Ernst Busch Academy of Dramatic Arts

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The Ernst Busch Academy of Dramatic Arts (Hochschule für Schauspielkunst „Ernst Busch“, HFS), based in the Niederschöneweide district of Berlin, Germany, was founded in 1951 as the National Theatre School in Berlin with the status of college. In 1981 it was granted university status, and a year later was renamed after the singer and actor Ernst Busch.

History

The roots of the university go back to the Max Reinhardt drama school established in 1905 at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin. As was usual at that time, it was a private institution. The first training facility was the ground floor of the Palais Wesendonkschen, In den Zelten 21, where Reinhardt lived, near the Reichstag.

Reinhardt emigrated in 1933 and the Nazis usurped the theatre along with the acting school. The director of the Deutsches Theater, Heinz Hilpert, secured subsidies for the first time in the school's history, but struggled to keep the school open. His work has been considered comparable to that of Gustaf Gründgens. After 1945, Boleslaw Barlog was rebuilding the theater world in West Berlin; Gustav von Wangenheim, returned from exile in Russia, became director of the Deutsches Theater, shortly followed by Wolfgang Langhoff who held the position for many years. Teaching was resumed from July 1946, subsidized by the city of Berlin. After the currency reform of 1948, the school used rooms of the destroyed Schiller Theater in the west of the city.

State Drama School

Berlin's State Drama School was legally and conceptually founded in September 1951 as a public sector body. In a conscious departure from previous practice the somewhat remote training center known as the Old Boat House in Niederschöneweide was chosen. The new building was started in 1979 and completed in 1981. During this time the school was in a school building in Marzahn. Major teachers were Rudolf Penka and Kurt Veth (both directors of the school), Wolfgang Engel, Thomas Langhoff, Ursula Karusseit, Hans-Georg Simmgen, Jutta Hoffmann; others included dance teacher Hilde Buchenwald and, as a speech trainer, the professional poet Karl Mickel. In the GDR, the school was considered a hotbed of talent.

The Academy today

About 90 students are enrolled at the Drama School in drama, puppetry, directing and dance. The university uses the Berlin Workers' Theatre as a venue. Every year about 15 productions are staged. The Ernst Busch Academy of Dramatic Arts Berlin is a member institution of the Permanent Conference of acting training (SKS).

In 2004 the university won the Berlin Art Prize and became widely known due to the long-term documentary Addicted to Acting by Andres Veiel (1997–2004). A political storm arose in June 2005 over the appointment of sociologist Wolfgang Engler as Rector of the university. He succeeded Klaus Völker, who had led the school since 1993. The school was awarded the 2010 "Film Culture Award in Mannheim-Heidelberg", which the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg awards to companies, institutions and individuals who have rendered outstanding service continuously over many years to film culture in Germany.

Template:As of the Academy is relocating to the former theatre workshops of Berlin, with purpose-built conversions and extensions of the building.

Notable alumni

Reinhardt's students from 1905–33 included:

  • Gerhard Bienert
  • Alfred Braun
  • Gisela von Collande
  • Paul Dahlke
  • Ilse Davidsohn
  • Marlene Dietrich
  • Friedrich Domin
  • Berta Drews
  • Carl Ebert
  • Paul Graetz
  • Alexander Granach
  • O. E. Hasse
  • Werner Hinz
  • Marianne Hoppe
  • Gerda Müller
  • Renate Müller
  • Eberhard Müller-Elmau
  • Lothar Müthel
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • Alice Treff
  • Otto Wallburg
  • Herwig Walter
  • Adolf Wohlbrück

Graduates from 1933–50 included:

  • Gerhard Meyer
  • Irma Münch
  • Wilhelm Koch-Hooge
  • Herbert Köfer
  • Hans-Joachim Kulenkampff

Notable alumni since 1951 include:

  • Doris Abeßer
  • Boris Aljinovic
  • Prodromos Antoniadis
  • Sólveig Arnarsdóttir
  • Bernhard Baier
  • Constanze Becker
  • Eckehard Becker
  • Uwe Dag Berlin
  • Pierre Besson
  • Hermann Beyer
  • Ludwig Blochberger
  • Lutz Blochberger
  • Kirsten Block
  • Renate Blume
  • Jens-Uwe Bogadtke
  • Marita Böhme
  • Claudia Bosse
  • Jan Bosse
  • Margarita Breitkreiz
  • Angela Brunner
  • August Diehl
  • Manfred Dietrich
  • Peter Dommisch
  • Hilmar Eichhorn
  • Lars Eidinger
  • Alexander Fehling
  • Alexandra Finder
  • Catherine Flemming
  • Susanne Gärtner
  • Max Giermann
  • Rainer Gohde
  • Angelika Gorges
  • Jürgen Gosch
  • Christian Grashof
  • Rainald Grebe
  • Jenny Gröllmann
  • Sylvester Groth
  • Marie Gruber
  • Jörg Gudzuhn
  • Michael Gwisdek
  • Gabriele Gysi
  • Gerhard Haase-Hindenberg
  • Fritzi Haberlandt
  • Lisa Hagmeister
  • Helga Hahnemann
  • Corinna Harfouch
  • Petra Hartung
  • Janina Hartwig
  • Leander Haußmann
  • Klaus Hecke
  • Reiner Heise
  • Jürgen Hentsch
  • Günter Herbrich
  • Karoline Herfurth
  • Jürgen Hilbrecht
  • Siegfried Höchst
  • Alwara Höfels
  • Jens Hoffmann
  • Nina Hoss
  • Henry Hübchen
  • Charly Hübner
  • Sandra Hüller
  • Alexander Iljinskij
  • Rebecca Immanuel
  • Florian Jahr
  • Julia Jentsch
  • Manfred Karge
  • Lusako Karonga
  • Ursula Karusseit
  • Deborah Kaufmann
  • Michael Kind
  • Felix Klare
  • Klaus-Dieter Klebsch
  • Gerit Kling
  • Jörg Knochée
  • Valerie Koch
  • Uwe Kockisch
  • Niklas Kohrt
  • Dieter Korthals
  • Horst Krause
  • Malte Kreutzfeldt
  • Renate Krößner
  • Ulrike Krumbiegel
  • Steffi Kühnert
  • Bernd Michael Lade
  • Ole Lagerpusch
  • Adele Landauer
  • Alexander Lang
  • Lena Lauzemis
  • Sven Lehmann
  • Gisela Leipert
  • Jan Josef Liefers
  • Stefan Lisewski
  • Dieter Mann
  • Dagmar Manzel
  • René Marik
  • Annika Martens
  • Florian Martens
  • Sven Martinek
  • Wilfried Mattukat
  • Marlene Meyer-Dunker
  • Torsten Michaelis
  • Claudia Michelsen
  • Daniel Minetti
  • Mareile Bettina Moeller
  • Friedrich Mücke
  • Wolfgang Müller-Dhein
  • Thomas Neumann
  • Joachim Nimtz
  • Thomas Ostermeier
  • Wera Paintner
  • Michael Pan
  • Armin Petras
  • Franziska Petri
  • Walter Plathe
  • Hans-Peter Reinecke
  • Ragna Pitoll
  • Antu Romero Nunes
  • André Rößler
  • Thomas Rühmann
  • Pierre Sanoussi-Bliss
  • Wolfram Scheller
  • Jenny Schily
  • Cornelia Schmaus
  • Gabriela Maria Schmeide
  • Christine Schorn
  • Uta Schorn
  • Hartmut Schreier
  • Götz Schubert
  • Sebastian Schwarz
  • Edda Schwarzkopf
  • Maria Simon
  • Susanna Simon
  • Jan Spitzer
  • Ursula Staack
  • Bernd Stegemann
  • René Steinke
  • Devid Striesow
  • Lutz Stückrath
  • Klaus-Peter Thiele
  • Thomas Thieme
  • Simone Thomalla
  • Jördis Triebel
  • Valery Tscheplanowa
  • Matthias Walter
  • Maria Wagner
  • Mark Waschke
  • Heidemarie Wenzel
  • Ursula Werner
  • Ingeborg Westphal
  • Ronald Zehrfeld

Manfred Krug and Jens Hoffmann enrolled but did not complete the full training.

References

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Further reading

  • Steve Earnest, The state acting academy of East Berlin: a history of actor training from Max Reinhart's [sic] Schauspielschule to the Hochschule für Schauspielkunst "Ernst Busch", Edwin Mellen Press, 1999. ISBN 0-7734-7916-3

External links

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