King's Cross St. Pancras tube station

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Use British English Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox London station

King's Cross St. Pancras is a London Underground station located within the London Borough of Camden. It serves King's Cross and Template:Stnlnk main line stations and falls within fare zone 1.

Interchange

King's Cross St Pancras is the biggest interchange station on the London Underground, serving six lines on four pairs of tracks as well as two National Rail stations:

  • On the Hammersmith & City / Circle / Metropolitan lines, between Template:LUL stations (west) and Template:LUL stations (east). The three lines share common tracks in this area.
  • On the Northern line Template:LUL stations branch, between Template:LUL stations (south-west) and Template:LUL stations (east).
  • On the Piccadilly line, between Template:LUL stations (south-west) and Template:LUL stations (north-east).
  • On the Victoria line, between Euston (south-west) and Template:LUL stations (north-east).
  • King's Cross serves long distance inter city services on the East Coast Main Line and regional services mainly for commuters.
  • St. Pancras station provides inter-city services on the Midland Main Line, international and high speed commuter services via High Speed 1 and commuter services via Thameslink, and international services operated by Eurostar

Ticket halls

The underground part of the station underwent extensive remodelling works to increase throughflow of passengers resulting from the opening of High Speed 1. The expanded station now has four entrances, and was completed in November 2009.

  • The main ticket hall (sometimes referred to as the "Tube Ticket Hall") is in front of King's Cross station. It has been expanded and refurbished and is signposted as the 'Euston Road' way out from the tube lines.
  • The Pentonville Road entrance: this used to be the ticket hall for Template:Stnlnk station and had underground passageway connections to the Piccadilly and Victoria lines. It was taken over by London Underground when the Thameslink platforms closed. The entrance is not open at weekends and the ticket office has been permanently closed, with ticket machines remaining.
  • The Western Ticket Hall is under the forecourt of St Pancras station, adjacent to Euston Road. It provides access to St Pancras Station via the St Pancras undercroft and opened on 28 May 2006.
  • The Northern Ticket Hall is west of King's Cross station platform 8, underneath the new main concourse. The London Underground ticket hall and associated connections to the tube lines were opened on 29 November 2009. The hall is convenient for the proposed King's Cross Central development and has a connection to the transverse passageway of St Pancras mainline station. It is signposted as the 'Regent's Canal' way out from the tube lines.

History

File:Kings cross tunnel.jpg
A tunnel leading to the Pentonville Road entrance (formerly a connection to the Thameslink platforms)

The first underground station at King's Cross opened as part of the original section of the Metropolitan Railway in 1863 and was rearranged in 1868 and 1926. New platforms for the sub-surface lines of the Underground were opened about Template:Convert to the west in 1941 to make interchanging between the sub-surface lines and the tube lines easier; the 1868 platforms later became the former Template:Stnlnk station, which closed on 9 December 2007 when the Thameslink service moved to St Pancras International. One of the platforms may be seen from Underground trains between the present station and Template:LUL stations.

The Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now part of the Piccadilly line) platforms opened with the rest of the line in December 1906, while the City & South London Railway (C&SLR, now part of the Northern line) arrived in May 1907. The Victoria line platforms came into use on 1 December 1968 with the opening of the second phase of the line. The Victoria line escalators cut through the location of the original Piccadilly line lifts.

File:Kingscrossmemorial.jpg
Memorial plaque to the 1987 fire in the station

On 18 November 1987 the station was the scene of a devastating fire that killed 31 people. The cause was attributed to a lit match falling into, and setting fire to, an escalator machine room, combined with a then-unknown fire phenomenon of the trench effect, which caused the fire to explode into the station. As a result, fire safety procedures on the Underground were tightened, staff training was improved and wooden steps on escalators were replaced with metal ones. The existing prohibition of smoking throughout the London Underground network was tightened. Due to the extensive damage caused by the fire, it took over a year to repair and reopen the station; the Northern line platforms and the escalators from the ticket hall to the Piccadilly line remained closed until 5 March 1989.

On 7 July 2005, as part of a co-ordinated bomb attack, an explosion in a Piccadilly line train travelling between King's Cross St Pancras and Russell Square resulted in the deaths of 26 people.

Future proposals

Crossrail 2

Template:Main Since 1991, a route for a potential Crossrail 2 has been safeguarded, including a connection at King's Cross St Pancras.<ref name="islington_457">Template:Cite web</ref> The proposed scheme would offer a second rail link between King's Cross and Template:LUL stations in addition to the Victoria line. The locations for any new stations on the route will depend on the loading gauge of the final scheme. In the 2007 safeguarded route, the next stations would be Template:LUL stations and Template:LUL stations.

York Road

Template:Main In 2005 a business case was prepared to re-open the disused York Road tube station on the Piccadilly line, to serve the Kings Cross Central development and help relieve congestion at King's Cross St Pancras.<ref name="kce_yorkroad">Template:Cite web</ref> York Road station closed in 1932 and was about Template:Convert north of King's Cross St Pancras.

Transport links

London bus routes 10, 17, 30, 45, 46, 59, 63, 73, 91, 205, 214, 259, 390, 476 and night routes N63, N73, N91 and N205 serve the station.

See also

  • 7 July 2005 London bombings
  • King's Cross fire
  • London King's Cross railway station
  • St. Pancras railway station

References

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External links

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