Mickleham, Surrey

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Template:Use British English Template:Use dmy dates

Template:Infobox UK place Mickleham is a village and civil parish between the towns of Dorking and Leatherhead in Surrey, England covering Template:Convert. The parish includes the hamlet of Fredley.

History

Mickleham lies near to the old Roman road known as Stane Street. Then, acquiring its Old English based name, the small settlement lay within the Copthorne hundred used for meetings of the wealthy and powerful for strategic purposes in Anglo-Saxon England.

Mickleham appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Michelham and Micleham. It was partly held by Nigel from the Bishop of Bayeux and partly by Oswald from (under) Richard de Tonbridge. Its domesday assets were: 7 hides; 1 church, 7 ploughs, Template:Convert of meadow, woodland worth 4 hogs. It rendered £10 per year to its overlords.

Ninety Victorian workmen, 'considered navvies' died in an accident when a tunnel they were working on collapsed through Norbury Park within the parish. The village has featured prominently in cycling, following the loops of Box Hill adopted by various versions of the London-Surrey Cycle Classic which has acquired a federation of European cycling points status as an annual event, since its use in the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.

Amenities

File:Box Hill School - geograph.org.uk - 1393906.jpg
Box Hill School Old mansion in Mickleham village, now a boarding school. It follows Kurt Hahn principles.

Places of worship

Template:Main

St. Michael's church (in full the "Parish Church of St. Michael and All Angels in Mickleham") has a Norman west tower and a Norman chancel arch, raised in the 1871 restoration by Ewan Christian, who added neo-Norman aisles and east end. The Norbury chapel on the north side is late Perpendicular, with chequerboard flint and clunch walling.

Community facilities and commerce

The village has two pubs (The Running Horses and The King William IV) and a village shop.

Schools

Box Hill School, a private school, is in the village, close to the village shop.

Transport

Roads

The A24 bypasses Mickleham with what is saidTemplate:By whom to be the first dual-carriageway bypass to be built in the United Kingdom.

Railway

Across the A24, and towards Westhumble, Box Hill & Westhumble station provides a link to London and Horsham 150m west of Burford Bridge. Template:Clear

Buses

The 465 bus route runs every hour or half hour (except nights) between Kingston-upon-Thames and Dorking, via Mickleham village.

Localities

Fredley

Due south of the village 300m from its main cluster of buildings is the manor and hamlet of Fredley where is sited the Field Studies Council's Juniper Hall. A further 300, on the boundary which follows the Mole.

The Burford Bridge and the zig-zag road

Here is the hotel that was frequented by Lord Nelson, 150m north of which starts the Zig-Zag road, one of the two local roads for motor vehicles climbing Box Hill.

Norbury Park

Across the Mole and the A24 is Norbury Park. In this is the 'Druids Grove' which is an area of mature Yew trees.

Landmarks

Template:Main The surrounding area contains many Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) including the Mickleham Downs and panoramic beauty spot of Box Hill.

The River Mole flows nearby and indeed as its name suggests the river in places goes underground due to the chalk bed being dissolved in places forming swallow holes (Sinkholes). Ian Middleton tells of his father, sometime in the 1950s, the village police officer P.C. Middleton, looking past his bathroom mirror one morning whilst shaving to see a mature oak tree disappear into the ground. It turned out that the river flowing underground had been gradually wearing away the supporting ground under the tree forming a giant such hole which had collapsed. The subsequent pit was not filled in until 1968 approx when it was still 30 ft deep and 30 ft across. P.C. Middleton also reportedly removed parts from an unexploded V2 rocket which fell in the village during World War II.

Famous inhabitants

  • Richard Bedford Bennett, 1st Viscount Bennett, Prime Minister of Canada from 1930 to 1935, retired here after his life in politics. He is buried in St Michael's Churchyard, the only former Prime Minister of Canada not buried in that country.
  • Lt-Col Sir John Norton-Griffiths, "Empire Jack", was buried at Mickleham Church on 18 October 1930.
  • Detective story writer Cyril Hare was born in Mickleham Hall in 1900 and died at Westhumble in the parish in 1958; he is buried in the churchyard. So is his wife's grandfather, Sir Trevor Lawrence, who had famous orchid houses at Burford Lodge in the parish.
  • Mrs. Maria Drummond lived at Fredley and was buried here.
  • Conversation Sharp, politician, had his country retreat at 'Fredley Farm' and entertained many leading figures of the day there. :
  • William Wingfield (MP), was born here.
  • Calum MacPherson, actor and bon vivant lived here.

Demography and housing

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households<ref name=ons/>
(Civil Parish) 74 51 15 35 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares<ref name=ons/>
(Civil Parish) 585 175 27.4% 24.6% 731

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also

HMS Mickleham, a Ham class minesweeper; the village gave its name to this.

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:Commons category

Template:Mole Valley