Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park
Pembroke Lodge is a Grade II listed<ref name="Listed">Template:Cite web</ref> Georgian mansion in Richmond Park, London. It is located on high ground with views across the Thames valley to Windsor and Surrey. It has eleven acres (45,000 m²) of beautifully landscaped grounds, including King Henry's Mound.
The Lodge began life, sometime prior to 1754, as a cottage of one room, occupied by a molecatcher whose sole duty was to reduce the peril presented to huntsmen by moles. This cottage was enlarged to form a dwelling with four principal rooms and renamed Hill Lodge. It was granted to the Countess of Pembroke, a "close friend" of King George III, at her request in 1787. Between 1788 and 1796 she extended the building to form the entire Georgian wing and part of the north wing.
In 1847, Queen Victoria granted the Lodge to Lord John Russell,<ref name="Fletcher Jones">Template:Cite book</ref> then Prime Minister, who conducted much government business there and entertained Queen Victoria, foreign royalty, aristocrats, writers (Dickens, Thackeray, Longfellow, Tennyson) and other notables of the time, including Garibaldi. Lord John was much taken with the Lodge – "an asset that could hardly be equalled, certainly not surpassed in England." Earl Russell (as he had become) died there on 28 May 1878; Fanny, his second wife, in 1898. Their daughter Lady Agatha Russell left a memorial, still standing in the rose garden: "Pembroke Lodge 1847–1902 — In loving memory of my Father and Mother, Lord and Lady Russell and of our supremely happy home at Pembroke Lodge."
Lord John Russell's grandson, Bertrand Russell, the philosopher and mathematician, grew up there between 1876 and 1894. At Pembroke Lodge, he wrote, "I grew accustomed to wide horizons and to an unimpeded view of the sunset."<ref name="Autobiography">Template:Cite book</ref>
In 1911 Pembroke Lodge was tenanted by the Dowager Duchess of Dudley. During World War II, the GHQ Liaison Regiment (also known as Phantom) established its regimental headquarters at Pembroke Lodge. Some of the members of the squad went on to become privy councillors, law lords, judges, MPs, a commissioner of the Metropolitan Police (Sir Robert Mark)<ref name="Mark obituary">Template:Cite web</ref> and actors – including David Niven, who remarked in a letter, "these were wonderful days which I would not have missed for anything."<ref name="Day">Template:Cite web</ref>
After the Second World War Pembroke Lodge became a government-run tea room. Now in private hands and restored to its former architectural glory,<ref name="Restoration">Template:Cite news</ref> Pembroke Lodge is open to the public for refreshments, weddings and conferences.