Lord's Cricket Ground

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Template:Use dmy dates Template:Use British English Template:Infobox cricket ground

Lord's Cricket Ground, generally known as Lord's, is a cricket venue in St John's Wood, London. Named after its founder, Thomas Lord, it is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and is the home of Middlesex County Cricket Club, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), the European Cricket Council (ECC) and, until August 2005, the International Cricket Council (ICC). Lord's is widely referred to as the "home of cricket" and is home to the world's oldest sporting museum.

Lord's today is not on its original site, being the third of three grounds that Lord established between 1787 and 1814. His first ground, now referred to as Lord's Old Ground, was where Dorset Square now stands. His second ground, Lord's Middle Ground, was used from 1811 to 1813 before being abandoned to make way for the construction through its outfield of the Regent's Canal. The present Lord's ground is about Template:Convert north-west of the site of the Middle Ground. The ground can hold 28,000 spectators. Proposals are being developed to increase capacity and amenity.<ref name=ft>Template:Cite news</ref> Template:As of, it was proposed to redevelop the ground at a cost of around £200? million over a 14-year period.<ref name=Tel2>Template:Cite news</ref>

The current ground will celebrate its two hundredth anniversary in 2014. To mark the occasion, on 5th June a Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) XI captained by Sachin Tendulkar will play a Rest of the World XI led by Shane Warne in a 50 overs match.

Early history

The earliest known match played on the current Lord's Cricket Ground was Marylebone Cricket Club v Hertfordshire on 22 June 1814.

The annual Eton v Harrow match was first played on the Old Ground in 1805, and on the present Lord's Cricket Ground in July 1818.

Ground

Stands

Template:As of, the stands at Lord's are (clockwise from Pavilion):

  • Pavilion
  • Warner Stand
  • Grandstand
  • Compton Stand
  • Media Centre
  • Edrich Stand
  • Mound Stand
  • Tavern Stand
  • Allen Stand

Much of Lord's Cricket Ground was rebuilt in the late 20th century. In 1987 the new Mound Stand, designed by Sir Michael Hopkins, was opened, followed by the Grandstand (by Nicholas Grimshaw) in 1996. Most notably, the Media Centre (by Future Systems) was added in 1998-9 which won The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize for 1999. The ground can currently hold up to 32,000 spectators. The two ends of the pitch are the Pavilion end (south-west), where the main members' Pavilion is located, and the Nursery end (north-east), dominated by the Media Centre.

Pavilion

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File:Lord's Pavillion.jpg
The Victorian-era Pavilion

The main survivor of the Victorian era is The Pavilion with its famous Long Room; this was built in 1889–90 to the designs of architect Thomas Verity. This historic landmarkTemplate:Mdash a Grade II*-listed buildingTemplate:Mdash underwent an £8 million refurbishment programme in 2004–05. The pavilion is primarily for members of MCC who may use its amenities including seats for viewing the cricket, the Long Room and other facilities such as the Long Room Bar, the Bowlers Bar, a members shop etc. For Middlesex matches the Pavilion is open to members of the Middlesex County Club. The Pavilion also contains the dressing rooms where players change, each of which has a small balcony for players to watch the play. In each of the two main dressing rooms are honours boards which commemorate all the centuries scored in Test matches on the Lord’s ground and all instances of a bowler's taking five wickets in a Test innings and ten wickets in a Test match.

The only cricketer to hit a ball over the pavilion was Albert Trott off Monty Noble on 31 July 1899.

Old Father Time

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Another highly visible feature of the ground is Old Father Time, a weather vane in the shape of Father Time, currently adorning a stand on the south-east side of the field.

Media Centre

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The Media Centre was commissioned in time for the 1999 Cricket World Cup and was the first all aluminium, semi-monocoque building in the world. It was built and fitted-out in two boatyards and uses boat-building technology. The centre stands Template:Convert above the ground and its sole support comes from the structure around its two lift shaftsTemplate:Mdash it is approximately the same height as the Pavilion directly opposite it on the other side of the ground. The lower tier of the centre provides accommodation for over 100 journalists and the top tier has radio and television commentary boxes. The centre’s only opening window is in the broadcasting box used by Test Match Special. The building was awarded the RIBA Stirling Prize for architecture in 1999.

Tavern Stand

File:Lord's Cricket Ground Lord Harris Memorial.jpg
This memorial stone to Lord Harris is in the Harris Garden at Lord's

The Lord's Taverners, a charitable group comprising cricketers and cricket-lovers, take their name from the old Tavern pub at Lord's, where the organisation's founders used to congregate. The pub no longer exists, and the Tavern Stand now stands on its former site. However, a new pub of the same name is open in the grounds, as well as the Members Bar, in the Pavilion. Unlike other international cricket venues, Lord's permits patrons to bring limited quantities of beer or wine into the ground for personal consumption.

Field

File:Lords south stands.jpg
The Mound Stand public area on the left and the Tavern Stand members area on the right. The famous Old Father Time weather vane and clock is also visible

One of the most distinctive and famous features of the Lord's ground is the significant slope across the field. The north-west side of the playing surface is six feet eight inches higher than the south-east side. This slope causes appreciable deviation in bounce of the ball on the pitch, making it easier to move the ball in to right-handed batsmen when bowling from the Pavilion end, and easier to move it away when bowling from the Nursery end. The outfield was notorious for becoming waterlogged until clay soil was relaid with sand over the winter of 2002–2003, resulting in considerable reduction of loss of play due to rainfall.

Grace Gates

Template:Details One of the features of the ground is the pair of ornamental gates, named in honour of W. G. Grace. In 1923, the W. G. Grace Memorial Gates were erected at the St John's Wood Road entrance to the ground. They were designed by Sir Herbert Baker and the opening ceremony was performed by Sir Stanley Jackson, who had suggested the inclusion of the words The Great Cricketer in the dedication.

Floodlights

File:Lordsatnight.jpg
Twenty20 match at Lord's: Middlesex vs Kent, 27 May 2009
Temporary floodlights were installed at the ground in 2007 but were removed in 2008 after complaints of light pollution from residents of St. John's Wood. In January 2009, the Westminster Council approved use of new retractable floodlights designed to minimize light spillage into nearby homes. Conditions of the approval included a five-year trial period during which up to 12 matches and 4 practice matches could be played under the lights from April to September. The lights must be dimmed to half-strength at 9.50 pm and be switched off by 11 pm. The floodlights were first used successfully on 27 May 2009 during the Twenty20 Cup match between Middlesex and Kent.

Cricket usage

Lord's hosts Test matches, one-day internationals, some Middlesex home matches, MCC matches and (starting with a fixture between Middlesex and Surrey in July 2004) some of Middlesex's home Twenty20 games.

Lord's typically hosts two Tests every summer plus two one-day internationals. Lord's also plays host to the finals of the National Village Cricket Competition, the MCC Universities Challenge tournament and The Friends Provident Trophy. Furthermore, two matches in the Twenty20 Cup, but not the competition's finals day, are played at Lord's each season.

The oldest permanent fixture at Lord's is the annual Eton versus Harrow match which began in 1805 (Lord Byron played in the 1805 Harrow XI) and celebrated its bicentenary in 2005. The match is always fiercely contested. Since 2000 it has been 55 overs per side, but before that it was declaration and before that it was two innings per side over two days. Eton has the balance of wins, but the victor in the bicentenary year was Harrow.

MCC Museum

File:Lords Wall.jpg
Perimeter wall display at Lord's

Lord's is the home of the MCC Museum, which is the oldest sports museum in the world, and contains the world's most celebrated collection of cricket memorabilia, including The Ashes urn. MCC has been collecting memorabilia since 1864. The items on display include cricket kit used by, e.g., Victor Trumper, Jack Hobbs, Don Bradman and Shane Warne, many items related to the career of W. G. Grace; and curiosities such as the stuffed sparrow that was 'bowled out' by Jahangir Khan of Cambridge University in delivering a ball to T. N. Pearce batting for M.C.C on 3 July 1936. It also contains the battered copy of Wisden that helped to sustain E. W. Swanton through his captivity in a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp during World War II. The Museum continues to collect historic artefacts and also commissions new paintings and photography. A recently opened exhibition, which celebrates the life and career of Brian Lara, is especially suitable for children. It contains the Brian Johnston Memorial Theatre, a cinema which screens historical cricket footage for visitors.

Test matches at Lord's

File:Lords test match.jpg
England v New Zealand in a Test match at Lord's, May 2004

Over one hundred Test matches have been played at Lord's, the first in 1884 when England defeated Australia by an innings and 5 runs. Australia's first win was in 1888 by 61 runs. South Africa played their first Test match at Lord's in 1907 and the ground was the host to an Australia v South Africa Test match in 1912. The West Indies appeared in a Test match at Lord's for the first time in 1928, to be followed by New Zealand (1931), India (1932), Pakistan (1954), Sri Lanka (1984), Zimbabwe (2000) and Bangladesh (2005). The hundredth Lord's Test match was in 2000, England v West Indies. As of 25 August 2010 England have played 119 Test matches at Lord's, winning 45, losing 28 and drawing 46. Personal achievements by cricketers in Test matches at the ground are recognised with the names of century makers and of bowlers taking five wickets in an innings, or ten wickets in a match, being inscribed on the honours boards in the home and away dressing rooms.

Lord's hosts two Test matches each summer, one match for each visiting team. In 2010, the stadium hosted three Test matches. As well as England's matches against Bangladesh and Pakistan, a Test match between Australia and Pakistan was held at the stadium in July. Lord's was the venue of the 2000th test match when England hosted India from 21 to 25 July 2011.

Other sports

A baseball game was held at Lord's during the Great War to raise funds for the Canadian Widows and Orphans Fund. A Canadian team played an American team in a match watched by 10,000 people. Bowls, tennis, archery and several other sports have been played at Lord's in the past, but never rugby or football.

Lord's was also one of the venues for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The archery competition took place in front of the Pavilion, with the archers positioned in front of the Allen Stand and the targets placed in front of the Grandstand. Lord's also houses a real tennis court.

Test match records

Individual records

Batting

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Most career runs
Runs Player Period
2015 (39 Innings) Template:Flagicon Graham Gooch 1975–1994
1562 (31 Innings) Template:Flagicon Andrew Strauss 2004–2012
1476 (37 Innings) Template:Flagicon Alec Stewart 1990–2003
1241 (30 Innings) Template:Flagicon David Gower 1978–1990
1228 (23 Innings) Template:Flagicon Kevin Pietersen 2005–

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Most career runs (Non-England)
Runs Player Period
575 (7 Innings) Template:Flagicon Warren Bardsley 1909–1926
571 (9 Innings) Template:Flagicon Garfield Sobers 1957–1973
551 (8 Innings) Template:Flagicon Donald Bradman 1930–1948
508 (8 Innings) Template:Flagicon Dilip Vengsarkar 1979–1990
503 (9 Innings) Template:Flagicon Allan Border 1980–1993

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Highest individual score
Runs Player Year
333 vs India Template:Flagicon Graham Gooch 1990
259 vs England Template:Flagicon Graeme Smith 2003
254 vs England Template:Flagicon Donald Bradman 1930
240 vs Australia Template:Flagicon Wally Hammond 1938
226 vs Bangladesh Template:Flagicon Jonathan Trott 2010

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Most centuries
Centuries Player Period
6 (39 Innings) Template:Flagicon Graham Gooch 1975–1994
6 (19 Innings) Template:Flagicon Michael Vaughan 2000–2008
5 (23 Innings) Template:Flagicon Kevin Pietersen 2005–2011
5 (28 Innings) Template:Flagicon Andrew Strauss 2004–2012
4 (24 Innings) Template:Flagicon Allan Lamb 1982–1992

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Bowling

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Most career wickets
Wickets Player Period
69 (26 Innings) Template:Flagicon Ian Botham 1978–1992
63 (24 Innings) Template:Flagicon Fred Trueman 1952–1965
58 (25 Innings) Template:Flagicon James Anderson 2003–
47 (20 Innings) Template:Flagicon Stuart Broad 2008–
47 (16 Innings) Template:Flagicon Bob Willis 1973–1984

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Most career wickets (Non-England)
Wickets Player Period
26 (6 Innings) Template:Flagicon Glenn McGrath 1997–2005
26 (8 Innings) Template:Flagicon Richard Hadlee 1978–1990
20 (5 Innings) Template:Flagicon Malcolm Marshall 1984–1991
20 (7 Innings) Template:Flagicon Courtney Walsh 1988–2000
19 (6 Innings) Template:Flagicon Charlie Turner 1888–1893

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Best innings figures
Figures Player Year
8/34 vs Pakistan Template:Flagicon Ian Botham 1978
8/38 vs England Template:Flagicon Glenn McGrath 1997
8/43 vs Australia Template:Flagicon Hedley Verity 1934
8/43 vs Pakistan Template:Flagicon Derek Underwood 1974
8/51 vs England Template:Flagicon Bob Massie 1972

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Best match figures
Figures Player Year
16/137 vs England Template:Flagicon Bob Massie 1972
15/104 vs Australia Template:Flagicon Hedley Verity 1934
13/71 vs Pakistan Template:Flagicon Derek Underwood 1974
12/101 vs South Africa Template:Flagicon Roy Tattersall 1951
11/70 vs New Zealand Template:Flagicon Derek Underwood 1969

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Team records

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Highest innings score
Score Team Year
729/6 d Template:Cr vs England 1930
682/6 d Template:Cr vs England 2003
653/4 d Template:Cr vs India 1990
652/8 d Template:Cr vs England 1973
632/4 d Template:Cr vs England 1993

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Lowest completed innings
Score Team Year
42 Template:Cr vs England 1974
47 Template:Cr vs England 1958
53 Template:Cr vs Australia 1888
53 Template:Cr vs England 1896
54 Template:Cr vs England 2000

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Partnership records

Highest partnerships
Runs Wicket Players Match Year
370 3rd Denis Compton (208) & Bill Edrich (189) Template:Cr vs South Africa 1947
332 8th Jonathan Trott (184) & Stuart Broad (169) Template:Cr vs Pakistan 2010
308 3rd Graham Gooch (333) & Allan Lamb (139) Template:Cr vs India 1990
291 2nd Robert Key (221) & Andrew Strauss (137) Template:Cr vs West Indies 2004
287* 2nd Gordon Greenidge (214*) & Larry Gomes (92*) Template:Cr vs England 1984
286 4th Ian Bell (199) & Kevin Pietersen (152) Template:Cr vs South Africa 2008

All records correct as of 28 August 2010.

See also

  • List of international cricket centuries at Lord's Cricket Ground

References

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Bibliography

External links

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