Pont de Normandie

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Template:Infobox bridge The Pont de Normandie is a cable-stayed road bridge that spans the river Seine linking Le Havre to Honfleur in Normandy, northern France. Its total length is Template:ConvertTemplate:Convert between the two piers. Despite being a motorway toll bridge, there is a footpath as well as a narrow cycle lane in each direction allowing pedestrians and cyclists to cross the bridge free of charge.

Construction

The bridge was designed by Michel Virlogeux. The architects were François Doyelle and Charles Lavigne.<ref name="Structurae">Template:Structurae. Retrieved 30 September 2006.</ref> Construction by Bouygues, Campenon Bernard, Dumez, Monberg & Thorsen, Quillery, Sogea and Spie Batignolles<ref name="Structurae" /> began in 1988 and lasted 7 years. The bridge opened on 20 January 1995.

At that time the bridge was both the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, and had the record for the longest distance between piers for any cable-stayed bridge. It was more than Template:Convert longer between piers than the previous record. This record was lost in 1999 to the Tatara Bridge in Japan. Its record for length for a cable-stayed bridge was lost in 2004 to the 2883 meters of the Rio-Antirrio. At the end of construction, the bridge had cost $465 million and was financed by Natixis.

The cable-stayed design was chosen because it was both cheaper and more resistant to high winds than a suspension bridge.

Structure

The span, Template:Convert wide, is divided into four lanes for traffic and two lanes for pedestrians. The pylons, made of concrete, are shaped as upside-down Ys. They weigh more than 20,000 tonsTemplate:Clarify and are Template:Convert tall. More than 19,000 tonsTemplate:Clarify of steel and 184 Freyssinet cables were used.

See also

  • List of crossings of the River Seine
  • List of longest cable-stayed bridge spans
  • List of tallest bridges in the world

References

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External links


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