National Museum of Art of Romania
Template:Refimprove Template:Infobox museum The National Museum of Art of Romania (Template:Lang-ro) is located in the former royal palace in Revolution Square, central Bucharest, Romania, completed in 1837. It features notable collections of medieval and modern Romanian art, as well as the international collection assembled by the Romanian royal family.
In 2005, the National Museum of Art opened the exhibition Shadows and Light from 15 July to 2 October. Four centuries of French painting on exhibition turned out to be the largest exhibition of French painting shown in Central and Eastern Europe after 1945.<ref name="Online Gallery">Template:Cite web</ref> 77 works were exhibited, including masterpieces of painters such as Poussin, Chardin, Ingres, David, Delacroix, Corot, Cézanne, Matisse, Picasso, and Braque.
The museum was damaged during the 1989 Romanian Revolution that led to the downfall of Nicolae Ceau?escu. In 2000, part of the museum reopened to the public, housing the modern Romanian collection and the international collection; the comprehensive Medieval art collection, which now features works salvaged from monasteries destroyed during the Ceau?escu era, reopened in spring 2002. There are also two halls that house temporary exhibits.
The modern Romanian collection features sculptures by Constantin Brâncu?i, Milita Petra?cu, and Dimitrie Paciurea, as well as paintings by Theodor Aman, Nicolae Grigorescu, Theodor Pallady, Gheorghe Petra?cu, and Gheorghe Tattarescu.
The international collection includes works by Old Masters such as Domenico Veneziano, El Greco, Tintoretto, Jan van Eyck, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Peter Paul Rubens, and Rembrandt, plus a smattering of works by impressionists such as Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley. Among the most famous Old Master works in the collection are Jacopo Amigoni's portrait of the singer Farinelli, a Crucifixion by Antonello da Messina, and Alonso Cano's Christ at the Column.
In the southern part of the building the European Museum Art Gallery was reopened in 2000. The painting collection was made availale on the basis of 214 works of art from the collection of King Charles I, to which were added pictures of other members of the royal family. The king's collection included paintings by El Greco, Rembrandt, Bruegel the Elder, Rubens, and Domenico Veneziano.
In spring 2001, the Romanian Modern Art Gallery reopened. The paintings are displayed on the mezzanine and second floor wing of the building. Mezzanine Romanian painting works are exhibited early (Nicholas Polcovnicul, Eustathius Altini, Anton Chladek, Livaditti Niccolo Giovanni Schiavoni, Carol Wahlstein Constantin Daniel Rosenthal, John Negulici, Constantin Lecca, Carol Popp de Szathmary), along with portraits of family members and a few landscapes.
Template:Multicol In the Modern Romanian Section, the following painters are also represented:
- Nicolae Grigorescu
- Stefan Luchian
- Cecilia Cu?escu-Storck
- Nicolae Tonitza
- Herman Maxy
- Victor Brauner
Template:Multicol-break Other noteworthy non-Romanian paintings are:
- Bernardino Licinio's "Return of Prodigal Son"
- Hans von Aachen's "3 Graces"
- Aegidius Sadeler's "Hall of Hradcany"
- Bartholomäus Zeitblom's "Saint Barbara"
- Claude Monet's "Camille in Green Dress"
- Paul Signac's "Gate"
- National Museum of Romanian History