Template:Infobox UK place Template:Harringay Harringay (pronounced Template:IPAc-en) is a residential area in the London Borough of Haringey in North London, in the United Kingdom.<ref name=mills>Template:Cite book</ref> It is centred on the section of Green Lanes running between the New River, where it crosses Green Lanes by Finsbury Park, and Duckett's Common, near Turnpike Lane.
- 1 Location
- 2 Locale
- 3 Geography and geology
- 4 History
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Sport
- 8 Green Harringay
- 9 People from Harringay
- 10 Harringay on film and television
- 11 Transport and local area
- 12 See also
- 13 References and notes
- 14 External links
The boundaries of Harringay form a rough boot shape in the extreme southern centre of the borough. The western boundary of Harringay is formed by the Great Northern Railway. The northern boundary is to the south of Turnpike Lane, running parallel to it, somewhere between Sydney Road and Fairfax Road. In the northeast, the boundary roughly corresponds with a line drawn between the south of Duckett's Common and the north end of Warwick Gardens. A line due south of this point, as far as Eade Road, forms the eastern boundary. Southeast of here a line to Finsbury Park completes the southeastern limits. Finsbury Park is officially part of Harringay<ref name=Ward>Ward boundaries classify the park as being within Harringay Ward - Haringey Council Map showing the ward boundaries.</ref> and forms the south western boundary.
Harringay's main shopping street, Green Lanes, is a busy, cosmopolitan high street. Some shops have a long established presence, like Disney's furniture store, which has traded there since 1913. Others reflect the more cosmopolitan nature of Green Lanes and include a large number of Kurdish & Turkish bakeries, grocers, cafes and a growing cluster of restaurants. There are several pubs including the Grade II listed and Pevsner noted Salisbury. Part of the 1980 film The Long Good Friday and the 1992 biopic of Charlie Chaplin. were shot there. thumb Towards the southern end stands the well-preserved, Victoriana-laden Beaconsfield public house. Opposite is the Arena Shopping Park with handful of national multiples outlets, a Sainsbury's supermarket, and one of Britain's first "drive-thru" McDonald's restaurants.
A large section of the eastern side of Green Lanes is called Grand Parade. Interrupted only by the gaps introduced by the residential roads running eastwards, Grand Parade runs for nearly half a kilometre from just north of Harringay Green Lanes railway station to St Ann's Road.
Whilst the main road feels definitely cosmopolitan, the population of the surrounding streets is somewhat more homogeneous (See Demographics section.). The streets to the west of Green Lanes are known as the 'Harringay Ladder' (due to their similarity to a ladder when seen on a map). The streets to the east behind Grand Parade are known as 'The Gardens'. To the south of 'The Gardens' and Sainsbury's is Harringay's 'Warehouse District'; to the north is "Woodlands Park'.
Geography and geology
thumb meandering between the houses of the Harringay Ladder]] Harringay is just under Template:Convert from the centre of London sitting on a chalk bed covered by a thick layer of London Clay. The western part of the district is hilly, rising to 138 feet at its highest. Further to the west, beyond Harringay, the ground rises steadily to one of the highest points in London at Hampstead Heath about Template:Convert away. The eastern part of Harringay is low-lying, at between 60 and 90 feet, as the land descends towards the Lea Valley, Template:Convert to the east.
Harringay covers an area of approximately ¾ of a square mile (2 km2).<ref name=GLUD>Generalised Land Use Database Statistics for England 2005, Department for Communities & Local Government. Figures shown are calculated using 100% of the value for Harringay Ward, 30% of the total for St Ann's Ward and 85% of Super Output Area 31D of Seven Sisters Ward.</ref> The land use for the area is shown in the table below.
|Land use in Harringay<ref name=GLUD/>|
|Land use type||Percentage of total area|
|Other Land Uses||6.69|
The only waterway still running above ground is the man-made New River, constructed in 1619 to bring water into London from Hertfordshire. However, two natural rivers still flow through Harringay beneath the ground. These are just two of the many springs and streams that used to flow through this part of London from the high ground to the west, down into the River Lea. Stonebridge Brook ran above ground meandering eastwards just to the north of the old Harringay House. It crossed the estate, running roughly beneath present-day Effingham and Fairfax Roads, ran along Green Lanes for a short way and then eastwards north of St Ann's Road and on to the River Lea. Although still flowing underground today, the Harringay section was fully culverted by 1885. Hermitage Brook flowed roughly along the southern boundary of the western part of Harringay and then, staying close to its southern edge, under where the Arena Shopping Park stands today. It was eventually culverted and now flows underground just to the south of the shopping park.
thumb style ornamentation with a bas-relief green man decoration on one of the Grand Parade Buildings]] In the Ice Age Harringay was on the edge of a huge glacial mass that reached as far south as Muswell Hill.<ref name=Madge>Template:Cite book</ref> thumb), tarmac to the west (ex-Hornsey)]] The area was then largely covered with forest until the Middle Ages when it was developed as agricultural land. From 1750 to 1880 Harringay experienced the pressures of the burgeoning population in London. Gradually inroads into the pastoral landscape were made, first for the leisure and then for the settlement of Londoners. By 1900 Harringay had become a respectable outer London suburb with all the land built over and only Finsbury Park remaining as a hint of its former character. Identified as a single unified urban area from 1900, Harringay was originally split between the old boroughs of Hornsey and Tottenham with the boundary between the two running slightly to the west of Green Lanes The unification of the two boroughs in 1965, as the London Borough of Haringey, brought all Harringay under the control of a single unit of local governance for the first time in more than a thousand years. On many of the roads in West Harringay, it is still possible to see the old Tottenham - Hornsey boundary where the paving stones give way to tarmaced pavement. The old parish / borough boundary markers are also still in place on some roads (see picture, right).
The name Harringay has its origin in the Saxon period and is derived from the name of a Saxon chieftain called Haering. Haering's Hege meant Haering's enclosure. The earliest written form of the name was recorded as Harenhg’ in about 1195. Its development thereafter gave rise to the modern-day names of Harringay (the district of London), the London Borough of Haringey and Hornsey (another nearby district of London).
From 1750 until the second half of the 20th century, Harringay became a destination for Londoners seeking to relax. Hornsey Wood House, Finsbury Park, Harringay Stadium and Harringay Arena were all hugely popular leisure destinations in their day. The stadium and arena site is now occupied by Sainsbury's and the Arena Shopping Park.
Transport and communications history
There is little doubt that the history of transport communications through Harringay had a significant effect on its shape today. In Roman times, a great roadway to the north was established. This roadway endured as a great communication passage to the north and brought much activity through the heart of the area. It also acted as the rough dividing line for land ownership, identifying Harringay’s position on the edge of manorial and subsequently borough boundaries.
In the mid-19th century, the arrival of the Great Northern Railway (GNR) cleaved western Harringay from the rest of the Borough of Hornsey and set it fair for its subsequent union with the southwesternmost slice of the Borough of Tottenham. The subsequent construction of the Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway (THJR) almost defined Harringay's present-day southern boundary.
thumb St Paul's Church & Vicarage, Wightman Road, Harringay - called the dazzling St Paul's by The Guardian's Simon Jenkins]]
As of the 2001 Census, the population of Harringay was about 16,500.<ref name=datasource>There is no single figure provided in the census for Harringay. All data used for the total population of Harringay is a close approximation, calculated by using the data for Haringey Output Areas 00APGF0005, 00APGF0011, 00APGF0012, 00APGF0006, 00APGF0017, 00APGF0016, 00APGF0018, 00APGF0013, 00APGF0019, 00APGF0007, 00APGF0009, 00APGF0001, 00APGF0014, 00APGF0021, 00APGF0015, 00APGF0022, 00APGF0023, 00APGF0020, 00APGF0025, 00APGM0019, 00APGM0008, 00APGM0015, 00APGM0018, 00APGF0024, 00APGF0026, 00APGF0027, 00APGF0028, 00APGF0031, 00APGF0032, 00APGF0036, 00APGF0004, 00APGF0002, 00APGF0003, 00APGN0036, 00APGN0035, 00APGN0034, 00APGF0033, 00APGF0030, 00APGF0035, 00APGF0034, 00APGF0029, 00APGM0025, 00APGM0024, 00APGM0027, 00APGM0028, 00APGM0032, 00APGM0033, 00APGM0030, 00APGM0029, 00APGM0031, 00APGM0026, 00APGM0017, 00APGM0007. The number of dwellings was calculated using the same method. All data is sourced from the National Statistics website. For Harringay, St Ann's & Seven Sisters ward boundaries download this Haringey Council map showing ward boundaries.</ref>
The ethnic breakdown is: 69% white, 14% black, 9% Asian, 3% Mixed and 3% other. 72% of its inhabitants were born in Europe, with 12% in Asia, 9% in Africa (mainly eastern & southern), and 4% in North America. Within this mix, 6% were born in Cyprus and 3% in Turkey.<ref name=datasource/>
About 45% of the population report themselves as Christian, 14% as not religious and 13% as Muslim. Other religions are present in smaller percentages.<ref name=datasource/>
Over 60% of residents are classified as being in the three highest social groups, whilst 10% are students.<ref name=datasource/>
Of a total of around 6,500 dwellings in Harringay, approximately 47% are owner-occupied and about 30% are privately rented accommodation. 17% are public or other council housing. About 40% of the dwellings are houses, with the remainder being flats, most often converted from the largely Victorian housing stock.<ref name=datasource/>
Template:Main There are three generally well regarded schools located within Harringay. These are shown below together with the number of places available in 2013:
- North Harringay Primary (464)
- South Harringay Infants (263)
- South Harringay Junior (214)
Inspection reports on Harringay's three schools are available at the Ofsted website.
Template:Main Harringay became both nationally and internationally famous for the sporting events that were held in the Harringay Stadium and the Harringay Arena from the late 1920s until the 1980s. Greyhound racing, boxing and speedway were the main attractions. Today, Harringay is home to the London Meteors who are based in the former cricket pitch in Finsbury Park, at the corner of Endymion Road and Green Lanes.
22.5% of Harringay is open space:<ref name=GLUD/>
- Finsbury Park - officially part of Harringay<ref name=Ward/>
- The Green Flag awarded Railway Fields Local Nature Reserve,<ref name=GIGL>Template:Cite web</ref> near Harringay Green Lanes Station
- The New River Path, accessible from Wightman Road and from Green Lanes opposite Finsbury Park
- Ducketts Common, opposite Turnpike Lane station
- A very small area of open land called Harringay Stadium Slopes to the south and east of Sainsbury's car park, above Hermitage Road, accessible from Surrey Gardens, off Finsbury Park Avenue
- Falkland & Fairfax Open Space ('Fairlands), Falkland Road, N8
- A recently developed roof garden at North Harringay Primary School
- A small, but very well kept and award winning, community garden in Doncaster Gardens (off Stanhope Gardens)
thumb]] thumb, Harringay]]
Also close by are:
- The Parkland Walk, running through nearby Stroud Green up to Highgate
- Alexandra Park
- Queen's Wood
- Woodberry Wetlands (formerly known East 'East Reservoir' between Harringay & Stoke Newington
- Highgate Wood
- Chestnuts Park, by St Ann's Road
- Priory Park, at the end of Hornsey High Street
People from Harringay
- See Category:People from Harringay
Harringay on film and television
Films shot in part or in their entirety in Harringay include:
- London River, 2009, Dir, Rachid Bouchareb
- Broken Lines, 2008, Dir Sallie Aprahamian
- Jhoom Barabar Jhoom, 2006, Dir Shaad Ali
- The Lives of the Saints, 2006, Dir Rankin & Chris Cottam
- Spider (2002 film), 2002, Dir David Cronenberg
- Face, 1997, Dir Antonia Bird
- Chaplin, 1992, Dir Richard Attenborough
- The Fourth Protocol (film), 1987, Dir John Mackenzie
- The Long Good Friday, 1980, Dir John Mackenzie
- The Angel Who Pawned her Heart, 1954, Dir Alan Bromly
TV productions in Harringay include:
- Harringay Arena was the home of the Horse of the Year Show for its first ten years, from 1947 onwards. In 1958, the show featured in the first broadcast of the BBC's new Saturday afternoon sports programme Grandstand.<ref name=Ticher>Template:Cite book.</ref>
- Harringay Stadium was the home of Greyhound racing on London Weekend Television's World of Sport between 1972 and 1982.<ref name=Ticher/>
- Murder Prevention, 2004, Channel 5 - shot in and around Harringay, Stroud Green & Crouch End
Transport and local area
- Stroud Green
- Crouch End
- Muswell Hill
- Stoke Newington
- Turnpike Lane
- Wood Green
- St Ann's
- West Green
- Finsbury Park
- Manor House
Places of interest
- St Paul's Church - striking modernist church on Wightman Road
- The Salisbury - well preserved Victorian pub; listed by English Heritage
- Hornsey Church - 13th century church tower
- See also Green Harringay above.
Nearest railway stations
- Harringay Green Lanes railway station
- Harringay railway station
- Hornsey railway station
Nearest tube stations
- Manor House tube station
- Turnpike Lane tube station
There are three major bus routes that connect Green Lanes with the City and the West End: the 29, 141, and the 341. The nearby Turnpike Lane bus station offers further connection to the west, east and north.
- Langham Working Men’s Club
- Harringay Racers - a speedway team based at Harringay Stadium
- Harringay Greyhounds - an ice hockey team based at Harringay Arena
- Maynards - a sweet factory in Vale Road
References and notes
- Harringay Online – double award winning neighbourhood network for Harringay residents.
- Google map showing Harringay's boundaries
- Harringay Online's Harringay Timeline
- Harringay Lists on Foursquare
- Flickr Photo Pool on Harringay
- BBC h2g2 Article, Harringay, Haringey - So Good they Named it Twice?
- Wymondham Learning Centre, Bombs over Harringay. 9 March 2005.
- Transition Finsbury Park – a significant proportion of this project's coverage falls within Harringay.