East Clandon

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Template:Infobox UK place East Clandon is a village and civil parish in Surrey, England bisected by the A246 between the towns of Guildford to the west and Leatherhead to the east. Neighbouring villages include West Clandon and West Horsley.

In 2011 it had a population of 268 in 109 households clustered around three buildings, the church of St Thomas of Canterbury, The Queen's Head pub and the village hall. Centred Template:Convert east of Guildford in the county of Surrey, the parish landscape includes a large farm and Hatchlands Park, a similar but National Trust estate and including a great mansion, which replaced the manor house. Other than homes, arable and livestock farmland are woodlands along the North Downs and a golf course in East Clandon.


Early history

The word Clandon (first recorded as Clanedune) goes back to Anglo-Saxon times meaning "clean down" thus "open downland" from the North Downs hills that rise above the village in the south. People settled here due to the availability of water that emerged where the high chalk downs meet the lower lying clay from the north of the parish onwards.

Chertsey Abbey, a Benedictine foundation, was patron of East Clandon from the Norman Conquest of 1066 to the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1539. East Clandon appears in Domesday Book as Clanedun. It was held by Chertsey Abbey. Its assets were then: 4 hides; 7 ploughs, woodland worth 6 hogs. It rendered £6 per year to its overlords. In old documents the village is also often referred to in old documents as Clandon Abbatis (meaning Abbot's Clandon). It church was built in the 12th and 13th centuries and is in the highest category of listed building (grade I), the main addition to it has been a bell tower added in 1900.

In 1544 Henry VIII granted East Clandon Manor to Sir Anthony Browne. The manor itself, which is thought to have been placed close to where Hatchlands Park now is, was moated since times of unrest in the early 14th century. The house and with that the village changed hands many times during the next two hundred years.

The oldest houses in the village, Frogmore Cottage, Lamp Cottage, Old Manor Farm, Tunmore Cottage among others, had already been built when the London brewer John Raymond sold the Hatchlands Park estate to Admiral Boscawen in 1749. The present Hatchlands House was built for him with the help of prize money from his victory over the French and it was completed in 1758 only three years before the Admiral died.

1761 to present

From 1768 the Sumner family owned the [Hatchlands estate until it went to auction in 1888 and was bought by Lord Rendel. In 1913 his eldest daughter's son Captain Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel inherited the estate in trust. The captain was a professional architect and took a great interest in the village and its inhabitants. According to the writings of Maurice Wiggin, Goodhart-Rendel was a tall, spare, upright figure making his daily round in the village dressed in his grey tweed suit and soft brown trilby shouting to his dogs in a real Grenadier's voice. Every Christmastime this 'squire' gave a children's tea party at Hatchlands complete with Christmas tree and gifts for all comers. Christmas carol concerts are still held at Hatchlands for villagers today.

Several houses in the village were built to his drawings including Antler's Corner, Appletree Cottage, Meadow Cottage and 5 School Lane (1910), Prospect Cottages (1914), Snelgate Cottages (1926) and the St Thomas' Housing Society Cottages (1947).

In 1945 the Hatchlands house, park and some land were given to the National Trust. When Captain Goodhart-Rendel died in 1959 the estate passed into the hands of two relatives, a split he regarded with misgivings. Late 20th century owners, the Dunne-Ritche estate, sold most houses around 1970, but a few still remain in their possession.

The popular TV series Catweazle was shot in East Clandon (on Home Farm), West Horsley and the surrounding area in the summer of 1969. Home Farm still hosts the annual Hexwood Summer Fete.

Demography and housing

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households

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(Civil Parish) 47 49 11 2 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares<ref name=ons/>
(Civil Parish) 268 109 46.8& 27.5% 586<ref name=ons/>

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).



Further reading

External links

Template:Commons category