Camden Palace Theatre
Template:Infobox Theatre KOKO is a live-music venue, and former theatre in Camden Town, London, England. The building was known as Camden Palace until its 2004 purchase and extensive restoration led by Oliver Bengough and Mint Entertainment.<ref name=haute>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=design>Template:Cite web</ref> Since, the club has been known as KOKO and serves as one of the premier live music venues in London.<ref name=haute/><ref name=timeout>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=best>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=gol>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=mr>Template:Cite web</ref>
The Camden Theatre opened on Boxing Day 1900.<ref name=va>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=brief>Template:Cite web</ref> With a capacity of 2,434 it was one of the largest theatres in London outside the West End. The theatre was designed by the prolific theatre architect W. G. R. Sprague. The theatre was opened by Ellen Terry, then the most celebrated actress in England, who had lived in nearby Stanhope Street as a child.<ref name=treasure>Template:Cite web</ref>
The St Pancras Gazette, a local newspaper, commented as follows in a review of the theatre's production of an opera called The Geisha in 1901:
- "It is a matter of special gratification that the opera was presented at our beautiful local theatre on a scale of magnificence and completeness which would do credit to a West End theatre, but this is nothing new at the Camden Theatre, being rather a continuation of the policy with which the proprietors started their enterprise, viz. to offer nothing to their patrons but standard work, which has received the unmistakable approval of critics and public."
On 6 December 1909 it reopened as a variety theatre and became the Camden Hippodrome Theatre.<ref name=go>Template:Cite web</ref> By 1911 films were being presented as part of the programme and in January 1913 it became a cinema known as the Camden Hippodrome Picture Theatre. In January 1928, the theater was taken over by the Gaumont British cinema circuit.<ref name=treasure/>
Closed during World War II, it outlived many similar buildings, including Camden Town's other theatre, the Bedford Theatre, largely because it became a BBC radio theatre from 1945 and is Grade II architecturally listed since 1972. Among the first weekly series to be broadcast live from here were The Richard Tauber Programme [1945-47]. Later programmes recorded at the theatre included The Goon Show and Monty Python's Flying Circus album (2 May 1970) until the BBC moved to the Golders Green Hippodrome in 1972.<ref name=lomo>Template:Cite web</ref>
The venue was then renamed The Music Machine. The venue was the central location for the 1979 Disco Dance film The Music Machine.<ref name=treasure/> The venue was popular with new wave and first wave punk bands, hosting groups including The Boomtown Rats, The Clash and The Dickies.<ref name=go/> It was the last venue AC/DC's Bon Scott was seen drinking at before his death from alcohol poisoning in 1980.
In 1982 the venue was renamed Camden Palace. During this period it hosted the rock night "Feet First" on a Tuesday and trance electro night "Peach" on a Friday night. The nights were hosted by Steve Strange and Rusty Egan of electronic band Visage.<ref name=treasure/> Camden Palace was the location of Madonna's first UK performance.<ref name=go/><ref name=mad>Template:Cite web</ref><ref name=madonna>Template:Cite web</ref>
2004 restoration and relaunch
By 2004 the Camden Palace was rundown and in a state of disuse.<ref name=brief/><ref name=go/> That year the theater was purchased by Oliver Bengough and his company Mint Entertainment.<ref name=haute/><ref name=brief/> Bengough saw the potential of the theater and embarked on a multi-million pound restoration process lasting more than six months.<ref name=design/><ref name=go/> The restoration process included all new technical facilities, enabling the scope of operations to be broadened to include live concert performances, club nights, corporate events and television production. The Daily Telegraph describes the modern interior amenities and the building's historic facade as "lend[ing] a sense of grandeur to any gig".<ref name=design/><ref name=best/><ref name=unlike>Template:Cite web</ref>
Since restoration, KOKO’s commitment to sustainability has been recognised with an award for Environmental Excellence in Camden Organisations (EECO), for Innovation in Waste Management and Recycling. The venue has been praised for ‘the continued exceptional effort by staff to achieve a 95% recycling rate in the difficult events and entertainment industry, and for the use of recycled materials within the building in order to close the recycling loop.’
The key points in KOKO’s innovative recycling and waste management strategy include:
- Recycling paper and cardboards (including flyers), as well as approximately 30,960 glass bottles, 20,088 aluminium cans and 77,166 plastic cups every month;
- Replacing 982 light bulbs with GLOWB low energy light bulbs;
- Reducing emissions, by working with ‘The Carbon Trust' and ‘Better Climate for Camden’: by switching to a green energy supplier, KOKO aims to prevent the release into the atmosphere of 520 tonnes of CO2 over the next 12 months;
- as KOKO currently produces approximately 310.809 tonnes of CO2 per annum, they have teamed up with Solar Aid who supply Solar Lanterns to under-developed countries to help offset this.
In 1972, the theatre was the host for The Goon Show's reunion episode The Last Goon Show of All. The event was attend by several senior Royal Family members. The show was filmed and recorded.
On Friday 14 November 1980, The Music Machine hosted an infamous gig by London mod revival band the Chords where onstage interactions between the band members ranged from frosty to outright hostile and following the gig, the Chords' frontman Billy Hassett left the band acrimoniously and was later replaced by Kip Herring.
In 2005, a year after restoration, Coldplay chose KOKO to launch their album “X&Y”.<ref name=cold>Template:Cite web</ref> Later that year, Madonna also hosted her album launch of Confessions on a Dance Floor at KOKO.<ref name=madonna/>
The next year, in 2006, Elton John hosted a benefit party at KOKO for his AIDS Charity Bash, attended by Natalie Imbruglia, Elle Macpherson, Jade Jagger, and Kevin Spacey.<ref name=brief/><ref name=hello>Template:Cite web</ref>
Prince performed a secret show at KOKO in 2007, his first UK show in over 10 years, with David Walliams, Damien Hirst, Will Young, Sophie Ellis-Bextor, David Furnish, Boy George and Pete Burns in attendance.<ref name=prince>Template:Cite web</ref> The American band My Chemical Romance also played a private show at KOKO in 2007, hosted by Radio 1.<ref name=lomo/> Later in 2007, The Disney Channel used KOKO to host Hannah Montana's Live in London, an exclusive one-off event broadcast globally for her fans.<ref name=lomo/><ref name=disney>Template:Cite web</ref>
In 2009, KOKO hosted the iTunes festival, which extended over 30 nights and featured guests including N.E.R.D, Paul Weller, James Blunt, Calvin Harris and Dizzee Rascal and over 45,000 people.<ref name=londonist>Template:Cite web</ref>
In 2010 KOKO also hosted fundraiser for the Institute of Contemporary Arts featuring a performance Lily Allen and Bryan Ferry and attended by Vivienne Westwood, Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin.<ref name=ica>Template:Cite web</ref>
Since restoration, the club has attracted well known musicians including Al Murray, Irfan Latif, Don Broco, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Madonna, Christina Aguilera, Prince, Coldplay, Katy B, My Chemical Romance, Oasis, Bruno Mars, Thom Yorke, Amy Winehouse, La Roux, Skrillex, Lady Gaga, The Killers, Kanye West, Katy Perry, Lily Allen, Usher, Noel Gallagher, Swedish House Mafia and many others.<ref name=go/><ref name=madonna/><ref name=inde>Template:Cite web</ref>
On 10 March 2013, Koko hosted one of the last ever live performances by Wilko Johnson, best known as former guitarist with influential Canvey Island pub rock band Dr Feelgood, and his band, when he concluded his farewell tour, scheduled after he was diagnosed with terminal pancreatic cancer.
- Guide to British Theatres 1750-1950, John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 102 (Theatres Trust, 2000) ISBN 0-7136-5688-3
- Cinema Treasures history of Camden Hippodrome Picture Theatre
- History of the Camden Palace
- History of Camden Theatre with archive material
- Koko Review