Cologne Zoological Garden

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The Aktiengesellschaft Cologne Zoological Garden is the zoo of Cologne, Germany. It features over 7,000 animals of more than 700 species on more than 20 hectares. The internationally renowned zoo with an attached aquarium and invertebrate exhibit has an emphasis on primates such as bonobos and lemurs, and is active in preservational breeding of animals that are in danger of becoming extinct. In addition, in-the-wild conservation efforts and research focussing on animals of Madagascar, Wallacea, and Vietnam are actively promoted and supported via cooperation with Cologne University and local projects, such as in the case of Przewalski's Horses.

The zoo was founded in 1860. The world wars led to a phase of stagnation, and the zoo had to close for two years entirely, after virtually being destroyed in World War II. It reopened in 1947; the aquarium was added in 1971. In 1985, the large primate house, one of the main attractions, was opened. Today, the zoo also features a free-flight rainforest hall with free-ranging birds and reptiles opened in 2000, and as the latest addition a large elephant park.

Notable exhibits

Cologne Zoological Garden (Video)
  • Rainforest hall - since 2000
  • Asian Elephant park
  • Great Ape section
  • Meerkat paddock


  • Onager (Equus hemionus)
  • Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus)
  • European Otter (Lutra lutra)
  • Slender-tailed Meerkat (Suricata suricatta)
  • Raccoon(Procyon lotor)
  • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)
  • Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus)
  • Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis)
  • Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)
  • Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi)
  • Howler Monkey (Alouatta seniculus)
  • Golden-bellied Capuchin (Cebus xanthosternos)
  • Golden Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia)
  • Red-handed Tamarin (Saguinus midas)
  • Rock Cavy (Kerodon rupestris)
  • South American Tapir (Tapirus terrestris)
  • Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris)
  • Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica)
  • Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)
  • Okapi (Okapia johnstoni)
  • White-faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia)
  • Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas)
  • Grévy's Zebra (Equus grevyi)
  • Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor)
  • Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)
  • Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps)
  • Oriental Small-clawed Otter (Aonyx cinerea)
  • Rodrigues Fruit Bat (Pteropus rodricensis)
  • Lar Gibbon (Hylobates lar)
  • Matschie's Tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus matschiei)
  • Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
  • Mantled Guereza (Colobus guereza)
  • Red-shanked Douc (Pygathrix nemaeus)
  • Bonobo (Pan paniscus)
  • Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus)
  • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
  • Alpaca (Vicugna pacos)
  • Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
  • Siberian Mountain Weasel (Mustela sibirica)
  • California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)
  • Przewalski's Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii)
  • Saiga (Saiga tatarica) - until 2009
  • Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
  • Bactrian deer (Cervus elaphus bactrianus)
  • Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)
  • American Bison (Bison bison)
  • Muskox (Ovibos moschatus)
  • Impala (Aepyceros melampus)
  • Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)
  • Ring-tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans)
  • Greater Bamboo Lemur (Prolemur simus)
  • Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata)
  • Red Ruffed Lemur (Varecia rubra)
  • Sclater's Lemur (Eulemur flavifrons)
  • Red-bellied Lemur (Eulemur rubriventer)
  • Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)
  • Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius)
  • Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii)
  • Southern Pudu (Pudu puda)


  • Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus)
  • American Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
  • White Stork (Ciconia ciconia)
  • Yellow-billed Duck (Anas undulata)
  • Great White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
  • Ostrich (Struthio camelus)
  • Yellow-billed Stork (Mycteria ibis)
  • Green Turaco (Tauraco persa)
  • Victoria Crowned Pigeon (Goura victoria)
  • Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
  • Palm Cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus)
  • Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothschildi)
  • Papuan Lorikeet (Charmosyna papou)
  • Java Sparrow (Padda oryzivora)
  • Southern Screamer (Chauna torquata)
  • Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus)
  • Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta)
  • Marabou Stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus)
  • Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
  • Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
  • Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber)
  • Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja)
  • Common Crane (Grus grus)
  • Saddle-billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis)
  • Black Stork (Ciconia nigra)

+ many more smaller birds


European Endangered Species Programmes

Note that not all these species are present/on display at all times. Programmes marked bold are coordinated at Cologne Zoo. Less-endangered species may be kept to train for more endangered relatives.


  • Least Concern
    • Palm Cockatoo 1991-
  • Near threatened
    • Great Hornbill 1991-
  • Vulnerable
    • Congo Peafowl 1985-
    • Humboldt Penguin 1992-
    • Palawan Peacock-pheasant 1996-
  • Endangered
    • Red-crowned Crane 1987-
    • Vietnamese Pheasant 1994-
    • Pink Pigeon 1995-
    • Meller's Duck 1996-
  • Critical
    • Bali Mynah 1992-
  • Extinct in the wild
    • Socorro Dove 1996-


  • N/A
    • Tree-kangaroos 1987-
  • Least concern
    • Lesser Mouse Deer 1985-
    • Muskox 1985-
    • Somali Giraffe 1987-
    • White-faced Saki (nominate subspecies) 1994-
  • Near threatened
    • European Otter 1985-
    • Okapi 1985-
    • Goeldi's Marmoset 1989-
    • Maned Wolf 1989-
  • Conservation dependent
    • Vicuña 1985-
  • Vulnerable
    • Southern Pudu 1985-
    • Spectacled Bear 1987-
    • Cheetah 1992-
  • Endangered
    • Bonobo 1985-
    • Persian Leopard 1985-
    • Przewalski's Horse 1985-
    • Red Panda 1985-
    • Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur 1987-
    • Snow leopard 1987-
    • Western Lowland Gorilla 1987-
    • Bornean Orangutan 1989-
    • Cottontop Tamarin 1989-
    • Red-shanked Douc 1989-
    • Grevy's Zebra 1990-
    • Asian Elephant 1991-
    • Golden Lion Tamarin 1992-
    • Banteng 1993-
    • Golden-headed Lion Tamarin 1993-
  • Critical
    • Amur Tiger 1985-
    • Black Rhinoceros 1985-
    • Sumatran Tiger 1985-
    • Blue-eyed Black Lemur 1992-
    • Asiatic Lion 1994-
    • Rodrigues flying fox 1996-
    • Golden-bellied Capuchin
    • Persian Onager

(Current as of 2005-AUG-01: [1])

Gorillas in the 1960s

Dian Fossey detailed in Chapter Five of her book Gorillas in the Mist how in separate 1969 incidents, two baby gorillas were taken from their families for exhibits at the Cologne Zoological Garden, resulting in over 20 wild, endangered mountain gorillas being killed. Adult gorillas will fight to the death to protect an infant's life; therefore, to extract the infant gorillas, hired poachers killed two entire families, or troops.<ref name="great apes">Template:Cite book</ref> The zoo was able to bribe the wildlife park conservator by offering him compensation<ref name="great apes"/> including a free trip to Germany. Fossey herself nursed the infants, Coco and Pucker, back to health, before they were seized by the park conservator and shipped to the Cologne Zoo.<ref name="great apes"/> Coco and Pucker lived a short 10 years in captivity and then died within one month of each other at the Cologne Zoo.<ref name="great apes"/> Fossey became more determined after the incidents to combat poaching around her Karisoke Research Center.<ref name="great apes"/>


On August 25, 2012, a tiger escaped through an improperly shut gate and killed a female keeper, mauling and biting her, until the director of the facilities himself fatally shot the animal; some police work ensued in the area, and the zoo resumed its normal activities on that same day.



External links

Template:Commons category