Havering-atte-Bower

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Template:Infobox UK place Havering-atte-Bower is a village and outlying settlement of the London Borough of Havering,<ref name=council>Havering London Borough Council - A history of Havering atte Bower</ref> located 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Charing Cross and close to the Greater London boundary. It was one of three former parishes whose area comprised the historic Royal Liberty of Havering.<ref name=vision>Vision of Britain - Havering atte Bower liberty</ref> The village has been the location of a number of palaces and large houses including Bower House, The Round House, Pyrgo Palace and Havering Palace.

Etymology

The name is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Haueringas.<ref name=mills>Mills, Anthony David Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-19-280106-6.</ref> It is an ancient folk name meaning settlement of the followers of a man called Hæfer.<ref name=mills/> The name is recorded as Hauering atte Bower in 1272. The atte Bower suffix means at the royal residence and refers to Havering Palace, which was situated here.<ref name=mills/> The West London equivalent to Havering-atte-Bower is Old Windsor in Berkshire, which had a Saxon Palace that predated Windsor Castle. Edward the Confessor would have travelled to and from his palaces at both Havering-atte-Bower and Old Windsor. Both villages are situated on high ground and have great views into London.

History

The village is steeped in royal history. Edward the Confessor was the first royal to take interest in the area as he established a hunting lodge here which over the years would become a palace or 'bower' and it is believed, though disputed, that he may have died in the house that he had loved so much before being buried at Westminster Abbey.

The surrounding areas, including the parishes of Hornchurch and Romford,<ref name=vision/> formed the Royal Liberty of Havering from 1465 to 1892. For the next 600 years royalty used the house of Havering Palace for various reasons, adding the architectural style of the day to the expanding palace.

Another palace was purchased by Henry VIII, east of the village called Pyrgo to relieve the now ageing Havering Palace. Into the 17th century the Royal Palace of Havering was in decline and was eventually pulled down. Pyrgo was also demolished later, in the 18th century. Only one set of plans exists from the original Havering Palace, courtesy of a survey by Lord Burghley in 1578.

Dame Tipping School in the village was founded by Dame Anne Tipping who was daughter of Thomas Chief a governor of the Tower of London. The school opened in 1891 and is still running today with the same main building since the school was founded, but through the years the school has had various changes and extensions.

Immanuel School, on the site of the old Havering Grange, at the bottom of Orange Tree Hill, is a Christian school operated by Immanuel Ministries for children ages 3 to 16.

The village green still has on display its original village stocks, while on the opposite side of the road is a pond known as "Ducking Pond", rumoured to have been used for trials of witches. Though the name of the pond suggests such a history, hard evidence is yet to be uncovered. However, there are currently plans to construct a replica ducking stool at the site.

The history of the area dates back to Saxon times and archaeological finds in and around Havering Country Park suggest a Roman Villa or similar structure in the area.

Havering-atte-Bower is now home to English singer Imogen Heap.

Geography

The ancient village sits on one of the highest points in London, in the far north of the borough and near the M25 motorway. It is situated 344 feet (105 m) above sea level with striking views of east London, Essex and Kent. To the north is open countryside and to the south are the large suburban developments of Harold Hill and Collier Row.

The village is surrounded by three large parks; the dense woodlands of Havering Country Park (site of one of only two redwood plantations in England, imported from California); Bedfords Park; and Pyrgo Park. The most notable residence in the village now is Bower House, built in 1729 by John Baynes, using some of the materials of the former Havering Palace. The area is on the route of the London Outer Orbital Path.

A village sign, funded by the East London Community Foundation and Havering-atte-Bower Conservation Society, was unveiled by Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London on 3 September 2010.

Transport

Transport is quite limited in this area, with only one main route, Route 375. Route 575 also passes through the area, but this only has one return journey.

Route Number Route Via Operator Operation
375 Template:Access icon Passingford Bridge to Romford Station Template:Rail-interchange. Stapleford Abbots, Collier Row. Arriva Southend . Mon-Sat every 90 minutes. London Buses service. Times
575 Template:Access icon Epping High Street to Lakeside Shopping Centre. Debden, Abridge, Stapleford Abbots, Collier Row, Romford Template:Rail-interchange Blue Triangle Mon-Fri 1 return journey. Times

Template:End

Also see London Bus Routes and Essex Bus Routes.

The nearest railway station is at Romford. There are frequent services from Romford Station to London and East Anglia. Both routes 375 and 575 can be used to reach here.

References

Template:Reflist Past, Present and Future of Havering DVD

External links

Template:Commons category

Template:LB Havering Template:London Outer Orbital Path