Template:EngvarB Template:Use dmy dates Template:Other uses Template:Infobox UK place thumb]] Pinner is an area of the London Borough of Harrow in Northwest London, 12.2 miles north west of Charing Cross.
Pinner was originally a hamlet, first recorded in 1231 as Pinnora,<ref name="Clarke, p.11">Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.11</ref> although the already archaic -ora (meaning 'hill') suggests its origins lie no later than c.900. The name Pinn is shared with the River Pinn, which runs through the village.
The area was in the county of Middlesex until 1965, when it was absorbed by the London Government Act 1963 into Greater London.
The oldest part of the village lies around the fourteenth-century parish church of St John the Baptist, at the junction of the present day Grange Gardens, The High Street and Church Lane. The earliest surviving private dwelling, East End Farm Cottage, dates from the late fifteenth-century.
The village expanded rapidly between 1923 and 1939 when a series of garden estates – encouraged by the Metropolitan Railway – grew around its historic core, and it was largely from this time onwards that the area (including Hatch End, which forms the northeastern part of Pinner) assumed much of its present-day suburban character. The area is now continuous with neighbouring suburban districts including Rayners Lane and Eastcote.
Pinner contains a large number of homes built in the 1930s Art Deco style, the most grand of which is the Grade II listed Elm Park Court at the junction of West End Lane and Elm Park Road. Pinner has had an annual street fair since 1336, when it was granted by Royal Charter by Edward III; it remains popular today.
The majority of the older houses in Pinner were built by the Ellement family who were the local company of builders and joiners, with a road in Pinner still named after that family.<ref name=Foxtons>Template:Cite web</ref>
Harrow Council has been governed by the Conservatives since 2006. Pinner has two wards: Pinner, Pinner South, each represented by three councillors.
Pinner is in the Harrow constituency for the London Assembly which has been represented since 2008 by Navin Shah (Labour). Since the 2010 general election, Pinner has been part of the new Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner parliamentary constituency represented by Nick Hurd (Conservative).
Pinner is part of the London European Parliament constituency which elects nine MEPs by proportional representation – currently three Conservative, three Labour, one Liberal Democrat, one Green and one UKIP member.
Pinner tube station is on the Metropolitan Line in zone 5.
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Pinner is considered to be the wealthy side of the London Borough of Harrow, with wide tree-lined streets, large houses and flat conversions in attractive Edwardian buildings. Pinner also boasts the lowest crime rate of the whole of London, and the single-sex schools have a prestigious reputation, making it a popular area for affluent families.<ref name="AllInLondon.co.uk">Template:Cite web</ref>
Being located in the London Borough of Harrow, Pinner is both a religiously and culturally diverse area, although it has the highest concentration of White British people in the borough. A local synagogue and various churches serve the religious needs of the local community.
Sport and leisure
Pinner has a rugby union team, Pinner and Grammarians RFC, a member club of the Rugby Football Union it is the most junior team to have supplied a President to the RFU. It also has a Cricket team, Pinner Cricket Club.Pinner also has a youth football club, Pinner United FC – www.pinnerunitedfc.com. In addition to numerous restaurants and a number of public houses, Pinner also has a thriving amateur theatre group, Pinner Players, who have been performing in the area since 1936 and currently stage productions at Pinner Village Hall off Chapel Lane - www.pinnerplayers.com
thumb Horatia Nelson, illegitimate daughter of Lord Nelson and Lady Emma Hamilton, lived in Pinner from 1860 until her death in 1881;<ref name="Clarke, p.155"/> distinguished pilot Brian Lane (1917–1942) grew up in the town; astronomer Sir Patrick Moore was born here in 1923; Monster Raving Loony Party leader Screaming Lord Sutch, who lived in nearby South Harrow, is buried in Pinner New Cemetery.
A number of literary figures have an association with Pinner. The Poet Laureate Henry James Pye retired to East End House at the end of his career in 1811,<ref name="Clarke, p.11"/> the novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton wrote Eugene Aram at Pinner Wood House in 1832, and Samuel and Isabella Beeton lived on the Woodridings estate between 1856 and 1862, during which Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management was published.<ref name="Clarke, p.155">Clarke, A History of Pinner, p.155</ref> The novelist Ivy Compton-Burnett was born in the village in 1884, and the playwright W. S. Gilbert, though he did not live in Pinner, was a magistrate there from 1893 onwards. Another Victorian food writer, Agnes Marshall, whom most credit with the invention of edible ice cream cones, had a country home there and died there in 1905. Twentieth-century figures include the cartoonist William Heath Robinson, who lived in Moss Lane between 1913 and 1918 (and now has a museum dedicated to him at West House in Pinner Memorial Park), and the former Children's Laureate Michael Rosen, who writes children's books such as We're Going on a Bear Hunt, lived in Pinner from the time he was born in 1946, until 1962.
Figures in the world of entertainment associated with Pinner include the following: Sir Elton John, who was born and grew up here;<ref name="Elton">Elton John official website. Retrieved 12 August 2008.</ref> composer Leslie Bricusse, best known for his partnership with Anthony Newley, was born in Pinner; songwriter Tony Hatch, composer of the Petula Clark hit "Downtown" and the Neighbours theme, was born here; Bruce Welch, guitarist in The Shadows, lived in Pinner while courting Olivia Newton-John; singer Charlie Dore was born here; and Simon LeBon, vocalist of '80s pop-group Duran Duran, grew up locally and attended the Pinner County Grammar School.<ref name="LeBon">www.yuddy.com. Retrieved 12 August 2008.</ref>
Actor David Suchet and comedian Ronnie Barker were both one-time owners of 17th century Elmdene in Church Lane; actress Jane March grew up here before moving to the United States; actress Molly Weir, best remembered for her role as the long-running character Hazel the McWitch in the BBC TV series Rentaghost, lived in Pinner until her death in 2004;. Comedy writer and TV funny man, Barry Cryer lives here as did broadcaster Bob Holness, host of quiz-show Blockbusters.
Others: Politician the late Sir Rhodes Boyson lived in Pinner; Iraq hostage Norman Kember is a longtime resident of the town; Derek Bell, motor racing driver, was born in Pinner; documentary film-maker Jo Durden-Smith was born here in 1941; pop-musician Kate Nash and Sun journalist Chris Roycroft-Davis are residents.
On 11 September 2013 Pinner resident Daniel Finkelstein was made a life peer as Baron Finkelstein, of Pinner in the County of Middlesex.
The BBC sitcom May to December was set in Pinner, and its exterior shots were videotaped in the High Street. During the 1990s the children's TV series of Aquila was filmed in and around Pinner, particularly at the local Cannon Lane School. Chucklevision, the Children's TV series based on the Chuckle Brothers also filmed in Pinner. The film Nowhere Boy had a number of scenes filmed in Pinner, including outside the Queens Head Pub, Pinner High street, and on Woodhall Gate, which stood in for John Lennon's childhood home. Pinner has also been the setting for the BBC sitcom My Hero and the Channel 4 sitcom The Inbetweeners.<ref name="AllInLondon.co.uk"/>
- Pinner House
- Patricia A. Clarke, A History of Pinner, Phillimore, 2004 ISBN 1-86077-287-0
- Pinner Local History Society
- The Pinner Association
- The Rotary Club of Pinner
- Pinner and Grammerians Rugby Club
- Pinner on Flickr
- 53 million pound Chinese vase
- Pinner Blogger an individual's view of the village