Codlea

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Template:Infobox settlement

Codlea (Template:IPA-ro; Template:Lang-de; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Zäöeden; Template:Lang-hu) is a city in Bra?ov County, central Romania.

History

During the 13th century, the Teutonic Order built a fortress known as Schwarzburg ("black castle") near the "M?gura Codlei". The castle's name was first noted in 1265. The city of Codlea is believed to have been also founded by Germans. The fortified church in the city is the largest in the Burzenland historic region. Codlea was well known for its flowers and was called the city of flowers.

Name

The Romanian name "Codlea" could be a derivation from the Latin *codella, diminutive from Latin coda ‘edge, rearward’ or it could be a derivation from the Slavic cotal ("kettle"), as the M?gura Codlei ("kettle hill") looks like a kettle. In Romanian, M?gura means 'big hill, mound, forest located on a high place'. The hill also provides the Hungarian name of the city Feketehegy ("Black Hill"). The German name's origin is unknown, but there is a theory that it was derived from Zeidler ("beekeeper").

Population

  • 1510: 670
  • 1814: 3,264
  • 1849: 3,764
  • 1890: 4,035
    • 2,680 Germans (67%)
    • 1,211 Romanians (30%)
    • 44 Hungarians(1%)
    • 100 Jews and others (2%)
  • 1930: 5,219
    • 3,111 Germans (60%)
    • 1,916 Romanians (36%)
    • 192 Hungarians (4%)
  • 1941: 6,214
  • 1966: 13,075
  • 1977: 22,744
  • 1982: 23,500
  • 1992: 24,620
  • 2002: 24,286
  • 2011: 19,836

As of 2011, 90.2% of inhabitants were Romanians, 5.6% Roma, 2.8% Hungarians and 1% Germans. As of 2002, 86.8% were Romanian Orthodox, 3.7% Roman Catholic, 3.1% Pentecostal, 2.2% Christian Evangelical, 1% Evangelical Augustan Confession and 0.8% Reformed.

Natives

  • Albert Ziegler (1888–1946), pilot
  • Aurel Bordenache (1902–1987), painter, sculptor, graphic
  • Eduard Morres (1884–1980), painter
  • Fritz Klein (1888–1945), SS officer

External links

Template:Commons category

Template:Bra?ov County