Harold Wood

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Template:Other uses Template:Infobox UK place Harold Wood is a suburb in northeast London, England, and part of the London Borough of Havering. It is situated Template:Convert east-northeast of Charing Cross and near to the Greater London boundary.

History

Toponymy

The name Harold Wood was recorded in about 1237, when it was shown as Horalds Wood. It was named after King Harold Godwinson, who was defeated by William the Conqueror in 1066. He held the surrounding manor of Havering-atte-Bower. Some of the original roads are named after Anglo-Saxon kings such as Æthelstan and Alfred the Great.

Local government

Harold Wood formed a ward in the ancient parish of Hornchurch, although the area now around the station was in the North End ward. The eastern and southern boundary of the parish was the River Ingrebourne such that the area around Harold Court was in the parish of Upminster. Although locally situated within Essex the ancient Hornchurch parish formed the independent Liberty of Havering and was outside county administration. Harold Wood ward came under the control of the vestry of Romford chapelry, which also included Collier Row and Noak Hill,<ref name="Romford">http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42815</ref> however most of the current area of Harold Wood was in the North End ward which remained under Hornchurch parish vestry. In 1836 Romford and Hornchurch became separate civil parishes and were grouped into the Romford Poor Law Union. The area of the union, excluding the town of Romford, became a rural sanitary district in 1875. The special status of the Liberty of Havering was abolished in 1892 and the area was reincorporated into Essex.

Following the Local Government Act 1894, the Romford parish was split with the northern part of the Harold Wood ward becoming a new parish of Noak Hill and the southern part forming part of the Romford Rural parish, both within the Romford Rural District. This split the administration of the area between the Hornchurch, Romford Rural, Noak Hill and Upminster parish councils, and the Romford Rural District Council. In 1900 the Romford Rural parish was recombined with Romford Urban (which consisted of the town of Romford) to form an expanded Romford Urban District. With suburban house building, the population in the area started to rise soon after which prompted changes to the local government system. Hornchurch parish became the Hornchurch Urban District in 1926 and Upminster was added to it in 1934. The area formed part of the London Traffic Area from 1924 and the London Passenger Transport Area from 1933.<ref name=robson>Template:Cite book</ref> The whole area was included in the London Borough of Havering in 1965 and it was transferred from Essex to Greater London.<ref name=vob_havering_lb>Template:Cite vob</ref>

Urban development

Harold Wood Hospital, on Gubbins Lane, closed on 13 December 2006 with all patients moved to Queen's Hospital in nearby Romford. The site vacated by the hospital has been earmarked for a 470-home housing development. However, this development has faced fierce opposition from the local population as the developers now wish to build over 800 properties on the site.

Education

There are 3 main schools in Harold Wood 1 Secondary School and 2 Primary Schools

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Geography

The Great Eastern Main Line passes through the area, the M25 motorway forms the easterly boundary and the A12 and A127 roads form the North-West and South-West borders respectively.

Nearest places

  • Ardleigh Green
  • Gidea Park
  • Harold Park
  • Harold Hill
  • Hornchurch
  • Brentwood

Transport

Harold Wood has a few London Bus Routes that run through it

  • Daily routes include 256, 294, 496 and 498
  • Mon-Sat 347
  • School Routes 646 and 656

Harold Wood is on the route of the London Outer Orbital Path.

Nearest station

  • Harold Wood railway station

Harold Wood's nearest tube stations are Elm Park tube station or Hornchurch tube station both on the District Line.

References

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Template:LB Havering Template:Areas of London Template:London Outer Orbital Path