Moorgate station is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station on Moorgate in the City of London, providing weekday National Rail services by First Capital Connect for Hertford, Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth and a daily service on the Circle, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan lines and the Bank branch of the Northern line.
The station was opened in 1865 by the Metropolitan Railway. In 1900 the City & South London Railway added the station to its network, under the name Moorgate Street, and the Great Northern & City Railway began serving the station in 1904. In 1975 it was the site of the Moorgate tube crash in which 43 people were killed — the worst accident in the history of the London Underground.<ref name="rolt">Template:Cite book</ref>
Location and layout
The station has entrances on both Moorgate itself and Moorfields, which runs parallel.
While the public entrances from the street give access to all the train services at the station, at platform level there are three distinct sections.
The Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines of the Underground system all use platforms in the sub-surface station, which has platforms 1 and 2, which are through platforms. Platforms 3 and 4 are west-facing bays used for turning trains back at busy times. Platforms 5 and 6 also exist in this part of the station, but are disused following discontinuation of the former Thameslink trains from Bedford.
The Northern line of the Underground uses platforms 7 and 8, which are in a deep-level tube section of the station.
National Rail services use platforms 9 and 10, which are terminal platforms, the former Northern City Line platforms. Weekday train services run to Welwyn Garden City and to Stevenage via Hertford North.
Increasing traffic by other companies, including goods traffic, led to the track between King's Cross and Moorgate being widened to four tracks in 1868; the route was called the 'City Widened Lines'. Suburban services from the Midland Railway via Kentish Town and the Great Northern Railway via Kings Cross. British Rail services to Moorgate were initially steam operated before being converted to Cravens-built diesel multiple units and British Rail Class 31 locomotives class hauling non-corridor stock which remained in operation until the mid-1970s.
The Northern line platforms were opened by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) as "Moorgate Street" in February 1900 and formed the northern terminus of its services from Template:LUL stations south of the River Thames. The line was extended to Template:LUL stations the following year.
The Northern City Line to Moorgate was opened by the Great Northern & City Railway (GN&CR) in February 1904 offering a service to Template:LUL stations. The route was constructed in tube tunnels, but they were constructed at a diameter capable of accommodating main line trains (in contrast to the majority of London tube tunnels which are much smaller). However the planned through services to the Great Northern Railway's main line were never implemented, and the route remained a simple short route between Moorgate and Finsbury Park, later cut back to run between Moorgate and Drayton Park only due to Victoria Line construction in the 1960s.
Moorgate station was completely modernised at platform level and street level in the 1960s, and the Widened Lines part of the station was extended to six platforms.
43 people were killed and 74 seriously injured in the Moorgate tube crash on 28 February 1975 when a southbound Northern City Line train crashed into buffers at the end of the line at the station inside a tunnel beyond the platform. It was the greatest loss of life on the Underground during peacetime and the worst ever train accident on the system.
British Rail took over control of the Northern City Line from London Underground in 1975, as part of the Great Northern lines suburban electrification. The Highbury Branch of the Northern line was terminated. Services from Finsbury Park to Moorgate were diverted to the Northern City Line from the City Widened Lines the following year. The City Widened Lines were renamed the Moorgate line<ref name="nr_so">Template:Cite book (Retrieved 2011-12-10) </ref> when overhead electrification was installed in 1982, allowing the Midland City Line service to run from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to Moorgate on the Thameslink service. The Moorgate Thameslink branch closed permanently in December 2009 as part of the £6billion Thameslink programme, however as of late October 2013, there is still a sign over Platform 2 with 'Trains to Bedford' and an arrow pointing to the now disused platforms.
Trains do not serve the Northern City Line during late evenings and at weekends, being diverted to Template:Stnlnk instead.
Traction electricity system
Traction current on the Underground lines is supplied by the standard London Underground four rail system.Template:Cn
Crossrail is being built as a new west-east route under central London.
Under the Crossrail plans, the western ticket hall of Crossrail's Template:LUL stations station will be situated just east of Moorgate station. An interchange will be built, which will thus link Moorgate to the Central line at Liverpool Street.<ref name="tt">Template:Cite web</ref><ref name="lon">Template:Cite web</ref>
Moorgate currently has the following National Rail services off-peak Monday - Friday (all operated by First Capital Connect):
- 3tph to Welwyn Garden City via Potters Bar
- 3tph to Hertford North (1tph extended to Letchworth Garden City)
No National Rail trains operate to Moorgate on Saturdays and Sundays.
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London bus routes 21, 43, 76, 100, 133, 141, 153, 205, 214, 271 and night routes N21, N76, N133 and N205 serve the station.
- Template:Ltmcollection Moorgate station building in 1915.
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