London Borough of Brent
Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox London Borough The London Borough of Brent (Template:Audio) is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London. The major areas are Kilburn, Wembley and Willesden. It borders the boroughs of Harrow to the north-west, Barnet to the north-east, Camden to the east and Ealing, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Kensington and Chelsea to the south, and Westminster to the south-east. Most of the eastern border is formed by the Roman road Watling Street, now the modern A5. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Brent is home to Wembley Stadium, one of the country's biggest landmarks, as well as Wembley Arena. The local authority is Brent London Borough Council.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics and local government
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Amenities and culture
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the borough.
Politics and local government
Brent is divided into 21 Electoral Wards. Some wards share a name with the traditional areas above, others include Barnhill, Dudden Hill, Fryent, Mapesbury and Welsh Harp.
The Brent borough includes three parliamentary constituencies: Brent North, Brent Central, and Hampstead and Kilburn, which also includes part of the London Borough of Camden. Before the 2010 United Kingdom general election it was divided into three constituencies contained wholly within the borough - Brent South, Brent East and Brent North.
Labour regained control of the borough at the Council elections held on Thursday 6 May 2010. The political composition of Brent Council following the 2010 local elections was:
- Liberal Democrats: 16
- Labour: 40
- Conservative: 7
The leader of the Council is Labour Councillor Muhammad Butt.
In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 2,022. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 5,646 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1960s, when industry began to relocate from London.
In the 2001 Census, the borough had a population of 263,464 – of whom 127,806 were male, and 135,658 female. Of those stating a choice, 47.71% described themselves as Christian, 17.71% as Hindu, 12.26% as Muslim and 10% as having no religion. Of the population, 39.96% were in full-time employment and 7.86% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 23.17% owning their house outright, and a further 31.33% owning with a mortgage. 10.59% were in local authority housing, with a further 13.29% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.
The borough of Brent is ethnically diverse. In the 2011 census, those who claimed a British white heritage made up 18% of the borough's population alongside 18% with other white heritage and 5% mixed heritage, with South Asian heritage about 33%, African and Caribbean heritage about 19% and other ethnic groups about 7%. About 4% of the population is White Irish, the highest in London and the highest in any local authority in England and Wales. The White ethnic group as a proportion was the largest in the Mapesbury, Brondesbury Park, Queen's Park and Kilburn wards; the Black counterpart in Stonebridge, Harlesden and Kensal Green wards; and Asian in Alperton, Wembley Central and Kenton wards.
The Wembley Central ward has a White British population proportion of 5.4% - the sixth-lowest in London. This is followed by Alperton (7.1%), Tokyngton (8.5%), Sudbury (10.6%) and Stonebridge (11.8%). The Alperton ward had the largest decrease of White British population, by over 56% between 2001 and 2011. Several southeastern wards made an increase in this figure, with the Queen's Park ward having the largest increase of White British population, by between 5 and 10%.
As of 2011, 41.5% identify themselves as Christian, 18.6% Muslim, 17.8% Hindu, and 10.6% irreligious.
Template:Main Major districts of Brent include: Kilburn, Willesden and Wembley.
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate). Template:Weather box
Diageo has its head office in Park Royal and in the London Borough of Brent, on a former Guinness brewery property.<ref name="Henriettaend">Dunkley, Jamie. "Drinks maker Diageo to close London office." The Daily Telegraph. 20 March 2009. Retrieved on 1 September 2011.</ref> The brewery was closed in 2004; it had produced beer since 1936. Diageo planned to move its head office to Brent from Central London when the lease on the Central London office expired in 2010.<ref name="Henriettaend"/>
Brent is the joint fourth-worst Borough in London for levels of child poverty. Save the Children reported in 2011 that 11,000 children are impoverished.
Amenities and culture
Brent is very ethnically diverse, having large chunks of populations from various ethnic groups. There is a large Indian community, residing mainly in the west in the Wembley area. The Ealing Road between Wembley and Alperton contains numerous Indian businesses, such as traditional clothing stores. There is also a large Black African and Caribbean population, focusing on Harlesden. There are a lot of Caribbean restaurants in Harlesden's central area. The Irish population as a percentage proportion in Brent is the largest in the capital. Most Irish reside around the Willesden, Dollis Hill, Brondesbury and Kilburn areas, and there are several traditional Irish pubs in those districts. There is also a small Brazilian/Portuguese community between Harlesden and Kensal Green.
Brent Street Dancers
Brent won the country's Street Dance Award held in the spring of 2009.
Recycling has been compulsory in the borough of Brent since 2008.Through a green box collection scheme the borough aims to improve on the 25 per cent recycled waste it already achieves.
London Fire Brigade
The London Borough of Brent has three fire stations within the borough: Park Royal, Wembley and Willesden. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Most notably, Wembley National Stadium is within the area - on match days the safety of over 90,000 people is the responsibility of the London Fire Brigade. Wembley covers the largest area in the borough, 19.1 kmsq.<ref name="London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile">http://www.london-fire.gov.uk/about_us/media/Brent.pdf London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile</ref> Two pumping appliances, a fire rescue unit and an aerial ladder platform are based there. Willesden, for its relatively small, in comparison to Wembley, station ground (10.5 kmsq), responded to over a thousand incidents in 2006/2007.<ref name="London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile"/> Two pumping appliances reside there. Park Royal, with its one pumping appliance and an incident response unit, has one of the smallest station grounds; just 8.1 kmsq.
Within the borough, 4,105 incidents occurred in 2006/2007.<ref name="London Fire Brigade - Brent Profile"/>
The numerous National Rail, London Underground and London Overground stations in the borough are:
- Alperton tube station
- Dollis Hill tube station
- Harlesden station
- Kensal Green station
- Kenton station
- Kilburn Park tube station
- Kilburn tube station
- Kingsbury tube station
- Neasden tube station
- North Wembley station
- Northwick Park tube station
- Preston Road tube station
- Queen's Park station
- South Kenton station
- Stonebridge Park station
- Sudbury Town tube station
- Sudbury & Harrow Road station
- Wembley Central station
- Wembley Park tube station
- Wembley Stadium station
- Willesden Green tube station
- Willesden Junction station
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.3% of all residents aged 16-74; driving a car or van, 11.5%; bus, minibus or coach, 11.5%; on foot, 4.6%; train, 4.5%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; bicycle, 1.7%.
- Wembley Stadium
- Wembley Arena
- Neasden Temple
- Harlesden Jubilee Clock
- Brent Town Hall
Parks and open spaces
- Roe Green Park
- Queen's Park
- Roundwood Park
- Tiverton Green
- Gladstone Park
Sport and leisure
The Borough has three Non-League football clubs:
- Tokyngton Manor F.C., which plays at Spratleys Meadow.
- Wembley F.C., which plays at Vale Farm stadium
- South Kilburn F.C. which plays at Vale Farm stadium.