National Library of Serbia
Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox library The National Library of Serbia (NLS) (Serbian: ??????? ?????????? ?????? / Narodna biblioteka Srbije) is the national library of Serbia, located in the city of Belgrade, (Vra?ar municipality).
The establishment of the Library is connected to an historical event in February 1832, when Dimitrije Davidovi?, publisher of the first Serbian newspaper, sent a letter about establishing a national library in honour of Prince Miloš Obrenovi?. The same year in November, Prince Miloš ordered the Legal Deposit of copies in the National Library.
During World War I, the Library building and collections were damaged by bombing, so the remaining holdings were moved from Belgrade to Niš and Kragujevac for their protection. After the War, and according to the National Library Act and the Press Law, both from 1919, the Library became the central state Library and obtained the right to acquire an obligatory copy from all over the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
The bombing in the World War II by the Luftwaffe of the main country's Library in a city proclaimed officially open completely destroyed the Library building along with a book collection of 500.000 volumes, an invaluable collection of 1424 Cyrillic manuscripts and charters, a collection of old maps and prints of roughly 1,500 items, collections of 4,000 journals as well as 1,800 newspaper titles, its rich and irreplaceable archives of Turkish documents about Serbia and the complete correspondence of distinguished figures of the cultural and political history of Serbia, and all holdings lists and catalogs.
After the liberation of Belgrade in 1944, under the changed social conditions, there was a period of intensive reconstruction of the lost collections and rapid development of the Library. After the devoted work of the Library staff, the Library again opened its doors to the public in 1947. In 1954, on the 150th anniversary of the First Serbian Uprising, the construction of a new building for the National Library was allowed, and the new Library building (Architect: Ivo Kurtovi?),was opened with a special ceremony on 6 April 1973.
Nowadays, the National Library of Serbia is a modern national library. Its goals are: incorporation into the world’s information flows, recognition within the world’s family of national libraries, as well as becoming an information resource and drive for the development of Serbian society.
From 2001 to 2012 the Chief Executive of the National Library of Serbia was Sreten Ugri?i?. On January 20, 2012 he was removed from his position after widespread attacks were made against him by Serbian media and state officials after he joined a Belgrade writers’ forum that called for freedom of speech and particularly the right of the Montenegrin journalist Andrej Nikolaidis to express opinions that were considered controversial -- specifically Nikolaidis had written that he supported exploding bombs in the Parliament of the Republic of Srpska, and this was defended by a few people as a purported "free speech".
General collection includes: books printed after 1868 in Serbian and other ex-Yu languages and books printed after 1700 in foreign languages, periodicals from Serbia, ex-Yu and abroad, bibliographies, encyclopedias, lexicons, catalogs, dictionaries, directories in classical and electronic form, organized in an open access reference stock.
Special collections contain: old and rare books containing printed books in 18th and 19th century in languages of ex-Yu as well as foreign books up to 1700, bibliophile and miniature editions, literary and other manuscripts and archival documents, cartographic materials, printed music material and phonograms, photographic documents, engravings and picture material, placards and information materials, memorial libraries and legacies.
Manuscript collection includes: handwritten books from 12th to 18th century, mostly Serbian and small numbers of Bulgarian, Macedonian and Russian editions, incunabula and old Serbian printed books from 1494 to 1638, prints from old Serbian carved tablets from 16th to 18th century, microfilms of South Slavonic Cyrillic manuscripts.
Digital library of the National Library of Serbia contains more than 1.000.000 scanned pages in about 70 different collections (Cyrillic manuscripts, old and rare books, books, Serbian children's digital library, newspapers and magazines, cartographic materials, engravings and art material, photographic materials, posters and documentary material, printed music and sound records, catalogs and bibliographies, miscellaneous). NLS also participates in the several international projects such as World Digital Library, with the goal of making Serbian digitised heritage accessible and searchable together with the cultural heritage of other countries. NLS is a partner of the project "Europeana Collections 1914-1918" and as a part of this project has published a thematic digital library Veliki rat (Great War) with valuable collections from the WW1 period.
The Reconstruction of the NLS Interior has been launched in 2007 and was ended in mid-2011, covering the following segments: the main entrance hall for users with exhibition space, the stairway of the entrance hall for users, the toilets at the ground floor and on floor, coffee bar with the kitchen, atrium, main hall on the floor level (floor, ceilings, lighting, information desks for users), all reading rooms at floor level, official entrance at the level of higher ground floor, hall and stairs, the apartment for foreign guests-researchers at the level of lower ground floor, the complete lighting of the NLS and the balconies for users at the level of the main hall and floors. The reconstructed area for the users was opened in September 2011, opening its doors to many existing and new users.
- National Library of Serbia
- Digital National Library of Serbia
- Contact details with map and bus stops nearby
- Online Public Access Catalog of NLS
- Konzorcijum biblioteka Srbije za objedinjenu nabavku (KoBSON)
- The European Library