Royal Air Force Museum London

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The Royal Air Force Museum London, commonly called the RAF Museum, is located on the former Hendon Aerodrome, with five major buildings and hangars dedicated to the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force. It is part of the Royal Air Force Museum, a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Ministry of Defence and a registered charity.

A second collection of exhibits, plus aircraft restoration facilities, is housed at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford at RAF Cosford in Shropshire, five miles northwest of Wolverhampton.

History

The museum was officially opened at the Colindale (then part of Hendon) London site on 15 November 1972 by Her Majesty The Queen. The hangars housed 36 aircraft at opening. Over the years, the collection increased, and aircraft not on display at Hendon were stored or displayed by smaller local RAF station museums. On 1 May 1976, the Cosford Aerospace Museum was opened at RAF Cosford, one of the stations used to store some of the museum's collection. Recently opened is the National Cold War Exhibition, adding to the museum's already impressive collection, housing examples of all three of the V bombers and other Cold War aircraft, many of which are suspended from the hangar roof.

The first Director of the Museum was Dr John Tanner who retired in 1987. In 1988 Dr Michael A Fopp (who had previously directed the London Transport Museum) was appointed Director General of all three sites operated by the Museum. Air Vice-Marshal Peter Dye RAF (retired), replaced Dr. Fopp as Director General on 9 June 2010.

In 1980, the Cosford site agreed to house the British Airways Museum collection, which has now been removed after British Airways withdrew funding.

Description

File:CR42Falco5689.jpg
CR 42 Falco at the Battle of Britain hall

The Royal Air Force Museum London comprises five exhibition halls:

  • Milestones of Flight
  • The Bomber Hall
  • Historic Hangars
  • The Battle of Britain Hall
  • The Grahame-White Factory

As of 2010, it had over 100 aircraft, including one of only two surviving Vickers Wellingtons left in the world and the Avro Lancaster S-Sugar, which flew 137 sorties. It also includes the only complete Hawker Typhoon and the only Boulton Paul Defiant in the world.

Recently added to the museum is a B-24 Liberator, which was moved to Hendon from Cosford. It was presented to the museum by the Indian Air Force. In exchange, a Vickers Valiant was sent to Cosford to become part of the new Cold War exhibition. In 2009 the museum took delivery of a FE2b World War I bomber, which had been in production for the museum for over 18 years and is one of the few examples of this aircraft in the world.

There is a large car park at the site, and reasonable public transport links, with Colindale tube station around a 10 minute walk away.

In April 2009, work began on The Battle of Britain Hall to improve lighting conditions and provide full re-cladding to the exterior of the building. This new form of energy-saving lighting can change colour and light intensity while still being cheaper to run. It is kinder to the exhibits because it does not emanate UV light,and light intensity can be increased between each "Our Finest Hour" showing. The hall will also benefit from a new glass fascia overlooking the Sunderland flying boat making it viewable from outside and also providing natural daylight throughout the Sunderland Hall, a section within the Battle of Britain building. Works were completed in August 2009.

Aircraft on display

Milestones of Flight

File:Sopwith Camel 1.jpg
The Sopwith Camel in the 'Milestones of Flight' hall
  • BAe Harrier GR.3
  • Bleriot XI
  • de Havilland DH.60 Moth
  • de Havilland Mosquito B.35
  • Eurofighter Typhoon (prototype)
  • Fokker DVII
  • Gloster F.9/40
  • Hawker Hart II
  • Hawker Tempest V
  • Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II (display mockup)
  • North American P-51D Mustang
  • Percival Mew Gull
  • Sikorsky R-4
  • Sopwith Camel
  • Messerschmitt Me 262A-2a Schwalbe

The Bomber Hall

File:Avro-lancaster-front.jpg
Avro Lancaster R5868 in the Bomber Hall of the RAF Museum London
  • Airspeed Oxford I
  • Avro Anson I
  • Avro Lancaster B.I
  • Avro Vulcan B.2
  • Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress
  • Consolidated B-24L Liberator
  • Fairey Battle
  • Focke Wulf Fw 190A-8/U-1
  • Handley Page Halifax II (recovered wreck)
  • Hawker Siddeley Buccaneer S.2B
  • Heinkel He 162A-2
  • North American TB-25J Mitchell
  • Panavia Tornado GR.1A
  • Percival Prentice
  • Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2B
  • Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2B
  • Saunders-Roe Skeeter AOP.12

Historic Hangars

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  • Avro Rota
  • Bristol Beaufighter TF.X
  • Bristol Beaufort
  • Bristol F.2B
  • Bristol Sycamore
  • BAC Jet Provost T.5
  • BAC Lightning F.6
  • Curtiss Kittyhawk IV
  • de Havilland Canada Chipmunk
  • de Havilland DH.9A
  • de Havilland Vampire F.3
  • English Electric Canberra PR.3
  • European Helicopter Industries EH101
  • Gloster Meteor F.8
  • Hawker Hart II
  • Hawker Hunter FGA.9
  • Hawker Tempest II

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The Gloster Meteor on display in the Historic Hangars
  • Hawker Typhoon IB
  • Lockheed Hudson IIIA
  • Messerschmitt Me 262
  • McDonnell Douglas Phantom II FGR.2
  • North American Harvard IIB
  • Panavia Tornado F.3
  • Republic Thunderbolt II
  • Slingsby Grasshopper
  • Supermarine Southampton
  • Supermarine Spitfire F.24
  • Supermarine Spitfire Vb
  • Supermarine Stranraer
  • Taylorcraft Auster I
  • Westland Belvedere HC.1
  • Westland Gazelle HT.3
  • Westland Wessex HCC.4
  • Westland Whirlwind HAR.10

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Battle of Britain Hall

thumb Stuka on display in the Battle of Britain Hall]]

  • Bristol Blenheim IV
  • de Havilland Tiger Moth
  • CASA 1.131 Jungmann (Spanish Air Force - E-3B)
  • Fiat CR.42 Falco
  • Gloster Gladiator I
  • Hawker Hurricane I
  • Heinkel He 111H-20
  • Junkers Ju 87G-2
  • Junkers Ju 88R-1
  • Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3
  • Messerschmitt Bf 110G-2
  • Short Sunderland MR.5
  • Supermarine Seagull V
  • Supermarine Spitfire I
  • V1 Flying Bomb
  • Westland Lysander III

The Grahame-White Factory

File:Grahame-White Factory interior, RAF Museum London.jpg
Grahame-White Factory interior, Bristol M.1c and Vickers Vimy in foreground
  • Avro 504K
  • Bleriot XXVII
  • Bristol M.1c
  • Caudron G.3
  • Hanriot HD.1
  • Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5A
  • Sopwith 1½ Strutter
  • Sopwith Dolphin
  • Sopwith Pup
  • Sopwith Tabloid
  • Sopwith Triplane
  • Vickers F.B.5
  • Vickers Vimy

Engines on display

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  • Bentley BR2
  • Bristol Jupiter
  • Bristol Mercury
  • Bristol Hercules XVIII
  • Curtiss OX-5
  • Daimler-Benz DB 605
  • Gnome Monosoupape
  • Gnome Omega
  • Green C.4
  • Hispano-Suiza 8
  • Lycoming T55
  • Junkers Jumo 004
  • Liberty L-12
  • Napier Dagger
  • Napier Gazelle
  • Napier Double Scorpion
  • Napier Lion VII

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  • Napier Sabre III
  • Power Jets W.2B/500
  • Rolls-Royce Avon Mk.203
  • Rolls-Royce Derwent V
  • Rolls-Royce Derwent 8
  • Rolls-Royce Eagle
  • Rolls-Royce Hawk
  • Rolls-Royce Griffon
  • Rolls-Royce Kestrel IB
  • Rolls-Royce Merlin III
  • Rolls-Royce Merlin XX
  • Rolls-Royce Merlin 23
  • Rolls-Royce Pegasus
  • Rolls-Royce Spey
  • Rolls-Royce R
  • Sunbeam Arab I

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See also

  • Hendon Aerodrome
  • List of aerospace museums

References

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External links

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Template:British Aviation Museums Template:Aviation lists

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