father" of the hydrogen bomb)
- Pál Erd?s
- Donát Bánki Co-inventor of the carburetor
- Árpád Gerecs
- Imre Makovecz
- Lajos Kollár
- András Ekler
- Kálmán Tihanyi Inventor of Plasma TV, CRT-tube pioneer, designed the first pilotless aircraft
- Frigyes Schulek, architect Fisherman's Bastion
- Károly Simonyi Physicist, father of Charles Simonyi
- Josef Petzval Physicist´´
thumbnail before its renovation ]] In May 2000 the university had 1,024 regular faculty members (more than 50% of whom had a PhD in a scientific field). 34 professors/researchers of the university are members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Training courses are provided in five languages: Hungarian, English, German, French and Russian.
The ECTS credit system was introduced in 1995. This helps students to enroll in the student exchange program of the European Union, the Socrates (also known as Erasmus), and earn a double degree through the Top Industrial Managers for Europe network.
According to webometrics.info, in 2010 BME university was ranked 269th in the top 8000 worldwide.
According to AcademyRank.com, BME ranked first nationally, 99 in Europe and 426 world wide.
At present the university has eight Faculties (founding date in parentheses):
- Faculty of Civil Engineering (1782)
- Faculty of Mechanical Engineering (1871)
- Faculty of Architecture (1873)
- Faculty of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology (1873)
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (1949)
- Faculty of Transportation Engineering (1955)
- Faculty of Natural Sciences (1998*)
- Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences (1998*)
*Faculty of Natural and Social Sciences was founded in 1987 and separated in 1998.
All Hungarians who pass the Hungarian high school matura with enough points are eligible for admission, as well as for anyone else in possession of an International Baccalaureate (again, with enough points).
As with all Hungarian universities, a tuition fee of around $700 has to be paid each year for the Hungarian program. No extra fee is required for Hungarians for whom it is their first university, unless they spend more than 13 semesters there.
The university offers extensive English language programs on all its faculties, at all levels of study (Preparatory Year, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy). The Tuition fees vary from €2250 - €4500 per semester. 6% of all students come from different countries of the world representing over fifty different countries; the majority of the students in the English Program are from Turkey, Iran, and Cyprus.
300px The university is located on the right side of the Danube between Szabadság Bridge and Pet?fi Bridge and towards Rákóczi Bridge. This makes the university campus especially long and narrow: walking from one side of the university to the other can take as much as 20 minutes.
The Inner City of Budapest (Pest) is just across the river, about 10 minutes' walk by either of the bridges.
The University hosted the IFIUS 2008 World Interuniversity Games in October.
Notes and references
- Template:Official website
- International Education Center
- Detailed history in English and in Hungarian
- Photo Gallery--A very large collection
- Map of the university
- Education informations
- Aerial photographs of the University