Eurovision Song Contest 1969

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Template:Infobox Eurovision

The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 was the 14th in the series. Four countries won the contest, the first time ever a tie-break situation had occurred. However, there was no rule at the time to cover such an eventuality, so all four countries were declared joint winners.<ref name=ESC1969>Template:Cite web</ref>

France's win was their fourth. France became the first country to win the contest four times. The Netherlands' win was their third. Spain and the United Kingdom each won for the second time. And it was the first time that any country (Spain, in this case) had a winning ESC entry two years in a row.

Location

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File:Teatro Real de Madrid - 02.jpg
Teatro Real, Madrid. Host venue of the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest.

Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The city is located on the Manzanares river in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political centre of Spain.<ref name="Madrid">Template:Cite news</ref>

The venue selected to host the 1969 contest was the Teatro Real, an opera house located in Madrid. From 1867 it housed the Madrid Royal Conservatory until 1925 when a Royal Order on 6 December called for eviction owing to the damage that the construction of the Metro de Madrid had caused to the building). The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. In 1969, the 14th Eurovision Song Contest was held at the theatre, featuring an onstage metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist, Salvador Dalí.<ref name="Cultural Institutions: Teatro Real">Template:Cite web</ref>

Format

The surrealist Spanish artist Salvador Dalí was responsible for designing the publicity material for the 1969 contest as well as the metal sculpture which was used on stage.<ref name=ESC1969/>

It was the first time that the contest resulted in a tie for first place, with four countries each gaining 18 votes. Since there was at the time no rule to cover such an eventuality, all four countries were declared joint winners. This caused an unfortunate problem concerning the medals due to be distributed to the winners as there were not enough to go round, so that only the singers received their medals on the night: the songwriters, to some disgruntlement, were not awarded theirs until after the date of the contest.<ref name=ESC1969/>

Had the later tie-break rule been in place (the country receiving the highest score from any other country, as used in 1991), the Netherlands would have won, having received 6 points from France. United Kingdom would then have been runner up, having received 5 points from Sweden. On the other hand, with the present tie-break rule been in place (i.e. the song receiving votes from the most countries, then the song receiving the most high votes in case of another tie), France would have been the overall winner, with Spain in 2nd place. Both countries received votes from 9 countries, but France received 4 points from 2 countries whereas Spain received 3 points as their highest vote.

A common urban legend on ESC forums and festivals is that just prior to the show, Laurita Valenzuela, the presenter, asked the producers what would happen if there was a tie. The producers assured her that "such a thing would never happen".

Participating countries

Template:Further Austria was absent from the contest, refusing to participate in a contest staged in Franco-ruled Spain.<ref name=ESC1969/><ref name=History>Template:Cite book</ref>

Conductors

Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestra.<ref name=Conductors>Template:Cite web</ref> These are listed below.

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Returning artists

Five artists returned in this year's contest. Louis Neefs for Belgium who last represented the nation in 1967; Germany's Siw Malmkvist who was also the participant for Sweden in 1960. Romuald for Luxembourg who represented Monaco last time in 1964; Norway's Kirsti Sparboe who represented the Scandinavian nation twice before in 1965 and 1967; and finally Simone de Oliveira who also represented Portugal in 1965.<ref name=ESC1969/>

Results

Draw Country Language Artist Song English translation Place Votes
01 Template:Esc Croatian Ivan & 4M "Pozdrav svijetu" Greetings to the world 13 5
02 Template:Esc French Romuald "Catherine" 11 7
03 Template:Esc Spanish Salomé "Vivo cantando" I live singing 1 18
04 Template:Esc French Jean Jacques "Maman, Maman" Mum, mum 6 11
05 Template:Esc English Muriel Day "The Wages of Love" 7 10
06 Template:Esc Italian Iva Zanicchi "Due grosse lacrime bianche" Two big white tears 13 5
07 Template:Esc English Lulu "Boom Bang-a-Bang" 1 18
08 Template:Esc Dutch Lenny Kuhr "De troubadour" The troubadour 1 18
09 Template:Esc Swedish Tommy Körberg "Judy, min vän" Judy, my friend 9 8
10 Template:Esc Dutch Louis Neefs "Jennifer Jennings" 7 10
11 Template:Esc German Paola Del Medico "Bonjour, Bonjour" Hello, hello 5 13
12 Template:Esc Norwegian Kirsti Sparboe "Oj, oj, oj, så glad jeg skal bli" Wow, wow, wow, how happy I'll be 16 1
13 Template:Esc German Siw Malmkvist "Primaballerina" 9 8
14 Template:Esc French Frida Boccara "Un jour, un enfant" A day, a child 1 18
15 Template:Esc Portuguese Simone de Oliveira "Desfolhada portuguesa" Portuguese husking 15 4
16 Template:Esc Finnish Jarkko & Laura "Kuin silloin ennen" Like in those times 12 6

Scoreboard

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Results
Total Score Yugoslavia (Croatia) Luxembourg Spain Monaco Ireland Italy United Kingdom Netherlands Sweden Belgium Switzerland Norway Germany France Portugal Finland
Contestants Yugoslavia 5 1 1 3
Luxembourg 7 1 3 1 1 1
Spain 18 1 2 3 1 3 1 3 2 2
Monaco 11 2 4 2 2 1
Ireland 10 1 1 1 3 1 3
Italy 5 1 1 1 1 1
United Kingdom 18 2 4 3 1 5 1 1 1
Netherlands 18 2 1 3 1 4 1 6
Sweden 8 1 3 1 3
Belgium 10 2 3 1 2 2
Switzerland 13 2 3 2 1 1 2 2
Norway 1 1
Germany 8 3 2 1 1 1
France 18 1 2 4 4 2 1 1 1 2
Portugal 4 2 1 1
Finland 6 1 1 1 1 1 1

International broadcasts and voting

The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1969 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.<ref name=ESC1969/>

Voting order Country Spokespersons Commentator Broadcaster
01 Template:Esc Helga Vlahovi? Miloje Orlovi? Televizija Beograd
Mladen Deli? Televizija Zagreb
Tomaž Ter?ek Televizija Ljubljana
02 Template:Esc TBC Jacques Navadic Télé-Luxembourg
03 Template:Esc Ramón Rivera José Luis Uribarri TVE1
Miguel de los Santos Primer Programa RNE
04 Template:Esc TBC Pierre Tchernia Télé Monte Carlo
05 Template:Esc John Skehan Gay Byrne RTÉ Television
Kevin Roche Radio Éireann
06 Template:Esc Mike Bongiorno Renato Tagliani Secondo Programma
07 Template:Esc Colin-Ward Lewis Michael Aspel BBC 1
Tony Brandon BBC Radio 1
08 Template:Esc Leo Nelissen Pim Jacobs Nederland 1
09 Template:Esc Edvard Matz Christina Hansegård Sveriges Radio-TV and SR P3
10 Template:Esc Nand Baert Herman Verelst BRT
Paule Herreman RTB
11 Template:Esc Alexandre Burger Theodor Haller TV DRS
Georges Hardy TSR
Giovanni Bertini TSI
12 Template:Esc Janka Polanyi<ref name="Dyrseth, Seppo OGAE Norway"/> Sverre Christophersen<ref name="Dyrseth, Seppo OGAE Norway">Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)</ref> NRK
Erik Heyerdahl NRK P1
13 Template:Esc Hans-Otto Grünefeldt Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach ARD Deutsches Fernsehen
14 Template:Esc TBC Pierre Tchernia Première Chaîne ORTF
15 Template:Esc Maria Manuela Furtado Henrique Mendes RTP1
16 Template:Esc Aarre Elo Aarno Walli TV-ohjelma 1
- Template:Esc (Non-participating country) Emil Kollpacher ORF
- Template:Flag (non-participating country) TBC TV Tupi
- Template:Flag (non-participating country) TBC Canal 13
- Template:Flag (non-participating country) TBC  ?eská televize
- Template:Flag (non-participating country) TBC Deutscher Fernsehfunk
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC m1
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC SNRT
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC TVP
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC TVR1
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC CT USSR
- Template:Esc (non-participating country) TBC ERTT

References

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External links

Template:Eurovision years Template:Eurovision Song Contest 1969 Template:Use dmy dates Template:Coord