Template:Other uses Template:Infobox River The Neckar (Template:IPA-de) is a Template:Convert long river in Germany, mainly flowing through the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg, with a short section through Hesse. The Neckar is a major right tributary of the River Rhine. Rising in the Black Forest near Villingen-Schwenningen in the Schwenninger Moos conservation area at a height of Template:Convert above sea level, it passes through Rottweil, Rottenburg am Neckar, Kilchberg, Tübingen, Wernau, Nürtingen, Plochingen, Esslingen, Stuttgart, Ludwigsburg, Marbach, Heilbronn and Heidelberg, before discharging into the Rhine at Mannheim, at Template:Convert above sea level.
From Plochingen to Stuttgart the Neckar valley is densely populated and industrialised, with several well-known companies, e.g. Daimler AG (the maker of Mercedes Benz cars) and Mahle GmbH being located there. Between Stuttgart and Lauffen the Neckar cuts a scenic, meandering, and in many places steep-sided, valley into fossiliferous Triassic limestones and Pleistocene travertine. Along the Neckar's valley in the Odenwald hills many castles can be found, including Burg Hornberg and Burg Guttenberg in Haßmersheim; the now-mothballed Obrigheim Nuclear Power Plant and the active Neckarwestheim Nuclear Power Plant are also located there. After passing Heidelberg, the Neckar discharges on average Template:Convert of water into the Rhine, making the Neckar its 4th largest tributary, and the 10th largest river in Germany.
The name Neckar was derived from Nicarus and Neccarus from Celtic Nikros, meaning wild water or wild fellow. From about 1100 Black Forest timber was rafted downstream as far as Holland, for use in shipyards.
During the 19th century, traditional horse-drawn boats were replaced by steam boats that used a Template:Convert long chain in the river to pull themselves upstream. After 1899 a railway made it possible to transport timber to the port of Heilbronn, limiting timber rafting to the lower part of the Neckar. Due to the construction of 11 locks, ships up to 1500t could travel to Heilbronn in 1935.
right at Mannheim.]] thumb thumb reflected in the Neckar]] thumb]] thumb]]
By 1968 the last of 27 locks, at Deizisau, was completed, making the Neckar navigable for cargo ships about 200 km upstream from Mannheim to the river port of Plochingen, at the confluence with the Fils, and where the Neckar bends, taking a northwesterly instead of a northeasterly course. Other important ports include Stuttgart and Heilbronn.
The river's course provides a popular route for cyclists, especially during the summer months. Its steep valley sides are used for vineyards, mainly for the cultivation of Trollinger.
The name "Neckar" was also given to the world's first motorboat made during the summer of 1886 by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach when their Standuhr (Grandfather Clock) petrol engine was tested on the river near Bad Cannstatt.
Towns along the Neckar
From its source to its confluence with the Rhine:
- Oberndorf am Neckar
- Sulz am Neckar
- Horb am Neckar
- Rottenburg am Neckar
- Esslingen (am Neckar)
- Marbach am Neckar
- Benningen am Neckar
- Freiberg am Neckar
- Lauffen am Neckar
- Bad Wimpfen
- Eschach (left side, at Rottweil-Bühlingen)
- Ammer (left side, at Tübingen-Lustnau)* Lauter (right side, at Wendlingen)
- Fils (right side, at Plochingen)
- Körsch (left side, at the border of Esslingen to Deizisau)
- Nesenbach (left side, at Stuttgart-Ost)
- Rems (right side, at Remseck)
- Murr (right side, at Marbach)
- Enz (left side, at Besigheim)
- Zaber (left side, at Lauffen)
- Sulm (right side, at Neckarsulm)
- Kocher (right side, at Bad Friedrichshall)
- Jagst (right side, at Bad Wimpfen)
- Elz (right side, at Mosbach-Neckarelz)
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- there is no automatic collision detection,
- so shift texts up or down manually to avoid overlap
Define $dx = 15 # shift text to right side of bar Define $dy = -3 # shift text down
id:wasser value:blue legend:Neckar id:schleuse value:yellow legend:Lock
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bar:Schleusen color:wasser width:25 mark:(line,schleuse) align:left fontsize:M
from:0 till:200000 at:6200 shift:($dx,$dy) color:wasser text: 6.2 km Feudenheim Lock at:17700 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 17.7 km Schwabenheim Lock at:26100 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 26.1 km Heidelberg Lock at:30800 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 30.8 km Neckargemünd Lock at:39300 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 39.3 km Neckarsteinach Lock at:47700 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 47.7 km Hirschhorn Lock at:61400 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 61.4 km Rockenau Lock at:72200 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 72.2 km Guttenbach Lock at:85900 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 85.9 km Neckarzimmern Lock at:93800 shift:($dx,$dy) text: 93.8 km Gundelsheim Lock at:103900 shift:($dx,$dy) text:103.9 km Kochendorf Lock at:113600 shift:($dx,$dy) text:113.6 km Heilbronn Lock at:117500 shift:($dx,$dy) text:117.5 km Horkheim Lock at:125100 shift:($dx,$dy) text:125.1 km Lauffen Lock at:136200 shift:($dx,$dy) text:136.2 km Besigheim Lock at:143000 shift:($dx,$dy) text:143.0 km Hessigheim Lock at:150100 shift:($dx,$dy) text:150.1 km Pleidelsheim Lock at:157600 shift:($dx,$dy) text:157.6 km Marbach Lock at:165000 shift:($dx,$dy) text:165.0 km Poppenweiler Lock at:171400 shift:($dx,$dy) text:171.4 km Aldingen Lock at:176200 shift:($dx,$dy) text:176.2 km Hofen Lock at:182700 shift:($dx,$dy) text:182.7 km Cannstatt Lock at:186700 shift:($dx,-5) text:186.7 km Untertürkheim Lock at:189500 shift:($dx,$dy) text:189.5 km Obertürkheim Lock at:194000 shift:($dx,-8) text:194.0 km Esslingen Lock at:194800 shift:($dx,1) text:194.8 km Oberesslingen Lock at:199500 shift:($dx,$dy) text:199.5 km Deizisau Lock
- Neckar Valley Bridge Weitingen, near the town Horb am Neckar.
The Neckar is mentioned prominently in Gustav Mahler's "Rheinlegendchen" ('Little Rhine Legend'), composed in August 1893. "Rheinlegendchen" was first published in 1899 in a cycle of 12 songs under the title Humoresken ('Humoresques'); it is today known as one of Mahler's Songs from Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Songs from The Youth's Magic Horn),
- Neckar online water guide
- Old Town Heidelberg on the river Neckar
- Tourism Information of the river Neckar(German)