Template:Unreferenced Template:Other uses Template:Infobox settlement Câmpulung (also spelled Cîmpulung, Template:IPA-ro), or Câmpulung Muscel, is a city in the Arge? County, Muntenia, Romania. It is situated among the outlying hills of the Carpathian mountains, at the head of a long well-wooded glen traversed by the Râul Târgului, a tributary of the Arge?.
Its pure air and fine scenery render Câmpulung a popular summer resort. In the city there are more than twenty churches, besides a monastery and a cathedral, which both claim to have been founded in the 13th century by Radu Negru, legendary first Prince of Wallachia.
Near Câmpulung are the remains of a Roman camp now know as the Castra of Jidava (or Jidova); and just beyond the gates, vestiges of a Roman colony, variously identified with Romula, Stepenium and Ulpia Traiana, but now called Gr?di?tea (meaning place of a fortress in Romanian) or Jidovi.
"Câmpulung" literally means "Long Field" in Romanian.
Câmpulung was one of the earliest urban settlements in Wallachia, the Transylvanian Saxons contributing to its development by bringing the German urban culture. The earliest written evidence of the town's existence is dated 1300, and is to be found in the Câmpulung church. The inscription is an epitaph of Laurencius de Longo Campo, the mayor of the German community, the full text being Hic sepultus est comes Laurencius de Longo-Campo, pie memorie, Anno Domini MCCC ("Here is buried Laurentius of Longus-Campus, in pious memory, Anno Domini 1300").
Câmpulung was the first capital of the feudal state of Wallachia, until succeeded by Curtea de Arge? in the 14th century. There was a considerable traffic with Transylvania, over the Bran Pass, 15 miles to the north, and with the south by a branch railway to Ploie?ti.
- The letter of Neac?u of Câmpulung