Congress of Deputies (Spain)
The Spanish Congress of Representatives (Template:Lang-es) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. It has 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation in constituencies matching the Spanish provinces using the D'Hondt method. Congressmen serve four-year terms. The President of the Congress of Representatives is the analogue to a Speaker and presides over debates in Spain's lower chamber of parliament.
In the Congress, members of the Parliament from the political parties, or groups of parties, form parliamentary groups. Groups must be formed by, at least, 15 MPs, but a group can also be formed with only five MPs if the parties in it got, at least, 5% of the nationwide vote, or 15% of the votes in the constituencies they run for seats.
The MPs belonging to parties who cannot create their own parliamentary group shall form the Mixed Group. The composition of the 10th term Congress is:
|Popular Group (People's Party)||Mariano Rajoy (PM)||Alfonso Alonso||185|
|Socialist Group (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party)||Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (LO)||Soraya Rodríguez||110|
|Catalan Group (Convergence and Union)||Josep A. Duran i Lleida||16|
|Plural Left Group: United Left (8), ICV (2), CHA (1)||Cayo Lara||11|
|Union, Progress and Democracy Group: Union, Progress and Democracy (5)||Rosa Díez||5|
|Basque Group (Basque Nationalist Party)||Aitor Esteban||5|
|Mixed Group, composed by: Amaiur (7), ERC (3), BNG (2), CC (2), Compromís (1), Foro Asturias (1), GBai (1), UPN (1)||none||Mikel Errekondo (Amaiur)||18|
Elections to the Congress were held on 20 November 2011.
The building, Congreso de los Diputados, has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narcisco Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850. It sits by the Carrera de San Jerónimo, in Madrid. The relief on the facade by sculptor Ponciano Ponzano centers on a sculpture of Spain embracing the constitutional state, represented by a woman with her arm around a young girl. Surrounding the pair are figures that represent in allegorical form Justice and Peace, Science, Agriculture, Fine Arts, Navigation, Industry, Commerce and so on. Ponzano also executed two bronze lions for the building's access stairway in a more realistic manner.<ref name=EnciclopediaAragonesa>Template:Cite web</ref> Template:-
- Canal Parlamento
- List of Presidents of the Congress of Deputies of Spain
- 2010 Spanish Labor Reform
<references/> Template:Spanish electoral districts