Edgware tube station

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Use British English Template:About Template:Infobox London station Edgware tube station is a London Underground station in Edgware, in the London Borough of Barnet, in North London. The station is the terminus of the Edgware branch of the Northern Line and the next station towards central London is Template:LUL stations. Edgware is in Travelcard Zone 5.

Location

The station is in Station Road, Edgware (part of the A5100). This road runs north-east from the High Street (A5), and the station is about 500 metres from the A5 on the right (south-east) side. The building is set back from the road, and there is a circular service road between the building and the road to allow cars to pull in and pick up or set down.

Just to the right of the station, viewed from Station Road, is a road to the bus station and bus garage.

History

The station was opened on 18 August 1924 as the terminus of the second phase of the Underground Group's extension of the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway from Template:LUL stations. It was designed by architect Stanley Heaps. There are three platforms, an island lying east of a single platform (platform 1). A trainshed covers the island platforms (2 and 3).

Despite having already had a railway station since 1867 (Edgware station on the London and North Eastern Railway), Edgware was, in 1924, still very much a village in character. The new Underground station was built on the north edge of the village in open fields and, as intended, the new line stimulated rapid suburban expansion along its length. By the end of the decade, what had formerly been fields was quickly being covered with new housing.

The site of the station is very close to the location intended for the unbuilt Watford and Edgware Railway's (W&ER's) station, which was intended to be built on a branch from the existing single-track LNER branch before the terminus and run through to Watford Junction via Bushey.

New Works Programme

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Planned Bushey Heath extension
File:Extract of 1930 map of Edgware.png
Map of Edgware from 1930 showing the Underground station (top) and LNER station (bottom) with its branch line heading east.

In 1935 London Underground announced its New Works Programme. This had major implications for Edgware Underground station and the Morden-Edgware Line (as the Northern Line was then known):

  • A group of LNER lines in north London (the Northern Heights lines) including the branch from Finchley to Edgware would be taken over by London Underground and amalgamated with the Morden-Edgware Line.
  • The existing Underground line would be extended north-west from Edgware by 5 kilometres to a new terminus at Bushey Heath and a depot at Aldenham. The extension to Bushey Heath involved three new stations (from south-east to north-west):

The powers to build a railway on this alignment had originally been obtained by the W&ER in the 19th century. The London Electric Railway had bought the W&ER in 1922 but had not previously used the right-of-way. The Underground's scheme modified the W&ER's plan to connect to the LNER branch by starting the extension from the Morden-Edgware Line station instead. The scheme involved the closure of the LNER station 200 metres south of the Underground station and retained the W&ER's connection to the LNER's single track line from where it passed over the Underground's tracks just to the east of the station and into new platforms to be built in the Underground station.

The new link at Edgware and others between LNER and Underground tracks near Template:LUL stations station and at Template:LUL stations would have made it theoretically possible to travel south from Edgware to central London via three routes:

Postponement and cancellation

File:Bushey Heath Extension Mockup.png
How Edgware might have appeared on the London Underground Map today if the extensions to Bushey Heath and Mill Hill East had been constructed

Works to upgrade the existing LNER lines and construction on the new line to Bushey Heath began in the late 1930s but were halted by the outbreak of the Second World War. Additional platforms were started at Edgware and the LNER station and branch line was closed to passenger traffic in 1939 in preparation for the improvements. On the new extension, some earthworks and tunnelling had been undertaken and some structures had been constructed but no further work was done during the war.

The Metropolitan Green Belt was introduced to limit the outward expension of London into the surrounding countryside. The area through which the new Bushey Heath extension was routed was designated as green belt meaning that the planned residential developments were prevented and the need for the stations serving them was removed.

Edgware LNER station was never reopened for passengers although freight traffic used the line until the 1960s. The improvements on the branch to Finchley were completed only between Mill Hill East and Finchley Central and only that short section was incorporated into the Northern Line (as it had been renamed in the late 1930s). The completion of the plans were formally cancelled in 1950.

Accident

On 27 July 1946, an accident occurred at Edgware when the driver (James Lofting) of a northbound train suffered a heart attack while entering the station. The train did not stop within the area of the platform, and struck the buffers at approximately 5 mph. No passengers were seriously injured, but Lofting died as a result of his heart failure before he could be removed from the wreckage. It appeared from the condition of the controls that Lofting had disabled the deadman's handle while the train was still moving. The circumstances of this accident were similar to those of the Moorgate tube crash of 1975.

Modernisation

Tube Lines has carried out work to modernise the station, including the fitting of lifts to enable step-free access to and from the station platforms, and installing wider CCTV coverage and more help points. The work started in the summer of 2008, and was not expected to be completed until May 2009; the lifts themselves went into service in April 2009.

Station Information

Buses

These are the bus routes that serve nearby:

Route Start End Operator
32 Edgware Kilburn Park Metroline
79 Edgware Alperton Metroline
107 Edgware New Barnet Metroline
113 Edgware Marble Arch Metroline
142 Brent Cross Watford Junction Arriva Shires & Essex
186 Northwick Park Hospital Brent Cross Metroline
204 Edgware Sudbury Metroline
221 Edgware Turnpike Lane Station Arriva London
240 Edgware Golders Green Metroline
251 Edgware Arnos Grove London Sovereign
288 Broadfields Estate Queensbury Arriva Shires & Essex
292 Borehamwood Colindale London Sovereign
303 Edgware Colindale Arriva Shires & Essex
305 Edgware Kingsbury Arriva Shires & Essex
340 Edgware Harrow Arriva Shires & Essex
606 Queensbury Ravenscroft School Metroline
642 West Hendon Stanmore Arriva Shires & Essex
688 Southgate Kingsbury JFS Sullivan Buses
N5 Edgware Trafalgar Square Metroline
N16 Edgware Victoria Metroline
N113 Edgware Trafalgar Square Metroline
614 (A non TFL route) Hatfield Queensbury Uno
644 (A non TFL route) Hatfield Wembley Park Uno

See also

  • Edgware, Highgate and London Railway for a history of the Northern Heights lines.

References

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External links

Gallery

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