Template:Infobox military installation Northwood Headquarters is a military headquarters facility of the British Armed Forces in Eastbury, Hertfordshire, England, adjacent to the London suburb of Northwood. It is home to four military command and control functions: (i) the Permanent Joint Headquarters (ii) the Multi National Headquarters (iii) the Commander Operations for the Royal Navy and (iv) the NATO Allied Maritime Command.
The headquarters is based on the grounds of Eastbury Park. In 1939, during the Second World War, the Royal Air Force took over the site for the use of RAF Coastal Command which made use of the Eastbury house and also created a network of underground bunkers and operations blocks. The house was used as an Officers' Mess though it was subsequently damaged by fire.<ref name="Bowlt">Template:Cite book</ref>
In 1953 the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, gained an additional NATO responsibility as Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Atlantic, as part of SACLANT, and the Eastern Atlantic NATO military command structure was established at the Northwood Headquarters. The Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet still flew his flag however in HMS Tyne at Portsmouth. In 1960 the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet moved to Northwood, in 1963 the Naval unit at Northwood was commissioned as HMS Warrior and in 1966 the NATO Channel Command (a post also held by the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet) moved to Northwood from Portsmouth.<ref name=mod>Template:Cite web</ref> The RAF completely vacated the site in 1969.<ref name=mod/>
In September 1971, when the post of Commander-in-Chief Fleet was established, the Royal Navy took over responsibility for the whole site and in 1978 the Flag Officer Submarines also moved his Headquarters to Northwood.<ref name=mod/>
As Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief Fleet, the site was the controlling Headquarters for Operation Corporate, the Falklands War, in 1982.
In 2002, following a rationalisation, the Commander-in-Chief Fleet moved the majority of his staff to Portsmouth and handed over the Northwood site to the Chief of Joint Operations.
In 2006 major construction works commenced to improve the functionality of the site: the works, which involved the refurbishment or replacement of many of the key buildings, were carried under a Private Finance Initiative contract by Carillion. The Queen visited the site on 6 May 2010 to open the main Permanent Joint Headquarters building, part of a £150 million redevelopment of the site.
Permanent Joint Headquarters
Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) is a tri-service organisation holding Operational Control of British armed forces joint military operation. PJHQ is headed by the Chief of Joint Operations. Single-service operations remain under the operational control of the appropriate front-line command.<ref name=mod/>
Multi National Headquarters
Within the same building as the Permanent Joint Headquarters there is also a Multi National Headquarters for the command of European Union military operations. Personnel to support this structure are seconded from existing NATO and national posts on the site, augmented from elsewhere as required. This Multi National Headquarters is currently staffed by EU personnel commanding Counter Piracy operations.<ref name=mod/>
The Commander Operations remains with the current operations staff on the Northwood site. Among Commander Operations' responsibilities are command of Commander Task Force (CTF) 311 (UK attack submarines) and CTF 345 (UK nuclear missile submarines).
Royal Navy Reservists of HMS Wildfire moved back into a new building on the site in June 2011, having moved from the site to Brackenhill House on Oxhey Drive South in 1988.
NATO Allied Maritime Command
The NATO Allied Maritime Command is based at Northwood, and comes under the Command and Control of the Allied Command Operations.
The Headquarters Staffs are supported by:<ref name=mod/>
- Joint Support Unit Northwood, providing administrative support, life support, facilities and supplier management.
- Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) providing Communications and Information Systems support.
- A detachment of Military Provost Guard Service personnel providing force protection.
- Northwood Headquarters - Ministry of Defence
- Allied Maritime Component Command Headquarters Northwood