Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Utrecht

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Template:Infobox diocese The Archdiocese of Utrecht (Template:Lang-la) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands. It is the main see of the ecclesiastical province of Utrecht. The archbishop is the metropolitan of all six suffragan dioceses in the ecclesiastical province of Utrecht: the dioceses of Breda, Groningen-Leeuwarden, Haarlem-Amsterdam, Roermond, Rotterdam, and 's-Hertogenbosch. As these dioceses cover the entire present Netherlands, the Archbishop of Utrecht is considered the first bishop of the country although the title of Primate of the Netherlands strictly speaking still belongs to the Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel, now in Belgium. The liturgical center of the archdiocese of Utrecht is the historic Saint Catherine Cathedral which replaced the prior cathedral, Saint Martin Cathedral, after it was taken by Protestants in the revolt.

Ordinaries

Bishops until Protestant Reformation

  • St. Willibrord (Clemens) (695–739)
  • Wera (739?–752/3)
  • St. Eoban (753–754)
  • St. Gregory of Utrecht (754–775)
  • St. Alberic of Utrecht (775–784)
  • Theodardus (784–790)
  • Hamacarus (790–806)
  • Ricfried (806–815/16)
  • Frederick of Utrecht (815/16–834/38)
  • Alberik II (834/8–845)
  • Eginhard (ca. 845)
  • Liudger (ca. 848–854)
  • St. Hunger (854–866)
  • Adalbold I (866–899)
  • St. Radboud (899/900–917)
  • Balderic (917/8–975/6)
  • Folcmar (976–990)
  • Baldwin I (991–995)
  • St. Ansfried (995–1010)
  • Adalbold II (1010–1026)
  • Bernold (1026/7–1054)
  • William I (1054–1076)
  • Conrad (1076–1099)
  • Burchard (1100–1112)
  • Godbald (1114–1127)
  • Andreas van Cuijk (1127/8–1139)
  • Hartbert (1139–1150)
  • Herman van Horne (1151–1156)
  • Godfrey van Rhenen (1156–1178)
  • Baldwin II van Holland (1178–1196)
  • Arnold I van Isenburg (1196–1197)
  • Dirk I van Holland (1197)
  • Dirk II van Are (van Ahr) (1197/8–1212)
  • Otto I (bishop) (1212–1215)
  • Otto II van Lippe (1216–1227)
  • Wilbrand van Oldenburg (1227–1233)
  • Otto III van Holland (1233–1249)
  • Gozewijn van Amstel (van Randerath) (1249–1250)
  • Henry I van Vianden (1250/2–1267)
  • John I van Nassau (1267–1290)
  • John II van Sierck (1290–1296)
  • Willem II Berthout (1296–1301)
  • Guy van Avennes (1301–1317)
  • Frederik II van Sierck (1317–1322)
  • Jacob van Oudshoorn (1322)
  • Jan III van Diest (1322–1340)
  • Jan IV van Arkel (1342–1364)
  • Jan V van Virneburg (1364–1371)
  • Arnold II van Hoorn (1371–1379)
  • Floris van Wevelinkhoven (1379–1393)
  • Frederik III van Blankenheim (1393–1423)
  • Rudolf van Diepholt (1423–1455)
  • Zweder van Culemborg (1425–1433)
  • Walraven van Meurs (1434–1448)
  • Gijsbrecht van Brederode (1455–1456)
  • David van Bourgondië (1456–1496)
  • Frederick IV of Baden (1496–1517)
  • Philip of Burgundy (1517–1524)
  • Henry of the Palatinate (bishop) (1524–1529)
  • Willem III van Enckenvoirt (1529–1534)
  • George van Egmond (1534–1559)

Archbishops

  • Frederik V Schenck van Toutenburg (1559–1580)
  • Herman van Rennenberg (1580–1592) - unable to be enthroned due to Protestantism
  • Jan van Bruhesen (1592–1600) - unable to be enthroned due to Protestantism

Apostolic Vicars of the Dutch Mission

Archbishops in partibus and Apostolic Vicars, in Utrecht

  • Sasbout Vosmeer (1602–1614)
  • Philippus Rovenius (1620–1651)
  • Jacobus de la Torre (1651–1661)
  • Johannes van Neercassel (1661–1686)
  • Petrus Codde (1688–1704)
  • Gerhard Potcamp (1705)
  • Adam Daemen (1707–1717)
  • Johannes van Bijlevelt (1717–1727)

Pro-Apostolic Vicars

in Brussels:

  • Joseph Spinelli (1727–1731)
  • Vincentius Montalto (1731–1732)
  • Silvester Valenti Gonzaga (1732–1736)
  • Franciscus Goddard (1736–1737)
  • Lucas Melchior Tempi (1737–1743)
  • Petrus Paulus Testa (1744)
  • Ignatius Crivelli (1744–1755)
  • Carolus Molinari (1755–1763)
  • Batholomeus Soffredini (1763)
  • Thomas Maria Ghilini (1763–1775)
  • Joannes Antonius Maggiora (1775–1776)
  • Ignatius Busca (1776–1785)
  • Michael Causati (1785–1786)
  • Antonius Felix Zondadari (1786–1792)

in Münster and Amsterdam:

  • Caesar di Brancadoro (1792–1794)
  • Ludovicus Ciamberlani (1794–1828)

in The Hague:

  • Franciscus Capaccini (1829–1831)
  • Antonius Antonucci (1831–1841)
  • Innocentius Ferrieri (1841–1847)
  • Johannes Zwijsen (1847–1848)
  • Carolus Belgrado (1848–1853)

Old-Catholic archbishops who notified their election to the Pope

  • Cornelius van Steenoven (1724–1725)
  • Cornelius Johannes Barchman Wuytiers (1725–1733)
  • Theodorus van der Croon (1734–1739)
  • Petrus Johannes Meindaerts (1739–1767)
  • Walter van Nieuwenhuisen (1768–1797)
  • Johannes Jacobus van Rhijn (1797–1808)
  • Willibrord van Os (1814–1825)
  • Johannes van Santen (1825–1858)
  • Henricus Loos (1858–1873)

None were recognized by the Apostolic See as legitimate. At every notification, the popes' Roman Curia would send an official decree of excommunication and schism.

For more information on the Old-Catholic hierarchy, see main article.

Roman Catholic archbishops after Restoration of the Episcopal Hierarchy

  • Johannes Zwijsen (1853–1868)
  • Andreas Ignatius Schaepman (1868–1882)
  • Petrus Matthias Snickers (1883–1895)
  • Henricus van de Wetering (1895–1929)
  • Johannes Henricus Gerardus Jansen (1930–1936)
  • Johannes de Jong (1936–1955)
  • Bernardus Johannes Alfrink (1955–1975)
  • Johannes Gerardus Maria Willebrands (1975–1983)
  • Adrianus Johannes Simonis (1983–2007)
  • Willem Jacobus Eijk (since 2007)

See also

  • Bishopric of Utrecht

References

Template:Reflist

External links

Template:Roman Catholic dioceses in the Netherlands