Cathedral of Trier

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Template:Infobox religious building

thumb The High Cathedral of Saint Peter in Trier (Template:Lang-de) is a Roman Catholic church in Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the oldest cathedral in the country. The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added onto gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. Its dimensions, 112.5 by 41 m, make it the largest church structure in Trier. In 1986 it was listed as part of the Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier UNESCO World Heritage Site.

thumb stucco-work in the vault of the west-end choir.]]

History

The structure is raised upon the foundations of Roman buildings of Augusta Treverorum. Following the conversion of the Emperor Constantine the Bishop Maximin of Trier (329-346) coordinated the construction of the grandest ensemble of ecclesiastical structures in the West outside Rome: on a groundplan four times the area of the present cathedral no less than four basilicas, a baptistery and outbuildings were constructed; the four piers of the crossing formed the nucleus of the present structure.

The fourth-century structure was left in ruins by the Franks and rebuilt. Normans destroyed the structure again in 882. Under Archbishop Egbert (d. 993) it was restored once more.

Description

The West front in five symmetrical sections remains typical of Romanesque architecture under the Salian emperors. The West end choir, with its apsidal semi-cylinder expressed on the exterior façade, was completed in 1196. The interior is of three Romanesque naves with Gothic vaulting, and a Baroque chapel for the relic of the Seamless robe of Jesus, recovered from the interior of the high altar in 1512, complete the interior.

The Latin inscription above the clock on the tower reads "NESCITIS QVA HORA DOMINVS VENIET" ("You do not know what time the Lord is coming").

Relics

File:CaputSHelenae 0578a.jpg
Helena's head relic in the crypt of Trier cathedral
File:Trierer Dom 26.jpg
Epitaph of Johann Philipp von Walderdorf

The skull of St. Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine, is displayed in the cathedral. Template:Clear-left

Burials

  • Bohemond II (Archbishop of Trier)
  • Baldwin (Archbishop of Trier)
  • Henry I (Archbishop of Trier)
  • Udo (Archbishop of Trier)
  • Franz Georg von Schönborn-Buchheim

Views

See also

  • Three hares
  • Johann Philipp von Walderdorf
  • Liebfrauenkirche, Trier

External links

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