Eurovision Song Contest 1968

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Template:Infobox Eurovision

The Eurovision Song Contest 1968 was the 13th Eurovision Song Contest. The contest was won by the Spanish song "La, la, la", performed by Massiel. Originally Spain entered Joan Manuel Serrat to sing "La La La", but his demand to sing in Catalan was an affront to Francoist Spain. Serrat was withdrawn and replaced by Massiel, who sang the same song in Spanish.<ref name=ESC1968>Template:Cite web</ref>

Location

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File:Royal Albert Hall, London - Nov 2012.jpg
Royal Albert Hall, London. Host venue of the 1968 Eurovision Song Contest.

Located on the River Thames, London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the Europe by most measures. London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.<ref name=london_001>Template:Cite web</ref>

The 1968 venue was the Royal Albert Hall, a concert hall situated on the northern edge of the South Kensington area, in the City of Westminster, London, England, best known for holding the annual summer Proms concerts since 1941.

Since its opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world's leading artists from several performance genres have appeared on its stage and it has become one of the UK's most treasured and distinctive buildings. Each year it hosts more than 350 events including classical concerts, rock and pop, ballet and opera, sports, award ceremonies, school and community events, charity performances and banquets.

The hall was originally supposed to have been called The Central Hall of Arts and Sciences, but the name was changed by Queen Victoria to Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences when laying the foundation stone as a dedication to her deceased husband and consort Prince Albert. It forms the practical part of a national memorial to the Prince Consort – the decorative part is the Albert Memorial directly to the north in Kensington Gardens, now separated from the Hall by the road Kensington Gore.

Format

1968 was the first time that the Eurovision Song Contest was broadcast in colour. The countries that broadcast it in colour were France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Sweden; in the United Kingdom it was broadcast as an encore presentation on BBC Two the next day. Also all of Eastern Europe and Tunisia broadcast the contest. Katie Boyle hosted the contest for a third time.<ref name=ESC1968/>

Vote rigging allegations

In May 2008, a documentary by Spanish film-maker Montse Fernández Villa, 1968. Yo viví el mayo español, centred on the effects of May 1968 in Francoist Spain, and alleged that the 1968 Eurovision Song Contest was rigged by the Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, who would have sent state television officials across Europe offering cash and promising to buy television series and contract unknown artists. The allegation was based on a testimony by journalist José María Íñigo, a TVE employee at the time, who claimed the rigging was common knowledge and suggested that Spanish record label representatives offered to release albums by Bulgarian and Czech artists (neither Bulgaria nor Czechoslovakia were members of the European Broadcasting Union at the time).

The documentary claimed that the contest should in fact have been won by the United Kingdom's entry – "Congratulations" performed by Cliff Richard – which finished second by one vote. Massiel, the performer of the winning entry, was outraged by the allegations, and claimed that if there had been fixes, "other singers, who were more keen on Franco's regime, would have benefited". José María Iñigo, author of the statement in the documentary, personally apologized to Massiel and said that he had repeated a widespread rumour. Both Massiel and Iñigo accused television channel La Sexta, broadcaster of the documentary, of manufacturing the scandal.

Participating countries

Template:Further There were no withdrawing, returning, or débutantes in the 1968 contest.<ref name=ESC1968/>

Conductors

Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.<ref name=Conductors>Template:Cite web</ref>

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Returning artists

Only one artist returned in this year's contest. The winner of the 1962 contest, Isabelle Aubret, returned once more for France.<ref name=ESC1968/>

Results

Draw Country Language Artist Song English translation Place Votes
01 Template:Esc Portuguese Carlos Mendes "Verão" Summer 11 5
02 Template:Esc Dutch Ronnie Tober "Morgen" Tomorrow 16 1
03 Template:Esc French Claude Lombard "Quand tu reviendras" When you come back 7 8
04 Template:Esc German Karel Gott "Tausend Fenster" One thousand windows 13 2
05 Template:Esc French Chris Baldo & Sophie Garel "Nous vivrons d'amour" We will live by love 11 5
06 Template:Esc Italian Gianni Mascolo "Guardando il sole" Looking into the sun 13 2
07 Template:Esc French Line & Willy "À chacun sa chanson" To everyone his song 7 8
08 Template:Esc Swedish Claes-Göran Hederström "Det börjar verka kärlek, banne mej" It's beginning to look like love, damn it 5 15
09 Template:Esc Finnish Kristina Hautala "Kun kello käy" When time goes by 16 1
10 Template:Esc French Isabelle Aubret "La source" The source 3 20
11 Template:Esc Italian Sergio Endrigo "Marianne" 10 7
12 Template:Esc English Cliff Richard "Congratulations" 2 28
13 Template:Esc Norwegian Odd Børre "Stress" 13 2
14 Template:Esc English Pat McGuigan "Chance of a Lifetime" 4 18
15 Template:Esc Spanish Massiel "La, la, la" 1 29
16 Template:Esc German Wenche Myhre "Ein Hoch der Liebe" A toast to love 6 11
17 Template:Esc Croatian Dubrova?ki trubaduri "Jedan dan" One day 7 8

Scoreboard

Results
Total Score Portugal Netherlands Belgium Austria Luxembourg Switzerland Monaco Sweden Finland France Italy United Kingdom Norway Ireland Spain Germany Yugoslavia
Contestants Portugal 5 2 3
Netherlands 1 1
Belgium 8 1 1 1 3 1 1
Austria 2 2
Luxembourg 5 1 1 1 1 1
Switzerland 2 2
Monaco 8 2 1 3 1 1
Sweden 15 1 1 1 2 6 4
Finland 1 1
France 20 3 6 2 3 3 1 2
Italy 7 1 2 2 2
United Kingdom 28 1 2 2 1 4 5 3 2 4 1 1 2
Norway 2 1 1
Ireland 18 1 1 1 4 1 4 6
Spain 29 4 2 1 4 3 4 3 1 1 6
Germany 11 1 1 2 5 2
Yugoslavia 8 1 1 1 1 3 1

International broadcasts and voting

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1968 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.<ref name=ESC1968/>

Voting order Country Spokespersons Commentator Broadcaster
01 Template:Esc Maria Manuela Furtado Fialho Gouveia RTP
02 Template:Esc Willem Duys Elles Berger Nederland 1
03 Template:Esc André Hagon Janine Lambotte RTB)
Herman Verelst BRT
04 Template:Esc TBC Emil Kollpacher ORF
05 Template:Esc TBC Jacques Navadic Télé-Luxembourg
06 Template:Esc Alexandre Burger Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR)
Giovanni Bertini TSI
07 Template:Esc TBC Pierre Tchernia Télé Monte Carlo
08 Template:Esc Edvard Matz Christina Hansegård Sveriges Radio-TV
09 Template:Esc Poppe Berg Aarno Walli TV-ohjelma 1
10 Template:Esc TBC Pierre Tchernia Première Chaîne ORTF
11 Template:Esc Mike Bongiorno Renato Tagliani Secondo Programma
12 Template:Esc Michael Aspel No commentator BBC1
Pete Murray BBC Radio 1
13 Template:Esc Sverre Christophersen<ref name="Dyrseth, Seppo OGAE Norway">Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)</ref> Roald Øyen NRK<ref name="Dyrseth, Seppo OGAE Norway"/>
14 Template:Esc Gay Byrne Brendan O'Reilly RTÉ Television
Kevin Roche Radio Éireann
15 Template:Esc Joaquín Prat Federico Gallo TVE1
16 Template:Esc Hans-Otto Grünefeldt Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
17 Template:Esc Snežana Lipkovska-Hadžinaumova Miloje Orlovi? Televizija Beograd
Mladen Deli? Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Ter?ek Televizija Ljubljana

Non-participating countries

Several non-participating countries also decided to broadcast the contest on their respective television stations. Template:Col-begin Template:Col-2

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References

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External links

Template:Eurovision years Template:Eurovision Song Contest 1968 Template:Use dmy dates Template:Coord