Castra Cumidava was a fort in the Roman province of Dacia. It is located at 4 km northwest of the city Râ?nov, at the common border with the city of Vulcan. The archaeological site is located on the middle terrace of Bârsa River. It includes a defensive line of about 2 hectares.
The inscription found in the fort testifies about a Roman cohort of Vindelici who had taken the name Cumidava (Komidava of Ptolemy) from its place of cantonment.<ref name="France. 1968"/> The fact that the Romans preserved the Dacian name is quite suggestive.Template:ClarifyTemplate:SfnTemplate:Full The native Geto-Dacian population,Template:Dubious which became the basis for a new civilization, lent its specific characteristics, while the Latin-speaking colonists introduced Roman traits.Template:SfnTemplate:Full
The relatively small castrum (110 m x 114 m) belonged administratively to the Dacia Apulensis. It was continuously used by only two cohorts Vindelicorum Cumidavensis (cohors VI and cohors VI Nova).
An inscription from 3rd century AD dedicated to Iulia Mamea was found here: <ref name="pintinlie">Template:Cite web</ref>
- Iuliae Mameae augustae matri Domini nostri sanctissimi Imperatoris Caesaris Severi Alexandi augusti et castrorum senatusque cohors Vindelicorum Piae fidelis Cumidavensis Alexandrianae ex quaestura sua dedicante la sdio Dominatio legato augusti III Daciarum.<ref name="pintinlie"/>
- List of castra
ro:Castrul roman Cumidava