Operación Ogro

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Template:References thumb, Prime Minister of Spain and the target of Operación Ogro]] thumb Operación Ogro (Operation Ogre) was the name given by ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) to its assassination of Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, the Prime Minister of Spain, on 20 December 1973. Blanco's bodyguard and driver were also killed in the operation.

An ETA commando unit using the code name Txikia (after the nom de guerre of ETA activist Eustakio Mendizabal killed by Guardia Civil in April 1973) rented a basement flat at Calle Claudio Coello 104, Madrid, on the route that Blanco would go to mass at San Francisco de Borja church.

Over five months, the unit dug a tunnel under the street - telling the landlord that they were student sculptors to hide their true purpose. The tunnel was packed with 80 kg of explosives that had been stolen from a Government depot.

On 20 December, a three-man ETA commando unit disguised as electricians detonated the explosives by command wire as Blanco's Dodge Dart passed. The blast sent Blanco and his car Template:Convert into the air and over a five-story building. The car crashed to the ground on the opposite side of a Jesuit college, landing on the second-floor balcony.<ref name=angelberto>Template:Cite web</ref> Blanco survived the blast but died shortly afterwards. His bodyguard and driver were killed outright. The "electricians" shouted to stunned passers-by that there had been a gas explosion, and then fled in the confusion. ETA claimed responsibility on 22 January 1974.

In a collective interview justifying the attack, the ETA bombers said:


The killing was not condemned and, in some cases, was even welcomed by the Spanish opposition in exile. For some Template:Who Carrero Blanco's death was a key step in the establishment of democracy, by eliminating Franco's choice of successor. In regard to Carrero's death, the former ETA member now turned a writer against Basque nationalism Jon Juaristi contends that ETA's goal with this killing was not democratization but a spiral of violence to fully destabilize Spain, heighten Franco's repression against Basque nationalism and put the average Basque citizen in the situation where they would have had to accept the lesser evil in the form of ETA's reaction against Franco's unleashed repression.<ref name="Juaristi Némesis Carrero">Sacra Némesis: Nuevas historias de nacionalistas vascos, pages 143-145, Jon Juaristi, Editorial Espasa Calpe, 1999, ISBN 84-239-7791-9</ref>



See also

Template:Campaignbox Basque conflict

Template:Basque Conflict