Nuremberg Airport (Template:Lang-de) Template:Airport codes is the international airport of the Franconian metropolitan area of Nuremberg and the second-busiest airport in Bavaria. The airport is ranked 10th among German airports and 87th in Europe. In 2011, about 3.96 million passengers and 107.000 tons of cargo were handled. It is located approximately 5 km north of Nuremberg's city centre.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Environment
- 7 Expansion plans
- 8 Accidents and incidents
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Literature
- 12 External links
Nuremberg Airport was the first newly constructed airport in Germany after World War II. It was inaugurated on April 6, 1955.
In 1960, the number of passengers to be welcomed at Nuremberg Airport reached 100.000 for the first time and in 1961 the runway was extended from 1.900 to 2.300 metres. In 1968, the runway was extended once again to its present length of 2.700 metres (8,858 ft). With this, the airport complied with the requirements for the landing of a jumbo jet. On July 12, 1970, a Boeing 747 touched down in Nuremberg for the first time and attracted 20.000 visitors.
The apron was enlarged in 1977 and in 1981 a new passenger terminal with an observation deck and a restaurant replaced the building used up to that point. In December 1986, the one million passenger mark was passed for the first time.
In 1997/98, the winter hub of Air Berlin was established at Nuremberg Airport making it the second most important touristic interchange airport of the airline, next to Palma de Mallorca.
The new control tower commenced operations in 1999 and the metro station was opened as well. In 2002, the departure hall 2 was extended and a year later the cargo centre CCN2 with 6500 m² storage area and 4600 m² office space was inaugurated after one and a half years of construction time.
In 2005, Nuremberg Airport celebrated its 50th anniversary with 45,000 visitors. The new transfer control terminal with a floor space of 8500 m² and a new main gate (Tor 1) were completed a year later in 2006. In addition, a fully automatic luggage sorting system was launched.
Nuremberg Airport has been voted "Best German Airport" by readers of the Business Traveller magazine consecutively since 2008.
In April 2013, Air Berlin permanently shut down it's winter seasonal hub in Nuremberg which had been maintained several years until then.
The airport is ranked 10th among German airports with about four million passengers and more than 100.000 tons of cargo handled per year. 67,720 flight movements were counted in 2011. It is operational 24 hours a day and features no slot restrictions.
The runway 10/28 is Template:Convert.<ref name="AIP"/> Takeoff and landing of all current aircraft, including widebody aircraft (e.g. Boeing 747) or cargo planes (e.g. Antonov An-124) are possible. However, Nuremberg Airport is not licensed for Airbus A380.
Since July 2009, the runway is being refurbished gradually in several phases. The surfaces of the runway and taxiways are renovated and latest technology, a new flare-path, drainage channels and a new electric ring surrounding the entire runway have been added. In 2010, the runway was shortened to 2.300 meters temporarily since all work is done during operation. In 2011, work on the centerpiece of the runway began. The completion is scheduled for 2015.
The apron is Template:Convert in space and provides parking positions for 37 planes.
The passenger terminals consists of 2 departure halls and 1 arrival hall which are all linked landside and airside. The check-in area features 40 desks.
The extension of departure hall 2 was inaugurated on April 30, 1992 and was originally dimensioned for 2.8 million passengers per year. Now there is room for 5 million passengers per year. Daylight dominates the transparent construction made of steel and glass drafted by Nuremberg architects Grabow and Hoffmann. The construction phase took three years and cost about 100 million Deutsche Mark. The extension of the apron was included in the building costs as well as and three modern air bridges. Today, there are five finger docks available.
On January 25, 2007 the newest addition, the Transfer-Control-Terminal (TCT) was opened. It not only serves as a capacity extension but it also allows for new legislation concerning security measures: since EU Regulation 2320/2002 airports have to make sure that non-EU passengers are controlled before continuing their trip to countries of the European Union and don't get mixed up with passengers, who have already been checked.
In 1987, Cargo Center Nuremberg (CCN) was put into operation. When the Cold War ended and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Nuremberg won back its central location in Europe. As a consequence Nuremberg Airport and air freight quickly gained in importance in the 1990s.
Nuremberg is also the economic and service metropolis of Northern Bavaria with approximately 150.000 companies and enterprises taking advantage of the locality of Nuremberg as a traffic junction of highways and railroads. The region's export share of 42% is remarkably high and above German average. In addition several headquarters of internationally operating companies are located in the region, for example Siemens, Adidas, Bosch, Puma or Faber-Castell.
Due to the positive trend, Cargo Center II (CCN II) was built in 2003. Today, almost Template:Convert storage space and 7000 m² office space are available at Nuremberg Airport. 107,123 tons of cargo were handled in 2010.
The Deutsche Flugsicherung (DFS), who is in charge of air traffic control for Germany, moved into the 48 meter (157 ft) high tower in November 1998. The control tower at Nuremberg Airport was drafted by architect Günther Behnisch and has become the architectural landmark of the airport with its dynamic silhouette. It was built because the original control tower with the height of 18 meters was no longer high enough for the growing airport. The total costs for this project amounted to approximately 30 million Deutsche Mark.
There are about 8,000 car parking spaces available at Nuremberg Airport. Apart from three parking garages, there are various parking lots in close vicinity to the terminals. The newest facility is parking garage P3 with seven levels and 2,200 parking spaces. Depending on the parking time there are different tariffs to choose from, for example "BusinessParken" (business parking) or "UrlauberParken" (holiday parking). Nuremberg Airport also offers valet parking with additional services, like refueling, car wash, maintenance or safekeeping of valuables. All parking facilities are maximally 5 minutes of walking distance away from the terminals. There are short-term parking spots directly on the airport forecourt in front of the terminals.
Fire and rescue service
The fire department at Nuremberg Airport is equipped with specialized fire apparatus and a modern vehicle fleet, including several airfield fire trucks, tank tenders, swap body vehicles and ambulance vehicles. The fire alarm system on the site includes 1600 automatic fire alarms and 600 personal attack buttons.
Due to the organizational structure and daily training and simulation, vehicles are on their way to the scene of the accident or the fire ground 30 seconds at the latest after the alarm was triggered and reach anywhere at the airport in less than 3 minutes. The fire department is in attendance 24/7.
Nuremberg Airport also serves as a center for the air rescue services Deutsche Rettungsflugwacht e.V (DRF) and HDM Flugservice who are operating a rescue helicopter and an intensive care helicopter, respectively. Furthermore, several air ambulance jets of ADAC and Flight Ambulance International (FAI) are based in Nuremberg.
Airlines and destinations
Nuremberg Airport offers about 50 nonstop destinations in Germany and Europe, especially touristic destinations at the Mediterranean Sea, on the Canary Islands and in Egypt.<ref name="summer13">http://www.airport-nuernberg.de/259223/Flugplan_NUE_Sommer_2013.pdf airport-nuremberg.de - Summer 2013 schedule</ref> Intercontinental long-distance flights are not offered in Nuremberg, but there are frequent connections to major international hubs like Frankfurt, Zurich, Paris, Istanbul and Amsterdam.
Nuremberg Airport is located Template:Convert north<ref name="AIP"/> of the city centre. It is accessible via nearby Motorway A 3, which connects to Motorway A 9 as well as Motorways A 73 and A 6. Taxis are available around the clock and take around 15 minutes to get to the city centre. Furthermore, rental car companies Avis, Hertz, Europcar and Sixt are located in the arrival hall.
A bus stop is located centrally in front of terminal 1 (entrance to departure hall 2). Bus number 32 connects the airport with bus and tram stop Thon between 5 a.m and 12 a.m.
The U-Bahn (Metro) line U2 connects the airport with the centre of the city every 10 to 15 minutes. The ride to the Hauptbahnhof (Central Railway Station) and the nearby Altstadt (historic old town) only takes 12 minutes. Because of the airport's close-in location and its direct connections to local streets, it is possible to walk or ride a bicycle from nearby neighborhoods right up to the terminal. Template:S-start Template:S-rail Template:S-line Template:End
In addition to developing strategies to reduce noise pollution the department also implements regular measurements of air pollutants and soil analyses. In 2003, a biomonitoring campaign with honey bees was launched at the airport.
The water collected on the 70 ha of sealed or covered areas is being filtered and analyzed before it gets fed into receiving water courses, to prevent pollution due to oils or fuels. If the analyzed TOC value is above the threshold level, the water is discharged into the sewerage. Over the years, surface and aircraft de-icing fluids have been replaced by substances with higher biodegradability.
Airport Business Center
In 2009, a decision has been reached that a new hotel with conference rooms and offices will be built at the airport roundabout. ConTech GmbH and the architect's office Christ, both from Nuremberg, will realize the project with investor ZBI. Several notable hotel chains have applied as operators. "The Airport Business Center is part of a comprehensive strategy to establish the airport as a location for international conferences, meetings and events and to create even more attractive offers for visitors," the airport's Managing Director Karl-Heinz Krüger said.
A direct access to motorway A3 has been in the process of planning for a while now. A direct route to the airport with a tunnel under the runway to reduce traffic through city district Ziegelstein is favored and spatial planning has already been completed. However, further planning has been delayed until 2013 as environmental organization Bund Naturschutz and alliance Nein zur Flughafen-Nordanbindung! are vehemently arguing against the plans.
Accidents and incidents
- On January 8, 2010, an Air Berlin Boeing 737-800 skidded off the runway shortly before takeoff on a flight to Düsseldorf, causing the airport to be closed for a few hours.
- Transport in Germany
- List of airports in Germany
Bernd Windsheimer: 50 Jahre Airport Nürnberg 1955-2005. Geschichte der Luftfahrt in Nürnberg, Nürnberg 2005