Rotterdam Centraal railway station

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Rotterdam Centraal [r?t?r?d?m s?n?tra??] is the main railway station of the city Rotterdam in the Netherlands.

History

File:Rotterdam Centraal Exit.JPG
Rotterdam's former Centraal Station by architect Sybold van Ravesteyn built 1950-1957.

The station opened June 3, 1847 as the Delftsche Poort railway station. This station was, however, no real central station. Trains from/towards Utrecht departed from Rotterdam Maas railway station and from 1908, Hofplein station served electric trains towards The Hague. Delftsche Poort and Maas station were destroyed in the Rotterdam Blitz. Thereafter, the railway to Utrecht was moved to the north, joining the line between The Hague and Rotterdam since 1953 via the west (remarkable, because Utrecht is to the east causing a long curve west of the station). The former Delftsche Poort station location was designated to become the location of the new Central Station. A station building designed by Sybold van Ravesteyn opened in 1957. On February 9, 1968, the station was expanded with a metro platform under the square in front of the station. The 1957 station closed on September 2, 2007 and has been demolished. The building became too small for the increasing number of passengers. During construction of the new station building, a temporary station was built next to the construction site, using the original platforms. Early 2013 the new public transport terminal was sufficiently completed to become operational, and replaced the temporary building.

The station currently has 13 platforms, many being island platforms. The station is on the Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway, Breda–Rotterdam railway, Utrecht–Rotterdam railway and the HSL-Zuid. There is a train/metro service under the station on Rotterdam Metro line D, and, as of 2010, on RandstadRail line E.

Destinations

As it is one of the four main stations in the Netherlands it is well connected with cities all over the country. Major destinations include:

Amsterdam, Amersfoort, Bergen op Zoom, Breda, Dordrecht, Delft, Den Haag, Eindhoven, Gouda, Groningen, Haarlem, Hoek van Holland (Ferry to Harwich UK), Leeuwarden, Leiden, Middelburg, Roosendaal, Tilburg, Utrecht, Venlo, Vlissingen and Zwolle.

There are also international services to Antwerpen, Brussels and Paris up to 10 times a day.

Train services

The following services call at Rotterdam Centraal:

  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • 1x per week high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • 10x per day high speed service (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Brussels - Paris
  • 2x per hour high speed service (Intercity Direct) Amsterdam - Schiphol - Rotterdam - Breda
  • 12x per day international service The Hague - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Antwerp - Brussels
  • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - Leiden - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht
  • 2x per hour intercity service Lelystad - Amsterdam - Schiphol - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Vlissingen
  • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Leeuwarden
  • 1x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht - Amersfoort - Zwolle - Groningen
  • 2x per hour intercity service Rotterdam - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour intercity service The Hague - Rotterdam - Breda - Eindhoven - Venlo
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - Breda - Eindhoven (weekends only)
  • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Amsterdam - Utrecht
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Woerden - Amsterdam - Uitgeest
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Gouda - Gouda Goverwelle
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Hoek van Holland
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen - Maassluis - Maassluis West
  • 4x per hour local service (sprinter) Rotterdam - Vlaardingen (peak hours only)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Breda (only 1x per hour from Dordrecht to Breda outside peak hours)
  • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal (only 1x per hour from Dordrecht to Roosendaal outside peak hours)

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Metro services

Rotterdam Centraal currently serves as a terminus for metro line D, while line E trains continue further south to Slinge station, sharing the section between Rotterdam Centraal and Slinge with line D.

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Tram services

The station is served by almost all lines in the Rotterdam tramway network (4, 7, 8, 10, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25 and 29).

Bus services

  • 33 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Rotterdam-The Hague Airport
  • 38 Rotterdam Centraal - Oud-Mathenesse - Schiedam Centrum
  • 39 Rotterdam Centraal - Crooswijk
  • 40 Rotterdam Centraal - Blijdorp Zoo - Overschie - Delft University - Delft
  • 44 Rotterdam Centraal - Erasmus University - Carnisse - Zuidplein
  • 48 Rotterdam Centraal - Beurs - Blaak - Kop van Zuid - Station Zuid
  • Eurolines

See also

  • RandstadRail
  • Nederlandse Spoorwegen

References

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External links

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