Oxon Hoath

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Template:EngvarB Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox building Oxon Hoath is a Grade II* listed Châteauesque-style former manor house with 73 acres (29½ hectares) of grounds at West Peckham, Kent. The spellings Oxenhoath, Oxen Hoath and Oxonhoath are common alternatives. The spelling Oxenholt was also used in the past. The manor is a former royal deer park. Oxon Hoath has been the seat of two baronetcies, and of five High Sheriffs of Kent. It has a surviving example of parterre gardens in its grounds.

History

Oxon Hoath (sometimes rendered as Oxenholt<ref name=Oxenholt>Template:Cite web</ref>) was built by Sir John Culpeper during the reign of King Edward III,Template:Sfn as a Royal Park for oxen and deer.<ref name=Oxonhoath>Template:Cite web</ref> The Culpepers had been in West Peckham since around 1355;Template:Sfn a date of 1372 is claimed for the house.<ref name=Tindall>Template:Cite web</ref> On Sir John's death in 1416,Template:Sfn the manor passed to his son Sir William Culpeper, who was High Sheriff of Kent in 1426–27. On Sir William's death, the manor passed to his son Sir Richard Culpeper. Richard died without male issue in 1484, and his estate passed to his daughters Elizabeth, Joyce, and Margaret. Oxon Hoath passed to Margaret's husband, William Cotton.<ref name=Culpepper>Template:Cite web</ref> On his death, Oxon Hoath passed to his son Sir Thomas CottonTemplate:Dn, who alienated the estate to John Chowne of Fairlawne, Plaxtol.Template:Sfn

Oxon Hoath then passed to Nicholas MillerTemplate:Disambiguation needed of Wrotham, and on his death in 1640 to his son Sir Nicholas Miller, who enlarged the house. On the death of Sir Nicholas in 1658, the estate passed to his son Humphry Miller who died in 1709.Template:Sfn The estate then passed to his son Sir Borlase Miller, who died in 1714. Oxon Hoath then passed to Sir Borlase's sister Elizabeth Bartholomew and via her to her husband Leonard Bartholomew. On his death in 1720, the estate passed to his son Philip Bartholomew, who died in 1730. Oxon Hoath then passed to his son Philip, who died in 1757 and left the estate to William Geary, second son of Sir Francis Geary of Polesden Lacey, Great Bookham, Surrey.Template:Sfn

Oxon Hoath was remodelled in 1757.<ref name=Main/> In 1846 Sir William Geary commissioned the mansard dome and château tower from Anthony Salvin. The grounds were landscaped in the style of Capability Brown by William Andrews Nesfield.<ref name=Oxonhoath/> Further additions were made to the house in 1878 by Burn and McVicar Anderson, who added a billiard room on the east side of the house.<ref name=Main/> The manor remained in the Geary family, passing from Sir William to Sir William Richard Geary in 1825, then to Sir Francis Geary in 1877 and to Sir William Neville Geary in 1895. Sir William Neville Geary died on 26 December 1944.<ref name=Geary>Template:Cite web</ref>

Oxon Hoath was listed on 1 August 1952.<ref name=Main/> Other structures connected with the estate were listed on 19 April 1985.<ref name=Garden/><ref name=North/><ref name=South/><ref name=East/><ref name=West/><ref name=Gatehouse/> As of 2010, Oxonhoath is used as an open retreat centre.<ref name=Oxonhoath/> The main house is listed as Grade II*,<ref name=Main>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> The entrance wall and gate to the kitchen garden are listed as Grade II,<ref name=Garden>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> as are the north,<ref name=North>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> south,<ref name=South>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> east,<ref name=East>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> and west gates;<ref name=West>Template:IoE</ref> and the gatehouse at the west gate.<ref name=Gatehouse>Template:IoE Retrieved 21 October 2010.</ref> Oxon Hoath survives as the only unaltered parterre gardens in England.<ref name=Oxonhoath/>

Baronetcies

Oxon Hoath has been the seat for two separate Baronetcies:

  • Miller, (1660–1714)
    • Sir Humphrey Miller, 1st Baronet
    • Sir Borlase Miller, 2nd Baronet
  • Geary, (1796–1944)
    • Sir William Geary, 2nd Baronet
    • Sir William Richard Powlett Geary, 3rd Baronet
    • Sir Francis Geary, 4th Baronet
    • Sir William Nevill Montgomerie Geary, 5th Baronet

High Sheriffs

These High Sheriffs of Kent lived at Oxon Hoath:

References

Template:Reflist

Sources

External links

Template:West Peckham