Düsseldorf Airport (Template:Lang-de; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; Template:Airport codes) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia. It is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport,<ref name=advpax/> handling 20.8 million passengers in 2012 and serves as a hub for Air Berlin and Lufthansa including Lufthansa Regional. The airport is located approximately Template:Convert north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some Template:Convert south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.
- 1 The airport
- 2 History
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Other facilities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region — the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world. The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a Template:Convert radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact Template:Convert of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.
With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010,<ref name=advpax/> the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 20th busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.<ref name=advpax/> Düsseldorf has two runways, which are Template:Convert and Template:Convert long. There are plans to extend the Template:Convert runway to Template:Convert, but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway.
107 aircraft parking positions are available. The current terminal building is capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.
Düsseldorf Airport is able to handle the Airbus A380. On 12 November 2006, the first A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a promotion flight of Lufthansa.
Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building.
Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Lufthansa Regional, its airline partners (Cirrus Airlines) and Star Alliance members (Aegean Airlines, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, EgyptAir, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Airlines). Terminal A houses a Lufthansa Business Lounge and a Lufthansa Senator Lounge. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after a 1996 fire.
Terminal B was opened in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used mainly for domestic and EU-flights by Air Berlin and SkyTeam and Oneworld members (British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, Air France, and Czech Airlines). Also located within the terminal are charter carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.
Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines. These are long-haul flights – among others – by Air Berlin, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airlines, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years.
Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.
Since 2003, an area of Template:Convert south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of Template:Convert to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some Template:Convert).
Düsseldorf International is a public–private partnership with the following owners:
- 50% city of Düsseldorf
- 50% Airport Partners GmbH (Ownership of Airport Partners GmbH: 40% Hochtief AirPort GmbH, 20% Hochtief AirPort Capital KGaA, 40% Dublin Airport Authority plc (through its wholly owned subsidiary Aer Rianta International cpt))
The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about Template:Convert south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the start of the Second World War civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.
At the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to London Northolt. In 1950 the main runway was extended to 2475 metres.
In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was lengthened to 3000 metres.
In 1973 the new central building and the Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started operation. Terminal A was opened in 1977.
In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany. By 1992 when a second runway was built 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.
The Düsseldorf Airport fire which has been the worst structural airport fire worldwide yet was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area and insufficient structural fire protection. It broke out on 11 April 1996 and destroyed several parts of the passenger areas of the airport. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. 17 people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia.
While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents. In November Terminal C was completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began.
The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.
The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost was reopened.
In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the Template:Convert between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of Template:Convert. The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.
In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.
Airlines and destinations
|Number of Passengers<ref name="stats">Number of Passengers including both domestic and international.</ref>||Number of Movements|| Freight |
|Source: ADV German Airports Association|
|1||Template:Flagicon Munich, Germany||1,551,503||Air Berlin, Lufthansa|
|2||Template:Flagicon Berlin-Tegel||1,012,231||Air Berlin, Eurowings, Lufthansa, Lufthansa CityLine|
|3||Template:Flagicon Palma de Mallorca, Spain||984,987||Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly|
|4||Template:Flagicon Antalya, Turkey||855,818||Air Berlin, Condor, Germania, German Sky Airlines, Lufthansa, Pegasus Airlines, Sky Airlines, SunExpress, TUIfly, XL Airways Germany|
|5||Template:Flagicon London (all), United Kingdom||852,981||Air Berlin, British Airways, EasyJet, Lufthansa|
Template:Düsseldorf Airport rail services Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations - one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The Düsseldorf Airport railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.
A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the parking areas and the passenger terminals and also serves as an inter-terminal connection.
The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which part of the motorway A44 (Belgium - Kassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well.
- Düsseldorf Airport has the headquarters of Air Berlins technical training facilities and also serves as one of their maintenance bases.
- When LTU International existed, its head office was in Halle 8 at Düsseldorf Airport.
- The corporate head office Blue Wings was also located in Terminal A at the airport.
- Transport in Germany
- List of airports in Germany
- Weeze Airport, an airport Template:Convert north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside of Germany.