Millwall

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For the football team, see Millwall F.C..

Template:Infobox UK place Millwall is an area in London, on the western side of the Isle of Dogs, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It lies to the south of the developments at West India Docks, including Canary Wharf.

History

Millwall is arguably most famous for its football club, Millwall F.C., founded in 1885 as Millwall Rovers.<ref name="Lindsay8">Template:Cite book</ref> Nicknamed The Dockers (now known as The Lions), the team moved south of the river to New Cross in 1910.<ref name="Millwall Official History">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="Millwall origins">Template:Cite web</ref> Occupying four separate grounds on the Isle of Dogs in the 25 years since its formation as a football club, they now play in Bermondsey and retain the Millwall name, despite not having played in the Millwall area for more than 100 years.<ref name="Lindsay3233">Template:Cite book</ref>

Millwall Rugby Club was formed in 1995. The first team plays in the Essex Division 1 league and the seconds are in the Essex Merit Table (Division 2), while the Thirds are playing in the Merit Table (Division 5) having won Division 6 last season. They now also have women's rugby - the Millwall Venus girls - and a youth section for boys and girls from eight years old.

Originally known as Marshwall, its name derives from the large number of windmills built on the river wall, in the 19th century. Corn was brought along the River Thames to be ground into flour here.

Template:Main On 31 January 1858, the largest ship of that time, the SS Great Eastern designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, was launched from Napier Yard, the shipyard leased by Messrs J Scott Russell & Co. The 211 metre (692 ft) length was too wide for the river, and the ship had to be launched sideways.<ref>http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/ConNarrative.61/chapterId/1225/The-Great-Eastern-as-a-passenger-liner.html Port Cities London - "Building the Great Eastern"] accessed 17 Apr 2007</ref> A section of the concrete and timber sub-structure from the launch site is now preserved on site for public display at the modern Napier Avenue. Due to the technical difficulties of the launch, this was the last ship of such a size to be built on the Island, though other builders such as Yarrows and Samuda Brothers continued building warships on the island for another 50 years.

thumb In the 1860s the large Millwall Dock was built, extending from the Thames at Millwall into the centre of the Isle of Dogs. The spoil from the dock was left as the Mudchute.

During the 19th century, the area now called Island Gardens was referred to as North Greenwich, for the North Greenwich railway station, that was opened in 1872 to connect with the ferry that was the forerunner of the Greenwich foot tunnel. The Greenwich peninsula, previously East Greenwich, is now also known by this epithet for the North Greenwich tube station.

thumb Like other parts of the Isle of Dogs, substantial redevelopment has been more or less ongoing since the 1980s, resulting in modern industrial and commercial buildings and hastily constructed contemporary housing beginning to dominate the remaining early 20th century "two up, two down" homes that once housed the dock workers and supporting communities of this area.

Sport

Millwall is arguably most famous for its football club, Millwall F.C., founded in 1885 as Millwall Rovers.<ref name="Lindsay8">Template:Cite book</ref> Nicknamed The Dockers (now known as The Lions), the team moved south of the river to New Cross in 1910.<ref name="Millwall Official History">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="Millwall origins">Template:Cite web</ref> Occupying four separate grounds on the Isle of Dogs in the 25 years since its formation as a football club, they now play in Bermondsey and retain the name Millwall despite not having played in the Millwall area for more than 100 years.<ref name="Lindsay3233">Template:Cite book</ref>

Millwall Rugby Club was formed in 1995. The first team plays in the Essex Division 1 league and the seconds are in the Essex Merit Table (Division 2), while the Thirds are playing in the Merit Table (Division 5) having won Division 6 last season. They now also have women's rugby - the Millwall Venus girls - and a youth section for boys and girls from eight years old.

Politics

Millwall gained some notoriety when, in a council by-election in 1993, Derek Beackon won the British National Party's first council seat there. After a major anti-fascist campaign, the BNP lost the seat at the following full council election.

In September 2004, Tower Hamlets Respect fought its second council election in the borough - standing local activist Paul McGarr. In this previously solid Labour seat, Labour were pushed into third place, and the local Conservative party took its first ever seat on Tower Hamlets council. The Conservative vote had benefited from both the resentment of the original inhabitants over perceived neglect for the area by the local Labour Council and the large number of new riverside apartments aimed at more wealthy homeowners. In the 2006 local elections, the Conservatives took all three seats, defeating former MP Alan Amos.

Education

For details of education in Millwall see the List of schools in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets
  • George Green's School

Transport

Nearest places
  • Cubitt Town
  • West India Docks
  • Greenwich
  • Poplar

The nearest Docklands Light Railway stations are South Quay, Crossharbour, Mudchute and Island Gardens

See also

References

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Template:LB Tower Hamlets