Template:Distinguish Template:Infobox UK place Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, England,<ref name=hertsmere>Hertsmere Borough Council - Community Strategy First Review (PDF)</ref> Template:Convert north of Charing Cross, London. It is within the historic county of Middlesex. Its three county-level wards in 2011 had a combined population of 21,882.<ref name=pop/>Unknown extension tag "ref"
The town originated in the early 13th century; it remained a small settlement economically with significant agriculture until the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1850.<ref name=pbhistory>PBHistory - The history</ref> It is not contiguous with other developments but is in the London commuter belt.
The origin of the Potters element of the town's name is uncertain but is generally thought to be either a reference to a Roman pottery, believed to have been sited locally, or alternatively to the Pottere family who lived in neighbouring South Mimms parish.<ref name=pb_name>PBHistory - Whats in a name?</ref> The Bar is thought to refer to the gates leading from the South Mimms parish and into the Enfield Chase parish, or possibly from some sort of toll on the Great North Road,<ref name=pb_name/> said to have been by what is now the Green Man pub, or at the current entrance to Morven House. See also Temple Bar which is a gate by St Paul's Cathedral. thumb
Potters Bar is located on the Great North Road, one of two road routes from the City of London to the north of England. The road was originally numbered as the A1, and later the A1000.
Potters Bar was historically part of Middlesex and formed the Potters Bar Urban District of that county from 1934.<ref name=urban>Vision of Britain - Potters Bar UD (historic map)</ref> From 1894 to 1934 its area had formed the South Mimms Rural District. In 1965 the district was transferred to Hertfordshire while most of the rest of Middlesex became part of Greater London.
The urban district covered an area of Template:Convert.<ref name=urban/> In 1939 it had a population of 13,681, increasing to 24,613 in 1971. In 1974 the urban district was abolished and the area became part of the borough of Hertsmere. Having been part of Middlesex, the area continued to form part of the Metropolitan Police District; with the creation of the Greater London Authority it was transferred to the Hertfordshire Constabulary in 2000.
Potters Bar experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom. Template:Potters Bar weatherbox
The A1 was built as a major 'arterial' road and a crossroads at Bignells Corner linked it to the Barnet - St Albans road. Potters Bar is now also served by junctions 23 and 24 of the M25 motorway.<ref name=hertsmere/>
Potters Bar railway station is the highest on the line between London's King's Cross railway station and York. The First Capital Connect route serving Potters Bar links the town to various North London suburbs to the south before terminating at either King's Cross or Moorgate station. Northbound, the railway connects Potters Bar to Peterborough, Cambridge and Letchworth Garden City as well as towns en route to these destinations such as Hatfield, Welwyn Garden City and Stevenage.
The nearest London Underground station is at Cockfosters, which is approximately 2.5 miles south on the A111 from junction 24 of the M25.
Potters Bar has a bus depot that services local bus routes as well as some London bus routes. The 84 bus route travels south to New Barnet and north-west to St. Albans. Other routes include the 298 to Arnos Grove, the 313 to Enfield and Chingford, the 242 to Waltham Cross, the 398 to Borehamwood and the 610 to Enfield (on weekdays) and Hatfield. There are also school bus services run from various places to Dame Alice Owen's School and to Chancellor's School, as well as a service that runs once on a Wednesday from Hatfield to Potters Bar via Cuffley and Colney Heath, numbered 312.
|84 </small> Template:Access icon||St. Albans St Peters Street to New Barnet Station Template:Rail-interchange via Barnet
|242 Template:Access icon||Waltham Cross Bus Station to Potters Bar Station Template:Rail-interchange via Cuffley, Cheshunt.
Extended to Welwyn Garden City via Hatfield on Sundays
|298 TfL Template:Access icon||Potters Bar Cranbourne Road to Arnos Grove Station Template:Rail-interchange via Cockfosters||Daily||Sullivan Buses|
|312 Circular||Hatfield Birchwood Tesco to Potters Bar Station Template:Rail-interchange via Cuffley||Wednesdays||Sullivan Buses|
|313 TfL Template:Access icon||Potters Bar Station Template:Rail-interchange to Chingford Station Template:Rail-interchange via Enfield||Daily||Arriva London|
|398||Potters Bar Station Template:Rail-interchange to Borehamwood via South Mimms||Mon-Sat||Sullivan Buses|
|610 Template:Access icon||Enfield Town to Hatfield Business Park via Welham Green||Mon-Sat||Uno|
|PB1 Circular Template:Access icon||Circular via Shillitoe Avenue, Potters Bar Station Template:Rail-interchange, High Street and Oakmere||Mon-Sat||Uno|
Potters Bar rail accidents
Template:Main Potters Bar has been the scene of three train crashes; two major and one minor. On 19 March 1898, a train crashed on the platform, but no one was killed or seriously injured. On the night of 10 February 1946, a local train hit buffers at the station, became derailed, and two express trains travelling in opposite directions struck the wreckage. On 10 May 2002, a northbound train derailed at high speed, killing seven people and seriously injuring another 11. On 10 May 2003, a small piece of art that resembles seven faces was erected at the station as a memorial to those killed.<ref name=bbc>BBC News - In Depth Potters Bar Crash</ref>
There are eight churches in Potters Bar. These include St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church at the top of the Walk, the first Anglican parish in the town created from the parish of South Mimms in the 1800s. Other churches are Our Lady and St Vincent, King Charles the Martyr, Christ Church, Potters Bar Baptist Church, St John's Methodist Church and Causeway Free Church.
There are six primary and infant state schools in Potters Bar and the surrounding area; they are Cranborne School, Ladbrooke JMI, Little Heath Primary, Oakmere Primary, Pope Paul RC Primary and Wroxham School.
There are five secondary schools in Potters Bar, which includes its large green buffer zone;
- Dame Alice Owen's
- Goffs Oak
- Mount Grace
Mount Grace School is a mixed grant maintained School in Potters Bar opened in 1954.
Lochinver house school is an all-boys preparatory school in Potters Bar, which opened in 1947.
Dame Alice Owen's School is a mixed grant-maintained school in Potters Bar. Originally founded in 1613 and based in Islington until the 1960s, it is unusual in its 'Visitation' and 'Beer Money' traditions. The trustees of the Dame Alice Owen Foundation are the Worshipful Company of Brewers. It is a partly selective school (25% of its intake is on the basis of pupils doing well on its entry test). It also reserves some places for children from Islington. It specialises in languages, and offers GCSEs in a wide range of languages. It has recently become a music and science college in addition to being a language college.
The town also houses many Veterinary Medicine (mostly third, fourth and fifth-year) students from the Royal Veterinary College.
Sports, entertainment and recreation
Potters Bar has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V, which is situated behind the Furzefield Centre. There is a swimming pool and leisure centre run by Hertsmere council, which is home to St Albans and Hertsmere Canoe Club. Also in the town are Potters Bar Town F.C., Potters Bar Swimming Club (PBSC), a Scuba diving Club (the Potters Bar Sub Aqua Club), a tennis club, a cricket club, and a golf course. The Wyllyotts Centre is a theatre, cinema and events venue, and is also the location of the town's museum. Potters Bar is also home to the Hertfordshire Showband (formally known as the Marching Blues).
In 1983, the area around Potters Bar was used for the on-location filming of the comic-horror film, Bloodbath at the House of Death. Also, in 2005, David Walliams and Matt Lucas shot two scenes for the third season of the comedy, Little Britain, one scene at Mount Grace School gym, the other at a wedding shop on the High Street.<ref>Bloodbath at the House of Death (1984)</ref> Potters Bar is also home to the performing arts school, Top Hat Stage School, which has been running classes at Elm Court Community Centre since 1994.
- Acker Bilk, clarinetist, divides his time between Pensford, Somerset, and Potters Bar
- Tony Jacklin, golfer, home golf club was Potters Bar Golf Club
- Terry Lightfoot, jazz musician, born in Potters Bar and spent his early years there<ref name="IMDB_Terry_Lightfoot"> IMDB Terry Lightfoot's page</ref>
- Martin Freeman, actor
- Amanda Abbington, actress
- Template:Flagicon Viernheim, Germany
- Template:Flagicon Franconville, Val-d'Oise, France (Since 1973)
Notes and references
- St Mary the Virgin and All Saints Church, Potters Bar
- The Potters Bar Society
- pottersbar.org - local information