Eurovision Song Contest 1970
The Eurovision Song Contest 1970 was the 15th Eurovision Song Contest, held on 21 March 1970 at the RAI Congrescentrum in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Amsterdam contest is regarded as one of the most significant in Eurovision history for a number of reasons.<ref name=ESC1970>Template:Cite web</ref>
Ireland's win was their first. The UK were second, six votes behind Ireland. Luxembourg received zero votes for the only time.
Amsterdam is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The city's status as the capital of the nation is governed by the constitution. The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country.
Amsterdam's name is derived from Amstelredamme,<ref name="Britannica Eleven">Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, Vol 1, p896-898.</ref> indicative of the city's origin: a dam in the river Amstel. Settled as a small fishing village in the late 12th century, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age, a result of its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the city was the leading center for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were formed.
The Congrescentrum, venue of the 1970 contest, is a semi-permanent exhibit at the Ferdinand Bolstraat to Amsterdam, and was opened on 31 October 1922. This building was replaced in 1961 by the current RAI building on Europe's Square. The current congress and event center on Europe Square, was designed by Alexander Bodon and opened on 2 February 1961.
Due to the four-way tie in 1969, lots were drawn to choose which country would host this year's contest. The Dutch producers were forced to pad out the show as only 12 nations decided to make the trip to Amsterdam. The result was a format which has endured almost to the present day. An extended opening sequence (filmed in Amsterdam) set the scene, while every entry was introduced by a short video 'postcard' featuring each of the participating artists.<ref name="Official History" /> Interestingly, the long introduction film (over four minutes long) was followed by what probably is one of the shortest ever introductions by any presenter. Willy Dobbe only welcomed the viewers in English, French and Dutch, finishing her introduction after only 24 seconds.
The set design was devised by Roland de Groot; a simple design was composed of a number of curved horizontal bars and silver baubles which could be moved in a variety of different ways.
To avoid an incident like in 1969, a tie rule was created. It stated that, if two or more songs gained the same number of votes, each song would have to be performed again. After which each national jury (other than the juries of the countries concerned) would have a show of hands of which they thought was the best. If the countries tied again, then they would share first place.
Template:Further Austria (who had not taken part in 1969), Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden boycotted this contest as they were not pleased with the result of 1969 and the voting structure.<ref name="Official History">O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3</ref>
Of the participating singers, a number were already established performers. Notably, the United Kingdom sent Welsh singer and Apple recording artist Mary Hopkin, while David Alexandre Winter represented Luxembourg. The contest is also notable for the appearance of the then unknown Julio Iglesias, singing for Spain. Ireland won the contest with "All Kinds of Everything", penned by Derry Lindsay and Jackie Smith, and sung by another unknown, Dana, an 18-year-old schoolgirl from Derry, Northern Ireland. The song became a million-seller and the singer an international star. As the contest was held in the Netherlands this year, and the country was one of the four winners in 1969, Dana received her awards from the Dutch winner Lenny Kuhr.
Each performance had a conductor who maestro the orchestra.<ref name=Conductors>Template:Cite web</ref>
- Template:Esc - Dolf van der Linden
- Template:Esc - Bernard Gérard
- Template:Esc - Mario Capuano
- Template:Esc - Mojmir Sepe
- Template:Esc - Jack Say
- Template:Esc - Franck Pourcel
- Template:Esc - Johnny Arthey
- Template:Esc - Raymond Lefèvre
- Template:Esc - Augusto Algueró
- Template:Esc - Jimmy Walter
- Template:Esc - Christian Bruhn
- Template:Esc - Dolf van der Linden
For the first time, no artists from previous contests returned.<ref name=ESC1970/>
|01||Template:Esc||Dutch||Hearts of Soul||"Waterman"||Aquarius||7||7|
|03||Template:Esc||Italian||Gianni Morandi||"Occhi di ragazza"||Eyes of a Girl||8||5|
|04||Template:Esc||Slovene||Eva Sršen||"Pridi, dala ti bom cvet"||Come, I'll Give You a Flower||11||4|
|05||Template:Esc||French||Jean Vallée||"Viens l'oublier"||Come, Forget Him||8||5|
|07||Template:Esc||English||Mary Hopkin||"Knock, Knock Who's There?"||-||2||26|
|08||Template:Esc||French||David Alexandre Winter||"Je suis tombé du ciel"||I Fell From Heaven||12||0|
|11||Template:Esc||German||Katja Ebstein||"Wunder gibt es immer wieder"||Wonders always happen||3||12|
|12||Template:Esc||English||Dana||"All Kinds of Everything"||-||1||32|
|Total Score||Netherlands||Switzerland||Italy||Yugoslavia||Belgium||France||United Kingdom||Luxembourg||Spain||Monaco||Germany||Ireland|
International broadcasts and voting
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1970 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.<ref name=ESC1970/>
|01||Template:Esc||Flip van der Schalie||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
|02||Template:Esc||Alexandre Burger||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|03||Template:Esc||Enzo Tortora||Renato Tagliani||Secondo Programma|
|04||Template:Esc||Dragana Markovi?||Milovan Ili?||Televizija Beograd|
|Oliver Mlakar||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Ter?ek||Televizija Ljubljana|
|05||Template:Esc||André Hagon||Claude Delacroix<ref name="songcontest.free.fr">Template:Cite web</ref>||RTB|
|TBC||RTB La Première)|
|Nand Baert||BRT Radio 1|
|06||Template:Esc||TBC||Pierre Tchernia<ref name="songcontest.free.fr"/>||Première Chaîne ORTF|
|07||Template:Esc||Colin-Ward Lewis||David Gell<ref name="O'Connor">Template:Cite book</ref>||BBC1|
|Tony Brandon||BBC Radio 1|
|08||Template:Esc||TBC||Jacques Navadic<ref name="songcontest.free.fr"/>||Télé-Luxembourg|
|Camillo Felgen||RTL Radio|
|09||Template:Esc||Ramón Rivera||José Luis Uribarri||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|10||Template:Esc||TBC||Pierre Tchernia||Télé Monte Carlo|
|11||Template:Esc||Hans-Otto Grünefeldt||Marie-Louise Steinbauer||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|Wolf Mittler||Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2|
|12||Template:Esc||John Skehan||Valerie McGovern||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|-||Template:Esc||(Non-participating country)||Ernst Grissemann||ORF|
|-||Template:Esc||(Non-participating country)||No commentator||NRK|
|-||Template:Esc||(Non-participating country)||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|