Dona i Ocell

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Dona i Ocell (Template:Lang-en) is a 22-metre high sculpture by Joan Miró located in the Parc Joan Miró in Barcelona, Catalonia. The sculpture was covered in tiles by the artist's collaborator Joan Gardy Artigas.<ref name=org>Template:Cite web</ref> The sculpture is part of an artwork trilogy commissioned from Miró to welcome visitors to Barcelona.

Background

The concrete sculpture was formally opened in 1982<ref name=mink>Template:Cite book</ref> or 1983 (sources vary) and it was one of Joan Miró's last large sculptures which he constructed with the help of his friend and collaborator Joan Gardy Artigas.<ref name=artigas>Template:Cite web</ref> Miró was not able to attend the opening as he was too ill and he died less than a year later.

It was Miró's design but Artigas was responsible for adding the tiles as he had done for Miró's earlier mural in Ludwigshafen, Germany. Dona i Ocell was part a publicly commissioned trilogy that was intended to welcome visitors to Barcelona as they arrived by the sea, from the air or in this case by land. Miró had been born in the city in 1893<ref name=parc/> and he was a champion for Catalonian culture. Car passengers that arrive in Barcelona can see the strong colours of the tiles which are indicative of Miró's style. This work was the last of the three sculptures that welcomed Barcelona's tourists. The first was at the airport and it was commissioned in 1968. The intermediate work was a large mosaic in La Rambla in Barcelona.<ref name=bryant34>Template:Cite web</ref>

Description

The work uses some of Miró's recurring themes of women and birds. In Catalan the word for a "bird" is a term for a penis. This is reflected in the phallic shape of the main form<ref name=simonis>Template:Cite book</ref> which has a hole through the glans. The sculpture is decorated in primary colours and it has a vulva shaped split down the side of the shaft which is lined with blackish tiles.<ref name=hersey>Template:Cite book</ref> The idea for the sculpture is not new and examples of placing vulva on a model penis and a hole in the glans have been found on Roman sculpture from the second or third century.<ref name=simonis/>

The park

thumb The park where the sculpture is installed covers four blocks of the Barcelona road grid near the Plaça d'Espanya. The park is a popular area to relax.<ref name=bryant>Template:Cite book</ref> The park which is on one side of the road Carrer de Tarragona is also known as Parc de l'Escorxador which translates as Slaughterhouse Park as this was the previous use for the site.<ref name=parc>Template:Cite web</ref>

The park is divided into two distinct areas. The lower area contains plants which includes flowers as well as eucalyptus, pine and palm trees. The higher area is paved and has an artificial lake from which the sculpture rises at one corner.<ref name=parc/>

References

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