Hungarian Academy of Sciences

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The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS; Template:Lang-hu, MTA) is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest.

History

The history of the academy began in 1825 when Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Pressburg (Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the Hungarian Parliament at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the Hungarian language and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845.

Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in neo-Renaissance style. The architect was Friedrich August Stüler.

Sections of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

File:Szechenyi felajanlasa litografia.jpg
Count István Széchenyi offers one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society.

Today it has eleven main sections:

  • I. Linguistics and Literary Studies Section
  • II. Philosophy and Historical Studies Section,
  • III. Mathematical Sciences Section,
  • IV. Agricultural Sciences Section,
  • V. Medical Sciences Section,
  • VI. Technical Sciences Section,
  • VII. Chemical Sciences Section,
  • VIII. Biological Sciences Section,
  • IX. Economics and Law Section,
  • X. Earth Sciences Section,
  • XI. Physical Sciences Section.

Presidents of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

József Teleki November 17, 1830 - February 15, 1855
Emil Dessewffy April 17, 1855 – January 10, 1866
József Eötvös March 18, 1866 – February 2, 1871
Menyhért Lónyay May 17, 1871 – November 3, 1884
Ágoston Trefort May 28, 1885 – August 22, 1888
Loránd Eötvös May 3, 1889 – October 5, 1905
Albert Berzeviczy November 27, 1905 – March 22, 1936
Joseph Habsburg March 22, 1936 – October 1944
Gyula Kornis March 7, 1945 – October 29, 1945
Gyula Moór October 29, 1945 – July 24, 1946
Zoltán Kodály July 24, 1946 – November 29, 1949
István Rusznyák November 29, 1949 – February 5, 1970
Tibor Erdey-Grúz February 5, 1970 – August 16, 1976
János Szentágothai October 26, 1976 – May 6, 1977
János Szentágothai May 6, 1977 – May 10, 1985
Iván Berend May 10, 1985 – May 24, 1990
Domokos Kosáry May 24, 1990 – May 9, 1996
Ferenc Glatz May 9, 1996 – May 4, 2002
Szilveszter Vizi May 5, 2002 – May 6, 2008
József Pálinkás May 6, 2008

Research institutes

  • ATOMKI, Institute of Nuclear Research
  • Research Institute for Linguistics
  • Computer and Automation Research Institute (SZTAKI)
  • Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics
  • KFKI Research Institutes
  • Biological Research Centre, Szeged
  • Chemical Research Center of the HAS
  • HAS Research Institute of Philosophy
  • HAS Institute for Psychology*
  • HAS Institute for Astronomy

Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts

Template:Main The Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts (Template:Lang-hu) was created in 1992 as an academy associated yet independent from the HAS. Some of the known members are György Konrád, Magda Szabó, Péter Nádas writers, Zoltán Kocsis pianist, Miklós Jancsó, István Szabó film directors. The current president is Károly Makk, film director, who succeeded László Dobszay (resigned on April 20, 2011).

References

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External links

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