London Stock Exchange Group
Template:Infobox company thumb thumb The London Stock Exchange Group plc is a British-based stock exchange and financial information company. The British-based company London Stock Exchange Group is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It owns the Borsa Italiana, MillenniumIT and London Stock Exchange.
The London Stock Exchange was founded in Sweeting's Alley in London in 1801.<ref name="history">London Stock Exchange History</ref> It moved to Capel Court the following year.<ref name="history"/>
In 1972 the Exchange moved to a new purpose-built building and trading floor in Threadneedle Street. Deregulation, sometimes known as "big bang", came in 1986 and external ownership of member firms was allowed for the first time.<ref name="history"/> In 1995 the Alternative Investment Market was launched and in 2004 the Exchange moved again, this time to Paternoster Square.<ref name="history"/>
Nasdaq built up a stake of over 30% in the Exchange in 2007 in a failed attempt to acquire it. It has since sold its investment.
In 2007 the Exchange acquired the Milan-based Borsa Italiana for 1.6bn euro (£1.1bn; $2bn) to form the London Stock Exchange Group plc. The combination was intended to diversify the LSE's product offering and customer base. The all-share deal diluted the stakes of existing LSE shareholders, with Borsa Italiana shareholders receiving new shares representing 28 per cent of the enlarged register.
On 16 September 2009, the London Stock Exchange Group agreed to acquire Millennium Information Technologies, Ltd., a Sri Lankan based software company specialising in trading systems, for US$30m (£18m). The acquisition was completed on 19 October 2009.
On 9 February 2011 TMX Group, operator of the Toronto Stock Exchange agreed to join forces with the London Stock Exchange Group in a deal described by TMX head Tom Kloet as a 'merger of equals' (though 8/15 board members of the combined entity will be appointed by LSE, 7/15 by TMX). The deal, subject to government approval would create the world's largest exchange operator for mining stocks. In the UK the LSE Group first announced it as a takeover, however in Canada the deal was reported as a merger. The provisional name for the combined group would be LTMX Group plc. On 13 June, 2011, a rival, and hostile bid from the Maple Group of Canadian interests, was unveiled for the TMX Group. This was a cash and stock bid of $3.7 billion CAD, launched in the hope of blocking the LSE Group's takeover of TMX. The group was composed of the leading banks and financial institutions of Canada. The London Stock Exchange however announced it was terminating the merger with TMX on 29 June 2011 citing that "LSEG and TMX Group believe that the merger is highly unlikely to achieve the required two-thirds majority approval at the TMX Group shareholder meeting".
In July 2012, the LSE bought a 5% stake in Delhi Stock Exchange.
Following the merger with Borsa Italiana, the group is Europe's leading equities business, with 48% of the FTSEurofirst 100 by market capitalisation and with the most liquid order book by value and volume traded.
London Stock Exchange
The London Stock Exchange is Europe's leading stock exchange and is owned by the London Stock Exchange Group plc.
Borsa Italiana is Italy's leading stock exchange and is owned by the London Stock Exchange Group plc.
MillenniumIT was acquired by LSEG in 2009 as their technology service provider. It is offering world's fastest trading platform known as Millennium Exchange for most of leading stock markets in the world.
CC&G is the Italian Central Counterparty that the LSE purchased along with Borsa Italiana in 2007.
Monte Titoli is the Italian Central Securities Depository for Italian issued financial instruments. It performs pre-settlement, settlement and custody services for its member participants. It was created in 1978 and acquired by the Borsa Italiana in 2002 before becoming part of the LSEG.
Tokyo Stock Exchange joint venture
In July 2008 the LSE and the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) announced a new joint venture Tokyo-based market, which will be based on the LSE's Alternative Investment Market (AIM).
On 21 December 2009, the LSE agreed to take a 60% stake in rival trading platform Turquoise, which currently has a 7% share of the market. Turquoise will be merged with the LSE's trading facility Baikal Global.
On the 3 April, 2012, LSE and LCH.Clearnet shareholders voted overwhelmingly to take up to 60 percent of the clearing operator with an offer of 20 euros per share, which values LCH.Clearnet at 813 million euros ($1.1 billion).
London Stock Exchange Group owns the index company FTSE.
- Market maker
- Alternative Investment Market
- List of stock exchanges