Patriarchate of Lisbon

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Template:Infobox diocese

The Patriarchate of Lisbon (Template:Lang-la) is an Archdiocese of the Roman Rite of the Roman Catholic Church based in Lisbon, Portugal. The diocese has said to have existed since the first century, but evidence only proves existence since the 4th century.

History

The diocese of Lisbon was created in the 4th century, but it lay vacant after 716 when the city was captured by the Moors, even if there are references to Mozarabic bishops, of the Mozarabic Rite, in that period. The diocese was restored when the city was recaptured by Afonso I of Portugal during the Second Crusade in 1147 in the siege of Lisbon.

As Portugal grew in political importance and colonial possessions, the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of Lisbon expanded, and we learn from Stadel, Compend. Geogr. Eccles. (1712), that Coimbra, Leiria, Portalegre, Elvas, Funchal, Angra, Congo, St. James of Cape Verde, São Tomé, and Baia of All Saints were suffragans of Lisbon. As a reward for assistance against the Turks, Pope Clement XI in 1708 raised the Chapel of the Royal Palace to Collegiate rank and associated with it three parishes in the dioceses of Braganza and Lamego. Later, yielding to the request of King John V, he issued the Bull In Supremo Apostolatus Solio (22 October 1716) — known as the Golden Bull, because the seal or bulla was affixed with gold instead of lead — giving the collegiate chapel cathedral rank, with metropolitical rights, and conferring on its titular the rank of patriarch.

The city of Lisbon was ecclesiastically divided into Eastern and Western Lisbon. The former Archbishop of Lisbon retained jurisdiction over Eastern Lisbon, and had as suffragans Guarda, Portalegre, St. James of Cape Verde, São Tomé, and São Salvador in Congo. Western Lisbon and metropolital rights over Leiria, Lamego, Funchal, and Angra, together with elaborate privileges and honours were granted to the new patriarch and his successors. It was further agreed between pope and king that the Patriarch of Lisbon should be made a cardinal at the first consistory following his appointment.

The first Patriarch of Lisbon was Tomás de Almeida (1670–1754), formerly Bishop of Porto; he was raised to the cardinalate on 20 December 1737 by Pope Clement XII. There thus existed side by side in the city of Lisbon two metropolitical churches. To obviate the inconvenience of this arrangement Pope Benedict XIV (13 December 1740) united East and West Lisbon into one single archdiocese under Patriarch Almeida, who ruled the see until his death in 1754. The double chapter however remained until 1843, when the old cathedral chapter was dissolved by Pope Gregory XVI. It was during the patriarchate of Cardinal Almeida (1746) that the famous Chapel of Saint John the Baptist was built in Rome (1742–1747) at the expense of King John V and consecrated by Pope Benedict XIV, and then transported to and reconstructed in the Church of St. Roch in Lisbon. Patriarch Almeida is buried in the chancel of that church.

At what date the patriarchs of Lisbon began to quarter the tiara with three crowns, though without the keys, on their coat of arms is uncertain and there are no documents referring to the grant of such a privilege. By Apostolic letters dated 30 September 1881 the metropolitan of Lisbon claims as suffragans the Dioceses of Angola, St. James of Cape Verde, São Tomé, Egitan, Portalegre, Angra, Funchal.

Patriarchate today

There are over two million people living in 282 parishes within the see, 85% of whom are Catholic. The suffragan dioceses of the see are Angra, Funchal, Guarda, Leiria-Fátima, Portalegre-Castelo Branco, Santarém, and Setúbal.

Ordinaries of Lisbon

Lisbon, being one of the oldest cities in Europe, has had a rich ecclesiastical history, in which the ordinaries of Lisbon have held different titles depending on the city's rulers and the power of the rulers.

Bishops of Olisipo

File:Cardeal D. Henrique, cópia de original de c. 1590.jpg
Henry I of Portugal was Archbishop Henry I of Lisbon before becoming King.
  1. Saint Manços (36) legendary
  2. Filipe Filoteu (92) legendary
  3. Pedro (I) (166) legendary
  4. Pedro (II) (213) legendary
  5. Jorge (260) legendary
  6. Pedro (III) (297) legendary
  7. Saint Gens of Lisbon (?) legendary
  8. Januário (300), legendary
  9. São Potâmio (c. 356)
  10. António (373)
  11. Neobrídio (430)
  12. Júlio (461)
  13. Azulano (?)
  14. João (500)
  15. Éolo (536)
  16. Nestoriano (578)
  17. Paulo (589)
  18. Goma or Gomarelo (610, 614)
  19. Viarico, Ubalico or Dialico (633, 636, 638)
  20. Nefrígio, Nefredo or Neofrídio (646)
  21. Cesário or César (656)
  22. Teodorico (666)
  23. Ara (683)
  24. Landerico (688, 693)
  25. Ildefonso (?)

After the Muslim invasion of Lisbon in 716, the see was vacant. The diocese was revitalized with the Siege of Lisbon in 1147, when the city was once again in Christian hands.

Bishops of Lisbon

  1. Gilbert of Hastings (1147-1166)
  2. Álvaro (bishop) (1166-1185)
  3. Soeiro (I) Anes (1185-1210)
  4. Soeiro (II) Viegas (1210-1232)
  5. Vicente (1232)
  6. Paio Pais (1232-1233)
  7. João (I) Falberto (1233)
  8. Estêvão (I) Gomes (1234-1237)
  9. João (II) (1239-1241)
  10. Ricardo Guilherme (1241)
  11. Aires Vasques (1241-1258)
  12. Mateus (1259-1282)
  13. Estêvão (II) Anes de Vasconcelos (1284-1289)
  14. Domingos Anes Jardo (1289-1293)
  15. João (III) Martins de Soalhães (1294-1312)
  16. Frei Estêvão (III), O.F.M. (1312-1322)
  17. Gonçalo Pereira (1322-1326)
  18. João (IV) Afonso de Brito (1326-1341)
  19. Vasco (I) Martins (1342-1344)
  20. Estêvão (IV) de la Garde (1344-1348)
  21. Teobaldo de Castillon (1348-1356)
  22. Reginaldo de Maubernard (1356-1358)
  23. Lourenço Rodrigues (1359-1364)
  24. Pedro Gomes Barroso, o Jovem (1364-1369)
  25. Fernando Álvares (1369-1371)
  26. Vasco (II) Fernandes de Toledo (1371)
  27. Agapito Colona (1371-1380), 1378 Cardinal
  28. João (V) de Agoult (1380-1381) - named bishop of Lisbon by pope Urban VI (pope in Rome)
  29. Martinho de Zamora (1380-1383) - named bishop of Lisbon (and Cardinal in 1383) by Antipope Clement VII (pope in Avignon)
  30. João (VI) Guterres (1381-1382) - named bishop of Lisbon by pope Urban VI (pope in Rome)
  31. João (VII) Anes (c. 1383-1394)

Archbishops of Lisbon

  1. João (I) Anes (1394-1402)
  2. João (II) Afonso Esteves da Azambuja (1402-1415)
  3. Diogo Álvares de Brito (1415-1422)
  4. Pedro de Noronha (1424-1452)
  5. Luís Coutinho (1452-1453)
  6. Cardeal D. Jaime de Portugal (1453-1459)
  7. Afonso (I) Nogueira (1459-1464)
  8. Cardeal D. Jorge da Costa (1464-1500)
  9. Martinho da Costa (1500-1521)
  10. Cardinal-Infante D. Afonso (II) de Portugal (1523-1540)
  11. Fernando de Meneses Coutinho e Vasconcelos (1540-1564)
  12. Cardinal Infante D. Henrique de Portugal (1564-1570)
  13. Jorge de Almeida (1570-1585)
  14. Miguel de Castro (1586-1625)
  15. Afonso (III) Furtado de Mendonça (1626-1630)
  16. João (III) Manuel de Ataíde (1633)
  17. Rodrigo da Cunha (1635-1643)
  18. António de Mendonça (1670-1675)
  19. D. Luís de Sousa (1675-1702)
  20. João (IV) de Sousa (1703-1710)

Patriarchs of Lisbon

File:Selo do Patriarcado.jpg
Seal of the Patriarchate of Lisbon
  1. Tomás de Almeida (1716–1754)
  2. José (I) Manoel da Câmara (1754–1758)
  3. Francisco (I) de Saldanha da Gama (1758–1776)
  4. Fernando de Sousa da Silva (1779–1786)
  5. José (II) Francisco Miguel António de Mendonça (1786–1818)
  6. Carlos da Cunha e Menezes (1819–1825)
  7. Patrício da Silva (1826–1840)
  8. Francisco (II) de São Luís (Francisco Justiniano) Saraiva (1840–1845)
  9. Guilherme Henriques de Carvalho (1845–1857)
  10. Manuel (I) Bento Rodrigues da Silva (1858–1869)
  11. Inácio do Nascimento de Morais Cardoso (1871–1883)
  12. José (III) Sebastião de Almeida Neto (1883–1907)
  13. António (I) Mendes Belo (1907–1929)
  14. Manuel (II) Gonçalves Cerejeira (1929–1971)
  15. António (II) Ribeiro (1971–1998)
  16. José (IV) da Cruz Policarpo (1998–2013)
  17. Manuel (III) José Macário do Nascimento Clemente (2013–)

Sources, References and External links

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