Lichtental is a part of the district of Alsergrund, Vienna. It was an independent municipality until 1850.
- Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein (1657–1712) lived here.
- Caterina Cavalieri (1755–1801), opera singer, was born here.
- Therese Grob (1798–1875), the first love of the composer Franz Schubert, was born here.
- Anton von Schmerling (1805–1893), Austrian politician, was born here.