Debden, Epping Forest
Template:Distinguish Template:Infobox UK place Debden is a suburb in the civil parish of Loughton, in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. It takes its name from the ancient manor of Debden, which lay at its northern end. The area is predominantly residential, but is also the location of Epping Forest College, East 15 Acting School and the De La Rue printing works.<ref name=urban>Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref> It forms part of the Greater London Urban AreaTemplate:Citation needed and is one of a limited number of places outside Greater London to be served by the London Underground.
The name (Deppendana in the Domesday Book) is derived from the Old English dep, 'deep' and den, 'valley'.
Debden originated as a manor of Template:Convert in the Ongar hundred of Essex. The manor became the property of Waltham Abbey in 1086. By about 1254 the manor of Loughton had absorbed Debden. Following the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1540 the manor passed to the king and later to private owners.
In 1944 John Maitland sold Template:Convert of land to the London County Council for the building of a housing estate.<ref name=loughton>Template:Cite web</ref> The Debden Estate was constructed between 1947 and 1952.<ref name=urban/> Because of post-war restrictions on building, a supermarket could not be opened until 1952.<ref name=docklands>Template:Cite web</ref>
Debden station on the London Underground is a renaming (1949)<ref name=rose>Template:Cite book</ref> of the Chigwell Lane railway station, which was originally opened on the Eastern Counties Railway in 1865.
There is considerable light industry, including the De La Rue print works, which prints Bank of England banknotes. In 2005, Higgins Group PLC moved its headquarters to Debden, and, in 2008, Amstrad announced its intention to move the group HQ to Debden from Brentwood. A new HQ is currently (2012) under construction nearer the centre of Loughton. The Broadway is one of Loughton's two main shopping centres and forms an architecturally important parade consisting mainly of family-run shops together with a small weekly market.<ref name=urban/>
The area is served by Debden tube station on the Central line of the London Underground.
Debden is located next to the M11 motorway, about Template:Convert from its junction with the M25 motorway.<ref name=urban/> The local motorway junction has restricted access: drivers cannot enter the M11 northbound or exit it southbound. These restrictions are designed to prevent congestion on the local road network. Motorway trafiic must instead flow to and from the North Circular road.
There are many bus routes in Debden, which are either London Buses routes, commercial routes or Essex County Council contract routes. London Buses routes 20, 167 and 397 serve destinations south of Debden such as Ilford, Chingford, South Woodford and Walthamstow. Services operating to destinations north and east of Debden are either commercial services or services under contract to Essex County Council. Destinations include Epping, Harlow, Romford, Theydon Bois, Abridge, Waltham Abbey and Waltham Cross.
Sport, culture and politics
The local Debden Sports Club, founded in 1948, includes a football team that competes in local leagues.<ref name=sports>Template:Cite web</ref> There is an annual Debden Day celebration.<ref name=day>Template:Cite web Template:Dead link</ref> Debden is the location of The British Postal Museum Store.<ref name=postal>Template:Cite web</ref> Debden Community Association was founded circa 1950 and formerly had premises at Loughton Hall and on land owned by Epping Forest College. Most council seats in Debden were held until 2004 by the Labour Party. Then a swing to the British National Party occurred, but the BNP lost its last seat to the Loughton Residents Association in 2012. See main article Politics of Loughton.
- Loughton incinerator thefts