Fernsehturm Berlin

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Template:Infobox building

The Fernsehturm (Template:Lang-en) is a television tower in central Berlin, Germany.

Close to Alexanderplatz in Mitte, the tower was constructed between 1965 and 1969 by the administration of the German Democratic Republic. It was intended as a symbol of Berlin, which it remains today, as it is easily visible throughout the central and some suburban districts of Berlin. With its height of 368 meters, it is the tallest structure in Germany.

Due to its location near Alexanderplatz, the tower is occasionally called Alex Tower, especially by Berlin visitors.

Overview

The original total height of the tower was Template:Convert, but it rose to Template:Convert after the installation of a new antenna in the 1990s. The Fernsehturm is the fourth tallest freestanding structure in Europe, after Moscow's Ostankino Tower, the Kiev TV Tower and the Riga Radio and TV Tower. There is a visitor platform and a revolving restaurant in the middle of the sphere. The visitor platform, also called panoramic floor, is at a height of about Template:Convert above the ground and visibility can reach Template:Convert on a clear day. The restaurant Telecafé, which rotates once every 30 minutes,<ref>Berliner Fernsehturm | Entdecken Sie 360° Berlin</ref> is a few metres above the visitors platform at Template:Convert<ref name=autogenerated1>http://www.berlin.de/imperia/md/content/berlinde/fernsehturm_fact_figures.pdf?start&ts=1252924429&file=fernsehturm_fact_figures.pdf</ref> (originally it turned once per hour; the speed was later doubled following the tower's late 1990s renovation). Inside the shaft are two lifts that shuttle visitors up to the sphere of the tower within 40 seconds. It is not accessible by wheelchair. There is also a Staircase with 986 steps.<ref name=autogenerated1 />

To mark the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany, for which the final match was played in the Berlin Olympic Stadium, the sphere was decorated as a football with magenta-coloured pentagons, reflecting the corporate colour of World Cup sponsor and owner of the Fernsehturm, Deutsche Telekom.

History

In 1964, Walter Ulbricht, leader of the Socialist Unity Party which governed East Germany, decided to allow the construction of a television tower on Alexanderplatz, modelled on the Fernsehturm Stuttgart and the first artificial Earth satellite, Sputnik. The TV tower had several architects. Its former design was done by Hermann Henselmann, and Jörg Streitparth. It was built by the East German architects Fritz Dieter, Günter Franke and Werner Ahrendt between 1965-69. Walter Herzog, Gerhard Kosel and Herbert Aust later also took part in the planning. The construction plan though emerged already in the 1950s. The tower was actually needed for transmitting radio and TV programmes. At the same time it was intended as symbol and as a show of the GDR's strength. After some discussions regarding the tower's location it was decided to build the Fernsehturm next to Alexanderplatz, which is situated in the centre of Berlin. Construction began on 4 August 1965. After four years of construction, the Fernsehturm began test broadcasts on 3 October 1969, and it was officially inaugurated four days later on the GDR's National Day. It is among the best known sights in Berlin, and has around a million visitors a year.

The "Pope's Revenge"

When the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection usually appears in the form of a cross. This effect was not anticipated by the architect. Berliners nicknamed the luminous cross Rache des Papstes, or the "Pope's Revenge". For the same reasons, the structure was also called "St. Walter" (from Walter Ulbricht). U.S. President Ronald Reagan mentioned this in his "Tear down this wall" speech on 12 June 1987.

It is also affectionately known as the Telespargel (tele-sparagus) because of its shape. Template:Clear

Gallery

Technical details

Channels by frequency

Analogue FM radio

Frequency kW Service
87.9 MHz 1 Star FM
90.2 MHz 16 BBC World Service
91.4 MHz 100 Berliner Rundfunk 91,4
93.6 MHz 2.4 Jam FM
94.3 MHz 25 94,3 rs2
95.8 MHz 100 Radio Eins
97.7 MHz 100 Deutschlandfunk
98.8 MHz 1 98.8 KISS FM Berlin
99.7 MHz 100 Antenne Brandenburg
100.6 MHz 12.6 Motor FM
101.3 MHz 4 Klassik Radio
101.9 MHz 0.5 JazzRadio 101.9
102.6 MHz 15 Fritz
103.4 MHz 8 Energy Berlin
104.6 MHz 10 104.6 RTL
105.5 MHz 5 105'5 Spreeradio
106.0 MHz 1 Radio France Internationale

Digital radio (DAB)/Digital mobile television (DMB)

Frequency Block kW Operator
178.352 MHz 5C 10 Germany
190.640 MHz 7B 7 Berlin 2
194.064 MHz 7D 10 Berlin 1
225.648 MHz 12B 1 FIRST (DAB/DMB tests)

Digital television (DVB-T)

  • UHF 25 (506 MHz) – RTL Group
    • RTL
    • RTL II
    • Super RTL
    • VOX
  • UHF 27 (522 MHz) – ARD national programming
    • Das Erste
    • rbb Fernsehen Berlin
    • Phoenix
    • EinsExtra/rbb Fernsehen (Brandenburg)
  • UHF 33 (570 MHz) – ZDFvision
    • ZDF
    • 3sat
    • ZDFinfokanal
    • ZDFneo/KI.KA
  • UHF 39 (618 MHz) – Mixed Berlin 4
    • QVC
    • Disney Channel Germany
    • Bibel TV
    • Bayerisches Fernsehen
    • n-tv
    • RTL Shop/Euronews
    • 5 radio stations
  • UHF 44 (658 MHz) – ProSiebenSat.1
    • ProSieben
    • Sat.1
    • kabel eins
    • N24
  • UHF 47 (682 MHz) – ARD regional programming
    • MDR Fernsehen (Sachsen)
    • arte
    • NDR Fernsehen (Niedersachsen)
    • hr-fernsehen
  • UHF 50 (706 MHz) – Mixed Berlin 1
    • WDR Fernsehen (Köln)
    • SWR Fernsehen (Baden-Württemberg/Rheinland-Pfalz)
    • HSE24
    • Tele 5
  • UHF 56 (754 MHz) – Mixed Berlin 2
    • iMusic1
    • sixx
    • Eurosport
    • TV.Berlin
  • UHF 59 (778 MHz) – Mixed Berlin 3
    • Servus TV
    • Anixe
    • Juwelo TV

Analogue TV stations

The analogue TV service was shut down on August 4, 2003.

Template:No2Frequency Template:No2Channel Template:No2kW Template:No2Service
175.25 MHz 5 100 TV.Berlin
519.25 MHz 27 1000 ORB-Fernsehen
631.25 MHz 41 1 BBC World
655.25 MHz 44 700 ProSieben
711.25 MHz 51 5 n-tv

See also

  • List of towers
  • List of tallest freestanding structures in the world
  • Fernsehturm Stuttgart
  • Funkturm Berlin
  • Fernmeldeturm Berlin

References

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External links

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